Re: The USA way of doing things
T34 v Tiger 5. In the end experience, training and numbers
Actually, mostly numbers and strategy to match.
When Germans captured T26s and BTs in Spain and later early T34s and BT7 in USSR they were horrified. It could do (barely) 300-500km on one chainset, needed full fluid change and complete transmission and engine overhaul after 500km, etc. The could not "get it" how you can fight a war in this. Well, they should have just picked up Tuhachevski's papers off the shelf and read them (Guderian actually did, but by that point nobody listened to him).
According to Tuhachevski's analysis war is a rhythmic affair (there is nothing new here, you can find some of these ideas going back to Von Clausevits and "Der Crieg"). it is not continuous, especially when fighting over large territory. You attack, consolidate your gains and defend your positions, regroup, give your troups a rest, replenish resources, then attack again. There ain't such thing as continuous BlitzKrieg in a war theater the size of Russia or the whole of Europe. When you do this using modern tank warfare (according to Tuhachevski and those of his students Stalin missed to execute), you should couple this rhythm to the maintenance cycle. Attack, establish new positions, put all tanks in a field garage for an oil change, chain change and transmission overhaul. If need be, replace the whole tank. Then do it again. T34 was literally built to match this strategy pattern.
If you look at it Russians were very badly beaten in WW2 when they deviated from this songsheet, in the summer of 41 and the summer of 42 (Harkov) because the clue-less homicidal vicar offspring could not add 2 and 2 strategywize and ordered the impossible. When he was pushed aside, the ones who knew the songbook and played by it kicked the German's ass. If you look at the whole war from winter of 42 onwards Russians played it strictly by this book including a number of cases where they refused to comply with allied requests to advance. In reality they could not - you cannot advance when half of your tanks are in bits in a garage or waiting for their turn to be in bits.
The moral of this story is - super duper weapons are useless against reasonable weapons in big numbers combined with appropriate strategy. In fact USA used this themselves - they used numbers in tank, aviation and naval warfare same as Russians in WW2. Germans had the better weapons by far - jets, tanks, ultra long range artillery, submarines, missiles - you name it. It did not help them in the slightest.