Re: There is no real option to turn off Location History once it has been enabled;
"The correct way would be to leave it off unless I start using an application where I specifically want it to know my location."
When you buy a phone you should be able to use its location features without sharing your location to advertiser's and without being tricked into doing so by deceptive wording.
If you accept Google being tricky you hand too much power to them in return for to little to consumers. The more power Google have, the more money they take from you via the advertising costs that form part of the price of what you buy.
If Google give you a location tool in return for location data and you are fairly informed about the cost benefit this is deemed ok by GDPR. This is not the case because you are not faily informed. Neither the cost nor what you get in return. s. I don't think consumers are aware of the hidden cost of Google's tracking to product prices so I support the EU govt fighting on our behalf.
All Google have to do to comply is be honest.
If they are incapable of honest trading they should be fined.