Why is it okay for Google and Yahoo, but not Microsoft?
Because you don't pay to use Google and Yahoo. Micro$oft charge for their main products.
1461 posts • joined 15 Aug 2013
Why is it okay for Google and Yahoo, but not Microsoft?
Because you don't pay to use Google and Yahoo. Micro$oft charge for their main products.
So basically people are complaining that traffic destined for Google may be stored, analysed and used for nefarious purposes by someone other than Google?
Ignorant people may be complaining about that, but that was not what happened. The only significant traffic that was mis-routed would have been SYN (connect) attempts, which went unanswered. Whatever request or data the person trying to contact Google may have intended to send would thus have not been sent. To anywhere. So the only data that would have been obtained was the fact that a connection request was made to Google from a particular IP address at a particular time for an unknown purpose - hardly something that is likely to be of any concern.
Possibly there was a bit of UDP data that got through (UDP does not require a connection be established before sending the payload - often used for live streaming video or audio for example), but in almost all cases there would be some sort of 2-way handshake before streaming the data over a UDP connection, so really no risk that Internet calls were being intercepted.
Both UK and US have been re-routing Internet traffic for decades in order to spy on their citizens, so it's a bit hypocritical to get all upset when someone else follows suit. (There is no technical reason for your Internet data to get routed to Menwith Hill).
In any case, if this was really deliberate (and it may well not have been), then it was simply a denial of service attack rather than a spying mission because it stopped any TCP connection being made, and no data is sent unless and until the TCP handshake has completed. Had there been servers in Russia, China or Nigeria accepting the connection requests and pretending to be Google, then it would have been far more sinister.
"... even if, as is routine these days, he will serve a maximum of half that time behind bars.
The word "routine" makes it appear to be something that is optional, and "these days" makes it sound as if it's a recent thing. Neither is true - sentences have comprised a certain proportion to be spent in prison and the rest out on licence for many decades (though the exact proportions have changed from time to time). The media always makes out that release from prison before the entire sentence is served is some sort of discretionary concession. It isn't, it follows mandatory rules of which the sentencing judge is well aware.
Surely having your page file located on an SSD would achieve pretty much exactly the same thing?
"That won't help tax companies that do sell stuff, or enable selling of stuff. eg. Amazon, Ebay."
The government gets sales tax from online retailers, which is effectively 20% of UK based *turnover*. Just how much more do you think the government ought to get? To my mind, 20% profit on all sales while doing fuck-all to either facilitate or earn it is far more than enough.
Maybe stop to think that maybe it is the huge amount of tax that UK citizens pay directly or indirectly that is causing recession and the lowering of our standard of living. At least 80% of what you earn is currently taken by the government in one way or another (just do a bit of arithmetic), and it's over 90% for many people.
Now while I understand that we need to pay the government to provide general infrastructures and services, I do not accept that the government is providing anything close to 80% of the needs of the average citizen. Just a few rough calculations make me pretty certain that the majority of our tax money must be disappearing into quite a few "black holes" and is *not* being used to benefit us (the ordinary citizen) in any way whatsoever.
In my opinion there should be a rule that states that wars can only be declared if the political leader of the country wishing to declare war must live for the duration with a civilian family in the target country, the location of which is decided by the target country and unknown to the aggressor.
(In my book the aggressor is the country that first sends troops or fires weapons to targets outside its own country.)
One of the weak points of drones has always been the command & control link. Ground signals can not only be jammed, but the signal from drone to ground gives away its position. Hence why satellites are usually used for the link. But if the stakes are high enough to interest the big players, the satellite down-link gives away which satellite is providing it, and satellites, having no defences or any way to hide, can easily be shot down by nations with the technology to do so.
I suspect that the only reason that military satellites are not usually targeted is some sort of agreement between the major powers of, "We'll leave yours alone if you leave ours alone." Which would change if drones do enough damage to such nations.
But an "A.I." drone needs no C&C link. In reality the "A.I." instructions might be simply, "Blow up anything that moves within a designated area unless it is displaying the (secret) 'friend' symbol or signal.
You can see the diagram for yourself if you wish at:
It's not interactive! How useless. It would be much more fun if you could alter the signals and points with a mouse-click.
I bought a phone-sized projector containing WiFi, Bluetooth and an Android OS and was very impressed - pretty cheap as well. It's perfect for occasions when you need to look at a reasonable size image on a very portable device. The LED projection is bright enough to see in shaded daylight up to about A3 size, and in a dark room will project very watchable movies on a wall or screen several metres in size. Battery charge lasts over 2 hours of continuous projector use.
So my idea would be a phone with a normal size display, but with a projector lens on the edge for when you need to see some reasonable detail or display something to a group of people.
The article fails to explain on what grounds the people running the server were arrested and on what grounds the server was seized. AFAIAA it is perfectly legal in Holland to run an encrypted messaging site, just as it is legal to communicate using PGP. So what laws had the people running the server broken? I would have thought they were making sufficient money from selling such expensive hardware & services that they would not have needed to be involved in anything criminal.
You'll find that this is being offered at that price for the mandatory period so that they can legitimately advertise it having a "99.9% discount" during the January sales and still charge $13000.
True, but streaming allows for a thinner pipe because the end-user won't have to wait for the download to finish before they can use it.
True only of the individual user's download speed (which was what was being measured). If you have 100 people all streaming movies, the total bandwidth needs to be the same as if they were all downloading the movie before playing it. Jitter & lag don't matter on a download, and can be compensated on a stream by having a large buffer (e.g. the movie starts playing after a few minute delay to get a decent amount buffered).
In America you have the protected right to carry automatic rifles and guns, but take a novelty lighter to work and everyone gets upset.
I'm not quite sure that Americans are able to differentiate between the things that can hurt them and the things that can't. And the disease seems to be spreading ...
You benefit from the continued stability that all this provides. You wouldn't be able to enjoy making as much money as you do without a vast web of support.
I'm willing to pay a fair price for such infrastructure. But the total amount of tax that gets taken in one form or another amounts to well over 80% of what I earn which is wa-a-ay outside the ball park. N.I., PAYE, council tax, VAT, fuel tax, road tax and the increased prices of goods due to the taxes imposed on the manufacture and supply chain.
You might also explain how bombing Iraq back to the stone age has in *any way* contributed to my wellbeing in the UK - and that's just one expensive venture my tax money was spent on.
Not moral? There is nothing moral about modern taxation, which is taking a greater and greater percentage of our income and spending it on things that are increasingly irrelevant to our standard of living, unnecessary and/or designed to line someone's pockets.
I'd say that it a moral *duty* of any person or organisation to avoid paying a penny more to our government than is absolutely unavoidable.
You may or may not know that income tax was introduced by the UK government as a *temporary* emergency measure that was promised to be withdrawn at the end of the Napoleonic war. IMO it is the government that has behaved immorally, not those who legally avoid paying tax.
Safety critical computer systems should be running dedicated firmware with no way of being updated or altered except via a dedicated engineering port that is normally not connected. It should *not* run on a generic OS with a few apps tacked on. You won't find any aircraft auto-pilots or engine management systems running Windows or Linux.
I wonder when we will see "may" change to "is".
Probably never. Any bug that results in a buffer overflow or similar is tagged as being a possible path to malicious code execution. In practice however, it is one thing to get your binary into a (usually unknown address of) RAM, but another thing entirely to get the CPU to actually execute it. And yet another thing again to get the code to do anything more serious than crashing the system.
So in 999 cases out of 1000 the risk is far more theoretical than real.
A High Court in England is for civil trials, not criminal trials, but I'm not sure if it's the same in Scotland. So maybe he will be judging the merits of a copyright lawsuit, or deciding whether a particular tree is depriving a neighbour of too much light, or perhaps whether the travel agent should be held responsible for Gary becoming sick after only 4 litres of foreign lager and a dozen olives.
When people cannot get any legitimate income, they will automatically turn to less conventional methods. Therefore the government policy is effectively outsourcing the benefits system to organized crime which will be only too happy to step in and fill the gap. Instead of the tax-payer funding the lifestyle of single parents, their kids will now be able to do their bit via various self-funding initiatives that will also help their community by filling vital gaps in the sex and recreational drug supply areas. Also helping to narrow the gap between rich and poor via various wealth redistribution schemes aka "Faganism". Which is also excellent vocational training which will help the teacher shortage by cutting down on the number of pupils attending classes. A win-win all round.
Nobody has yet mentioned Token Ring. The Big Blue alternative.
Or the differential coax pair method using BNC and TNC connectors used by Wan installations. Which used 75ohm coax so existing Wang cabling could not be re-used for Ethernet ...
But coax *shudder* - so glad it died out as a networking solution. Ethernet is so much better.
Novell *did* run over Ethernet, just using a different protocol than IP (it used SPX/IPX IIRC), though you could configure it to use IP as well. It's just that at the time Novell came out the normal Ethernet cards were 10base2 (coax without switches), but Novell was perfectly OK on the later 10baseT and later physical links.
I expect that not only does it index your entire HDD (taking a mere 10 hours during which your PC is too slow to be used), but it saves the index to "the cloud" so it is never lost. Also allowing anyone else + dog to search your HDD without your knowledge, even if your PC is not switched on. Handy for when the wife wants to buy you some porn that you've not seen. You can easily turn off that feature by going through 15 menu items that don't appear to be in any way related, instructions for which are clearly documented in 6-point type halfway down a 10000 line document on an obscure page of the Microsoft web site. Hidden beneath a pop-up EULA. But it switches itself on again after every update (and if you sneeze a bit hard).
Leave your phone at home (or elsewhere) while you go out to commit an armed robbery, and it will provide you with a pretty reasonable alibi these days ...
Better yet, ship it to a friend in a distant city, who ships it back to you upon receipt, and your alibi gets stronger (ship it connected to a power bank if its battery would not otherwise last long enough).
I stated in the comments to the earlier article - if you have the resources to make a custom chip, then you would create a lookalike of a suitable chip that is *already used* on the MB, and substitute the bogus chip for the real one anywhere along the supply chain to the MB manufacturer. No board modifications needed, and nobody associated with the server manufacture will know a thing. The bogus chip would work correctly, but have extra functionality. Then there would be no outward difference in the motherboard and it could only be discovered by observing the unauthorised behaviour. Not even examination of the silicon would make it immediately apparent, because the bogus silicon could be marked with the correct chip ID and a bogus "new revision" number.
Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof. Embedding a chip in a PCB would require a completely new PCB fabrication process so is inherently unlikely (Everyone working in the PCB fab would have noticed all the new machinery and a complete change to the process flow). Unless the news agency can produce a PCB modified in the way claimed, I do not believe a word of it.
I think the point is that regardless of "I didn't know it was against the law" excuses, you are likely to still know what you are doing is likely to be with bad intentions regardless of your knowledge of the law.
Not in this day of 1000 new laws passed every month. If you were working in a charity shop for example, would you know that it is against the law to sell a pencil sharpener to a 15 year old? (It is a "Bladed article" which may not be sold to children - you'll see it has to be approved if you scan one at a self-service till).
Yet in the UK it is often said that "Ignorance of a law is no defence".
Ignorance *of the law* is no defence, but ignorance *of the facts* certainly is. e.g. it is no defence to say, "I did not know that it is illegal to possess cocaine." But it is a defence to say, "I did not know that the substance in my possession was cocaine."
The converse is also true. You can be convicted of being in possession of talcum powder if it can be proven that you thought it was cocaine.
In this case, the fact that the cleaners believed that they were in the correct house certainly is a defence.
"This is complete utter nonsense. A quick back-of-envelop calculation: The sun has an angular diameter of 0.0093 radians, so "focusing" the sun's rays from a distance is optically impossible"
Hmmm - never heard of parabolic reflectors???
It is perfectly possible to make a parabolic reflector that has a focal distance of several hundred kilometres. Besides, it has already been done - see the earlier reference in these comments to the Russian experiment.
"So, at a time the entire planet is trying to cool off here comes a geezer with a plan to redirect energy that was bypassing the Earth."
It would be perfectly possible for the mirror to reflect predominately the visible part of the spectrum, which would most probably generate less heat at the Earth's surface than is generated by the street lights (which generate heat themselves, and require electricity generated by a power station that gives off heat).
You sums are wronger than a wrong thing.
You completely neglect the fact that the Moon's reflected light is beamed out over a very wide angle, covering a far greater area than a complete hemisphere of the Earth. The mirror would be focussed to an angle of far less than 1 degree, designed to illuminate only a tiny fraction of the Earth's surface (so requiring many orders of magnitude less light than the Moon to do so).
Comparison with a telescope mirror is comparing apples to elephants. Telescope mirrors must be rigid to keep a precise shape, and so are thick & heavy. An illuminating mirror would not need to hold a precise shape, and would be made of extremely thin and light flexible sheets that are unfurled when in position.
"and there's no way this could come anywhere near the amount of light you get from a full Moon."
Of course it can, and the article states that it will be 8 times brighter. The Moon is not only much further away, but most of the light it reflects does not hit the Earth. The mirror would focus 100% of the light it reflects onto a tiny fraction of the Earth's surface. (In fact the Moon, being convex, is exactly the *wrong* shape for an efficient light-mirror).
"So what happens to that radiation pressure? In order for the satellite to remain in its orbit, something has to counteract it. "
Not necessarily. It could be arranged that the pressure during one half of the orbit is exactly the same but opposite direction to the pressure in the other half of the orbit. In fact, adjusting the mirror "sails" during China's daylight period could be used to adjust the satellite's orbit, thus reducing or eliminating the need for it to have any orbital engines.
"So, HOW BIG does that mirror need to be?"
Very, very big. But that is far from impractical, because the mirror can be made of plastic just a few molecules thick which is unfurled in space to be many square kilometres in area.
Make it illegal to sell stuff without certification. Make the reseller legally responsible for confirming their products are certified. For ebay/Amazon make the site that hosts the sale responsible.
What sort of certification do you have in mind?
Do it all via Facebook?
In any case, it's always handy to have several different IDs in case one of them is rejected for something you really want to do.
So the amount of free energy available in those beams are absolutely enormous. And available 24/7/365.
There must therefore surely be a few £million in government funding available to research ways of harnessing it. Doesn't have to be at all practical, the government just needs to be able to boast about how much it's doing to address climate change.
" ... and creating the manufacturing manifests for the board etching/sandwiching/populating machines ...
This is like saying that a car manufacturer could start making flying cars without any of the factory workers noticing except those operating the machine that bolts the wings on. PCB manufacturers do not *have* any machines for sandwiching chips between layers. It is not a normal PCB process. I think all the factory workers would know about a brand-new machine and completely different workflow.
mill of the packaging and check the die with a verified sample.
If the spooks are capable of making their own silicon as the allegation suggests, then the die itself can be made to look little different to the genuine product. In many cases a complex chip contains its own CPU and microcode - the only difference between the real and bogus chips being the microcode in it's on-chip ROM which will show no visible difference.
If China had the means to design and manufacture such complex "spy chips" then it would also have been able to manufacture lookalike replacements for legitimate chips on the board such as the BMC chip itself. This would not only have been more difficult to detect (as there are no unexpected additions or changes to the board), but far easier to implement involving fewer people. All that would need to happen is to substitute the bogus chip for the real chip as supplied to the manufacturing factory which could happen anywhere along the supply route, or been done via a "black bag" operation substituting the stock in the warehouse of either factory or supplier. Nobody at any factory need be aware of any changes. No highly difficult modification to the PCB layup (putting a chip between fibreglass layers would require a different and completely non-standard manufacturing process for the PCB - everyone working at the PCB factory would know what's going on).
It simply makes no sense that such a highly complex and detectable method involving scores of people would have been used when a simple component substitution would have done the job far better and cheaper with far less probability of detection and no 3rd parties ever needing to know that it has happened.
And how about Hugh Jardon?
The article states, "... which derived the data from 87 billion measurements on 8 million devices between May and August this year."
But neglects to say *what* was measured. There is also no mention of *how* video streaming is degraded. As such it is akin to saying "Persil washes whiter." IOW a completely meaningless statement because it lacks any terms of reference. Maybe video quality is rated higher in some countries because the local YouTube servers are less loaded and it has sod-all to do with the mobile network. Or maybe it is rated according to users' subjective opinion and they have cuter looking kittens in that country.
Urban myth. We don't currently grow all we eat, in part because we like eating out-of-season food like asparagus at Christmas, and in part because the Common Agricultural Policy distorts production in EU countries. We're perfectly capable of growing the food we need, even if remoaners nonsensical FUD about being unable to buy from elsewhere were true.
Even if that were true, all that food will not do us much good when it is rotting in the fields because there's insufficient seasonal immigrant labour available to harvest it.
Because god forbid the data ever shows cultural influences/background actually DO have something to do with criminality. Can't be having that now can we."
Not when it comes to assessing the risk of a particular individual, no. Statistical data has absolutely no relevance when it comes to the characteristics of an individual. You should not base a decision on whether or not to arrest a particular person on the percentage of people who share that person's skin colour/postcode/style of clothes who happen to be criminals or saints. The only relevant data is the past and present behaviour of *that particular individual*.
Statistics and probability apply only to a group as a whole, not to individuals within that group. Which is one of the most misunderstood things about statistics in general.
"... to the EU or its dreadful currency."
Dreadful? How? Had you switched to using Euro in 1973, it would have been a wise move, because it is worth twice as much now compared to the pound. So either it's not as dreadful as you think, or the pound is even more dreadful (probably the latter).
On the day we leave, deal or no deal the Earth will keep turning and nothing too serious will happen. Life will go on, things will get done in pretty much the same way, and problems will be quickly solved or temporary workarounds agreed pragmatically between the interested parties even if the bureaucracy is not yet in place. The only "insurmountable" issues will be those deliberately engineered by people with an axe to grind in order to prove a point.
I am totally opposed to leaving the EU for several reasons, but that doesn't mean that I think that leaving will cause immediate disaster.
It is highly difficult to hack into a fax machine (you have to physically cut the line - you cannot "T" into a fax communication because it's bidirectional with the same frequencies used on both sides so you usually have to insert a hybrid in-line to separate Tx from Rx), and it is impossible to do so from outside the country.
And if you do manage to hack the machine, you'll only get the real-time faxes sent to & from that particular machine from that time on, not a database of the past 10 years' email correspondence from all users on the server.
All the security and reliability issues mentioned are due to failings in the way faxes are used and is no different to Internet based communications. Yes, an unattended fax machine is a security risk. So is an unattended logged-in terminal, or an unattended printer or an unattended filing cabinet. And if the fax does not get to the person it is supposed to get to, that's a failing of the way it is managed, not the fax. Exactly the same can happen to an email (or snail-mail) - e.g. when the recipient has left or away on holiday, or when they delete your email without reading because it's buried amongst last night's spam, or when it is sent to the wrong email address and not forwarded to the correct person. Or when the email server crashes after receiving the email and gets restored using last weeks' backups.
The fax machine sends back confirmation that the fax was correctly received and printed which works 99% of the time (if it is out of paper or has a mechanical jam it will send back an error to the originating machine, but a few other failures can occur that result in an "OK" response with nothing printed). It cannot confirm that anyone bothered reading the fax, any more than your email receipt confirmation means that anyone actually read the contents of your email rather than e.g. the confirmation being automatically generated by a computer running an email client behind an empty desk (which like the fax, would be a problem with the configuration and/or policy, not emails in general).
And who confirms receipt? How do you know there's paper? what happens when they move the printer?
You could say exactly the same about emails sent to a staff member who is on extended holiday or has left the NHS.
It boils down to exactly the same thing - having a procedure in place that ensures that such things are dealt with appropriately.
So it is possible to have an IT outage in an airport without generating hordes of angry passengers who have been kept in the dark about what's happening to their flights.
I can assure you that both passengers were in fact pretty angry.
Well, there is a heck of a lot of pretty good technology there. The optics seem to be particularly sophisticated - way better than I expected to hear. I'd really like to see the result. The projection of IR dots and camera pick-up to map a room's dimensions also seems to be a good way to go (except for those who like very dark décore in their room), although the test will be in how well the processing can interpret the data. In fact processing speed is likely to be the major make or break. If the final result lags too badly it will just end up inducing motion sickness.
If the hardware works as the description suggests it should, and if there is software that can make good use of that hardware, then I think it will be worth the steep asking price, albeit not something everyone could afford to spend on something as unnecessary as video gaming.
I may just end up raising a company purchase request. For R&D purposes. I'd even put in some overtime (working from home).
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