Yep. The real issue with fairness is that these dodges aren't equally usable by all....
You can legally avoid billions of taxes for a thousandth of that - by creating the proper office, with employees, in the low tax district and doing this foolery. Works great if you have the dosh in the first place - the big outfits all do, and all do this. But any small biz can't afford to play that game.
We thus generate anti-progressive taxation via "any country who wants to write laws that allows that", and there's always one who figures some is better than the none they'd probably get otherwise.
But just to make it more interesting, since we are pretty much all direct or definitely indirect customers of these outfits, taxing them means what? Who pays? We do, of course. Always and forever, not exceptions have ever occured in all history - the corps either charge more, or go out of business, either way it's we who pay. Perhaps the more well-off pay more Apple tax, but most of us pay some of all of it. Do you think other manufacturers or advertisers don't get a boost in what they can charge by being just a little less, or a trivial example of one entity making the entire market more expensive?
Governments get more taxes, and use it to wastefully redistribute income - not that that is working out well, or standards of living have actually gone up since the 1980's at least. But it'll work this time, it's never been done just right (definition of insanity).
To inject even a little more fun into the analysis, think of it this way - while people usually are, and should be, equal under the law, we're not the same. Plenty of lower IQ people (as George Carlin mentioned so eloquently), plenty of low motivation folks and so forth. I think of the governments and their various departments as jobs programs for those sorts of people, who gravitate to sinecure jobs that require no thought, just choosing from drop down lists (which never really fit the complexities of reality), and showing up enough to last till a pension; depending on what country, it might even pay more than actually productive work - it certainly does if you count the pension most of us are never offered, or like most pension plans, is going to fail - arithmetic always wins in the end.
So, think of it this way. Paying some .gov jerk to stamp "no" on whatever they force you to ask permission for (especially including most of it not really being any of their business anyway) is actually costing us less than dealing with the life of (other) crime they'd probably adopt otherwise. As it is, most criminals are stupid - and keep an nearly as stupid police and prison system employed, all easy pickings and mostly leaving we smarter people out of it - which is not the worst possible outcome.
Eg the middle intelligence people would cost us more as criminals than they do as...government occupied criminals.
You can see why I'd never go anywhere in politics...the truth never sells well....especially if it's obvious in hindsight.