So very Canadian ...
unlike the despots of the USA and the UK.
Nice to know they care enough to ask ... even if they ignore you later!
3697 posts • joined 12 Oct 2009
unlike the despots of the USA and the UK.
Nice to know they care enough to ask ... even if they ignore you later!
Plod, et al, have been lieing their heads off in court for years.
This legislation just legitimises it.
the Tap Anything rules came into play and the GCHQ are losing all the data about bent banking in Jersey.
The test is simple.
Fill a mug with cold water and place in a microwave oven. Add the new note and run on High for 60-second periods.
If/when a burning smell is detected, and your oven is clean, check the note. RFID chips usually get so hot they melt the Kevlar.
It's sad to read about the InterNet deprived areas in the UK and the USA. Canada has an InterNet that connects even the North Coast of the country.
Couldn't an equivalent to the electrical grid be put in place?
Out here in Indochina fibre optics is revolutionising the place. In VietNam, in particular, the fibre optic tentacles are reaching the extremes of the country. In Ha Tien, on the border with Kampuchea/Cambodia they have announced there is enough backbone capacity for every household to have 50 Mbyte service. This is in addition to 200-channels of fibre optic TV.
What gets me is whilst there is commercial competition, technically the three government-owned entities and the four commercial entities are cross-supporting each other. First company into a property gets to run the fibre optic cable - with the subscriber paying USD$50 (equivalent) for the installation and a modem (HuaWei HG8045A) that outputs LAN1-LAN4, WiFi, Telephone (2 lines), Cable TV, USB Storage, FAX. There is also an input for standby power!
We can order InterNet from one provider, cable from another and telephone from a third. And no house calls.
Good news! Our 25 Mbyte unlimited service (USD$30/month) has been replaced with 50 Mbyte unlimited service at USD$25/month!
In Cambodia/Kampuchia in addition to cell service and cell InterNet there is live, streamed, wireless TV in the largest cities.
Obviously the neanderthals that keep seats warm in BT are the problem.
Is it buried deep in the electronics like the Samsung Flaming Note or can it be swapped out?
Signal, Telegram, PGP are solutions to amoral government employees. Take a look at > https://theintercept.com/2016/07/02/security-tips-every-signal-user-should-know/ <
If you are a techie use MESH radio and load the Google App. Think smartmeter networks!
Establishing an InterNet Cafe would really conceal your InterNet activities.
If you use Apple stuff, disable Cloud backups because many of your activities and data acquisition activities are copied there and Apple can be required to produce against a warrant from Plod. URLs and calls made/received/missed are also recorded in the cloud.
The hardest thing for the government to track are PAGERS, IRIDIUM satellite pagers, because whilst they know where the messages are sent from, the NEVER know who/where is receiving them!
One pager number + a pager, coupled with SDR (Software Defined Radios) - one for each user - and using a numeric header to define recipients and you are away.
Check out: > http://www.rtl-sdr.com/chaos-communications-congress-talks-iridium-pager-hacking/ <, > http://www.rtl-sdr.com/category/satellite/ <, > http://motherboard.vice.com/read/its-surprisingly-simple-to-hack-a-satellite <. Also Google: > satellite pagers, sdr, hacking <.
And don't forget the HF spectrum in the northern hemisphere - there are very few HF listening stations active these days. New Zealand, however, has a HSA HF setup to monitor the disparate Oceana Islands. Zip or burst transmitters drive the eavesdroppers crazy.
Living in a city with over 4-million motorcycles, SaiGon/Ho Chi Minh City, I watch the locals not only dialing calls but even composing SMS/Text messages with their left-hand whilst their right-hand holds the right accelerator handle.
Add to that the 1100-hundred thousand car and truck drivers who seemingly have equally ambidextrous skills, PLUS thousands of pedal cyclists who happily pedal along maintaining their social media life, it amazes me there are not even more than three traffic deaths daily.
But the smartphone DOES have moving uses. Taxi drivers are using the Apps that provide verbal translation to communicate with their passengers - and very useful they are, too. SaiGon/HCM have street names that are predominately after people with three names and yet these masterful Apps can translate from badly spoken English to understandable Vietnamese.
The fine for using cell handsets is USD$12 (equivalent), the usual bribe rate is USD$5, both quite high for Vietnamese wage earners, but this doesn't deter people from breaking the law.
A better reason for cell handset jammers I have yet to envision.
in training. Many of the Skyhorse Publishing titles are dated and simply copies of US Government manuals. Publications of the US Government are not copyrighted hence the busy reprinting industry.
The best source of current titles available direct from the U.S. Government Publishing Office > https://www.gpo.gov/ <.
To think that hundreds of thousands of furloughed military personnel who have undergone improvised explosives training is disturbing. I was in Royal Signals and attached to a unit whose reson d'etre was to make common or garden things go bang.
One demonstration I remembered was an incandescent lamp bulb and a common household fluid. Impressively destroyed the room it was discharged in.
Most homes have sufficient chemicals to create explosives or even poisonous gases. And a box of matches alone can do quite a bit of damage.
The Vietnamese government is very aware of these things and there is a general prohibition on fireworks, although sparklers have recently been approved. Matches are prohibited but lighters are approved. We can't even buy nail guns or ammunition.
The annual fireworks displays celebrating Georgian calendar New Years and Tet New Years are mounted by the military - and they make really, really, big bangs!
SJCAM doesn't need accessories - they are all included in a price that is lower than GoPro.
And SJCAM has additional features including Steadycam.
but when a Foreigner joins in that's totally different.
America doesn't do justice, it's more like 'Make A Deal'. It takes a brave person to fight them.
What's even worse, the Tory government participated in this miscarriage. Wouldn't happen in France - they don't extradite their own.
So what's new?
That bunch of thugs from MI have already participated in American torture sessions, they even had squaddies participating in Guantanamo.
Then the hypocrisy of Western combatants turning around and squealing about their men being tortured and abused by the Freedom Fighters.
Just because Americans wallow in their idea of 'fun' at ABU GHRAIB doesn't mean to say we Europeans have to join them, In earlier times that would have been enough to stop supporting them.
available to the US military ..."
The US trade regulations are easily circumvented.
I worked for a company that bought high-voltage switches used in nuclear devices. The thing I remember about them was the cute blue colour they had. They were very delicate.
On occasion they were damaged and the only requirement was send a picture, and an affidavit, stating it was damaged and how, and everything was hunky-dory. A vice-president then devised a scheme whereby these switches could be sold to a country near India.
He drove nice cars and had an impressive looking house.
In my work sojourns in to China and the DPRK I frequently see equipment and devices made in the USA that have restrictions on their uses.
Money drives the world and since China has a lot more than the USA, I'm not surprised what they get their hands on.
had the sharpest programmers.
But American split Sabre Res off and sold it to get some cash.
I guess these airheads have never heard of hacking.
Several drones have "hard coded" geo-fencing. Unfortunately, there are details on the InterNet as to how to remove these irritants.
Banned - the governmental favourite response.
many, many, years ago I was on the dock in Greenock, Scotland, when the ship that participated in the recovery of a flight of the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) (an inactive US Department of Defense Unified Command) returned.
It was a mess. Most of the bodies had detached heads. The only complete bodies were that of the cabin crew who were seated facing towards the rear of the aircraft.
Beats me why aircraft seats are facing forwards.
I go for a lot of walks in the open when I am there. When someone suggest we 'go for a walk' often we end up in a local restaurant (a stretch of the word) and drink tea and talk in low whispers.
Usually both parties list items of a conversation so if asked we can answer honestly if incompletely.
Before I visit people's homes, the inviter usually advises their manager. My trips are usually over two weeks in duration and they realise I want to have breaks. My guide and I often take her children to places of entertainment or parks where we can be 'spotted' from a distance. She says her house is 'clear' of 'intrusions' but we still limit our activities to innocuous things such as I teaching her English.
The worker hotel I stay in might be bugged but given it's minimal decoration it is unlikely bugged. I use various ruses when securing my bags and I have never detected them having been touched.
@ Anonymous Coward - Questions about the linked article.
- "The first thing that jumps out at you are the badges. ...
Remember. most Western visitors see the show case DPRK - what they want the West to think. I, however, go to places where few Foreigners are allowed to even see from the outside. People are people and the BS is quickly disposed of as soon as BS Senior Management goes away.
- "For men, it is compulsory to wear
People can only buy what is available in the stores - unless someone has remarkable sewing skills or access to a sewing machine.
I am now quite used to having people reach out and touch my clothes, my shoes and my skin - Foreigners are a very rare occurrence in centres outside the capital. I consider it an privilege to be able to share my life with my colleagues over there. I never abuse my privileges as the people who suffer are those supposed to be escorting you.
I am apolitical. I neither express an interest in their system, neither do I support it. But that is OK with them as they understand my position. During the first few visits I was treated as tourists are in the capital but since then we are what I consider 'friends'. My special friend, the guide/escort lady, has shared many things with me because she has good English communication skills.
Visiting people in their homes are one of the things that I treasure.
As for the InterNet, there are many restraints on it but it is available in most sizable communities. I can actually connect to the InterNet under the supervision of Senior Management when I urgently require technical information. It takes about two hours to get approval. I am not allowed to use e-mail.
@ John Brown (no body)
In actuality gifted people, women as well as men, are talent spotted and promoted to where their skills are most beneficial to the State.
I have witnessed in the client work centre where I go in the DPRK, several sharp people in their 20's have now risen above their typical scheduled promotion.
Check out: > https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oULO3i5Xra0 <.
I have worked in the DPRK repairing our companies equipment they purchased through government resellers.
Getting there requires a multiple-entry Chinese visa. I go through HongKong then use rail to the border. There are three border gates for non-tourists. Tourists have to travel to Pyongyang and Americans can only fly there from BeiJing.
As my DPRK visa states "Government Guest Worker" I can choose the gate nearest my destination - travel, food and accommodation is best on the Chinese side of the border. I prefer land travel - rail - as I usually have to carry test equipment. The DPRK trains I class as hard seat - worse than any aged UK train.
Since I am going to industrial DPRK I make sure I am well stocked with Chinese noodles as I don't like extremely spicy food. The DPRK customs inspection takes an age, uneducated inspectors gazing at awe at modern electronics. They seal my laptops - to be only opened at destination. Water-based glue is not very effective on plastic!
My visas are 'loose', stapled and not glued into my passport. (Glued visas are easily removed with acetone) This means I have deniability. Since I legally have several passports I leave China on one and enter the DPRK on another.
I have to be escorted, usually a female, from the border to the work centre. I have had the same female for the last several years, so we are now friends. Her English is excellent. I pack my equipment interiors with small, valuable, gifts to give away.
I carry large business cards on which is printed information about Canada and I give these to people who dare to shake hands and say 'Hello'! At the work centre things are very relaxed, but the food and accommodation is not good. They eat some very strange things!
There is a hunger for technical knowledge and we print out what I take since DPRK storage media is encoded and re-entering by hand circumvents these trackers. The customs might count SD chips but they can't count the contents! I usually leave
You can now use cell handsets in the DPRK - you buy a 'Foreigner' SIM that restricts your connections to other Foreigners and International calls. I use a multi-SIM Chinese handset and my customer gives me a DPRK resident SIM which allows me to contact DPRK users.
As I have been there numerous times over the past 7 years and my work place is somewhat distant from Pyongyang what I call the 'Communist bullsh*t' is more relaxed. The local techs invite me to their homes, along with my female guide. I often take my female guide, a widow with children, to dinner and she takes large 'doggy bags' home.
If any tech reader gets the opportunity to visit the DPRK - go. Just learn the rules. And leave whatever technical goodies behind as gifts when you leave. They appreciate even solder.
Also remember the DPRK gets bloody cold, as cold as Northern Canada, and the difference is they have minimal inside heating. Take warm clothes. Assume that there are no facilities there that you need for your work. And if you see a national entertainment group, such as the Moranbong Band (Moran Hill Orchestra) out in the regions, often there are only a few members of the main Orchestra there with back-ups picking up the slack.
it will continue to be granted contracts with the most supplier-serving terms. The same applies to G4S and the other back-handers.
I remember when the WD, yes the War Department, issued contracts and insisted that all the terms be met. What's with today's defence contractors?
And the worst thing is whilst these grafters are making a profit, UK military front-liners are paying the price.
the hard work has been done. But, as is often the case, the UK government wants to reinvent the wheel.
I live in an area of 'smart metering', albeit a trial area, and it's going really well.
There are two types of accounts: Prepaid and Post-paid. Thoughts of the coin fed gas and electric meters in the UK cross my mind.
And all usage activity is available through a multi-lingual website. Also available is a choice of power options and notifications with respect to reduced power cost.
There are bands of increasing pricing dependent on the total amount of power consumed but poor people who need (use) less than 100KWH monthly get a special rate. The Pre-Paid accounts are charged at this rate.
Payment is simple. All you have to do is locate a credit card swipe machine and the store will issue a top-up card (similar to prepaid cell handsets) in 100KWH amounts so the consumer can load their meter at their convenience. Post-paid accounts are paid similarly - just hand the store your plastic ID card, they swipe it and the terminal states the amount to be collected.
No fuss, no muss.
I guess the Tories want to involve their favourite government contractors so collections at election times continue unabated.
and with the forward canard delta wings of a Saab Gripen or a Eurofighter Typhoon grafted on; a visual mishmash of features from successful Western designs."
This might well have been caused because the hackers who copied the designs from the 'super secure' US defence industry mistakenly copied the wrong files.
The significant thing is the Chinese have achieved a remarkable milestone however they managed it.
More likely the existence of many international variances in electrical outlet standards will require small engineering and approvals changes.
Of course, British versions will cost more because of the excessively large monster plugs used there.
the accumulative effect will be substantial or complete deafness.
At that point in time no artificial aids will be needed and a good nights kip will have been achieved.
face the diminished influence and power of the country, only the Tories refuse to accept it. All those smoke filled clubs in London where aged, shriveled and wrinkled, former military types are still regaling each other with their fast fading memories of battles won long ago.
Likewise, Britain does not rule the InterNet and, factually, some of the greatest hackers are to be found far, far, to the East of the country. Britain can't even prosecute hackers based in this country and rely on others to do so.
Perhaps they will have GCHQ turn off the power to all the cables they are hooked into in the West country. But even that scheme is about to be thwarted as some countries plan new cable configurations that circumvent the UK.
And what of the War of the IoT Bots? Has GCHQ even figured that one out yet?
The only thing the government can lay claim to is that they were the first, and therefore the oldest, communications hackers in history. Britain, and the USA, have to accept their prowess is no longer what it was and that many other countries have superior skills to them.
Metro Plod, along with the MI Mob, the Border Plod and the US' FBI and DEA have vivid imaginations. They can turn almost any scenario into a 'terrorist' related activity.
As a frequent intercontinental traveller I experience many types of Plod, or Cops, who seem to have one thing in common - ignorance.
Because of the UK 4 years jail or your password, and possession of various publications which are legal in many jurisdictions, I do a clean reload of my smartphone OS as well as the few Apps essential to the purpose of my journey. As new installs there is no history to reveal my activities. Oh, there is one particularly distasteful porn movie which I use to persuade parents of noisy kids on flights to stay well clear of me. Works well for those seat mates who try to see my screen, too.
Often I am asked to show my smartphone to border security, in the West, and the fact I have no social media Apps, or pictures, seems to give them cause for concern. It's amusing to see their high tech whiz score a maiden over and discover zip on my handset even though I have PGP, Signal, Telegram, Tor, Onion and other suggestive Apps. I even have a software coding program mounted.
The 'offences' with which Samata Ullah is charged could equally be applied to myself and other innocent people. In years past train spotting was common, these days the Plod 'investigates' such juveniles.
I have trained people in the use of encryption software; I have researched many subjects that should make the hairs of a security type's neck go erect; I also have websites that are adverse to some Western nations interests. I even design circuitry for munitions applications.
But this doesn't mean I support ISIS, Daesh, the NRA, etc. What it DOES mean is that I value my privacy.
Likewise, my several (legal) passports have most visas removed (acetone loosens any glue) and the multitude of immigration stamps are largely obliterated. This excites the Passport Agency, but it still doesn't make me a ''terrorist'. I favour 'loose' visas, the type that is stapled in to your passport rather than glued. The reason is that the price of a larger UK passport is excessive and 'loose' visas extend the average life of my passport from a couple of years to maybe even 8.
Travel from certain geographic areas automatically rates you as a drug dealer/runner. By using a different passport to enter a Western country that doesn't have a 'drug' country as your last destination gets you past Customs expeditiously.
So you are screwed if you do and you are screwed if you don't - just because of the twisted minds of 'security' types.
The USA has chalked up an impressive number of wars and non-wars (undeclared military actions) that gives the impression the USA doesn't really give a damn about law. Especially under Bush Junior.
Torture, including waterboarding, is not legal under the Geneva Convention, yet did this stop these alleged military legal beagles from preventing aggression?
And what of overflights by drones - where do they get ATC (Air Traffic Control) clearance from? What of the late Freedom Fighter UBL who was killed by people entering Pakistan without passports, visas or any permission.
Seems there should be better legal sources around - like France, etc.
therefore, I wonder, why doesn't a little canary send off an e-mail to the intended DOJ victim saying Uncle Sam wants to look at your stuff? After all, National Security Letters only apply to US jurisdiction and if one US law is challenged, why not this?
The e-mail owner could then delete his account, and then MS could say: "Too late!"?
made in China - even British Army camo fatigues.
Little is confidential when exposed to the talents of the Chinese technicians in ShangHai.
I can get a 12-layer PCB analysed, copied and reproduced and returned in a few days. Want a copy of the software? Many chips can be mechanically opened and the contents acquired.
So all one need do is to buy a unit and have it broken down.
IP leakage is usually due to the greed of Western vendors who want to max out the profit by having products made in China. The Chinese government often requires that 'trade secrets' be handed over by Foreign manufacturers having product made in China.
'relevant authorities' and airlines have banned the Samsung device.
Given that this warning has been broadcast both loud and wide, most PAX would leave their little firebombs at home - rather than take them on a proposed flight.
I am keeping my employer-donated Note 7s (they live on my desk in lieu of a landline phone) but I did swap out the battery for a Panasonic unit.
From an engineering point of view, Samsung, in placing this battery sandwiched between layers of electronics, was an expensive compromise. Personally, I never buy equipment where batteries are inaccessible to the user.
To access the Samsung Note 7 battery I used a SMD workstation to heat up the glue holding the back panel. Then it is necessary to remove an electronics module (easy) to expose the battery. Finally, using non-metallic tools, and NO heat, it is possible to extract the battery.
The friendly Samsung service point I frequent (we have around 8 in Ho Chi Minh City/SaiGon alone), wouldn't take the battery out for me but the kindly provided a manual printout on how to complete the exercise.
Given that our white-haired friend is a guest of Ecuador, I personally think diddling with elections in any country is not helpful for democracy, especially in these circumstances. Democracy is an element in Wikileaks raison d'être.
I have thought even Snowden has pushed his luck on occasion, but at least he is smart enough not to mess with elections from his new home in Moscow.
In the meantime, GCHQ can save a little on the overtime, just like the London Plod did when their bills starting reaching double-digits in millions of Pounds/Dollars/Shekels.
In the USA most of the lower ranks of security are outsourced, but since Snowden, et al, they have been examining their procedures.
The US government keeps files on people that include juvenile 'criminal' offences.
A colleague at a US company was 'government security cleared' and was a trouble shooter on sophisticated computer equipment. He was called out to sort out a problem at some nuclear facility that was guarded by the Secret Service.
In order to enter he had to be positively identified (fingerprints) and a computerised check run on him. As he waited in the parking lot for the OK, he was approached by two armed Secret Service types who told him to leave.
His employer was advised he had 'had a juvenile criminal record' - which are supposed to be sealed court records. He had broken some greenhouse windows. His employer said it was my friend or no one, who could fix their problems.
Two days later the plant called up and said my friend could return, and be admitted, as the problem had bee 'expunged'!
So much for security!
A friend who designed encryption chips used in secure terminals was awarded a contract for some government work.
He had lived aboard a well appointed boat bought with the proceeds of an earlier venture. He queried what answers to give on the 'vetting' form vis-a-vis employment, addresses resided at, etc. Since he was essentially self-employed, a high tech "rolling stone", he was advised to have a friend say that he was employed by them.
I, the 'employer' friend, was later contacted by some form of Plod who started asking various questions. I cut the man short and said instead of wasting my time, just e-mail me the questions and I'll check my records.
A couple of weeks later, after an appropriate delay, I emailed my response: "Looks good to me".
My friend has been working away and is now on the fourth extension of the contract.
The whole exercise was bureaucratic bullsh*t, they were buying his knowledge and skills and could hardly fail him, a single source vendor!
Susan Bor these days?
Any devices (rockets, ships, etc) that contain US products are subject to use with US authorisation only.
It's how the USA controls aircraft sales to countries it doesn't like.
The Trident missile is a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) equipped with multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRV) and are sold to the UK in accordance with the 1963 Polaris Sales Agreement, as amended. It was originally developed by Lockheed Missiles and Space Corporation. The four Royal Navy Vanguard-class submarines have British warheads.
Here in VietNam, imported American and Japanese cars are fitted with all these electronic wonders as well as the necessary cell system interface. For various reasons many of these things spend all their lives going 'Allo; 'Allo because of cell system interfacing problems.
It is common practice for VNese car mechanics to disable these devices before delivery.
I wonder if this Big Plod realises that cars fitted with GM OmniTrak already have this feature in the OmniTrak and is often used by the American cops?
Besides, London's Met has it's own one-man car disabling man, one PC Savage of Camden. < https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEjWUClQXZg > < https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BO8EpfyCG2Y&feature=youtu.be >.
His type is why I carry a small squeezy bottle of Chinese chilli oil - the darker the better! Works wonders in focusing people's attentions.
soldiers who have died over the decades in order to protect citizen's freedoms.
Then bLIAR, Blunkett and May are born and make the Gestapo or KGB look like pussy cats.
The British system of using magistrates or Plod, even, to impose such penalties is completely wrong. In civilised countries magistrates usually handle only traffic tickets. Even worse is the practice of judges verbally abusing miscreants who have no means of defending themselves, without the penalty of contempt.
Ignoring the fact that cell handsets can be traced, or most airport lines are recorded, it is common practice amongst many air carriers that late arrivals, etc. are NOT boarded following a bomb, or other threat.
Kelowna is a city in the Okanagan Valley, in the south of Canada’s British Columbia. It’s somewhat being on a remote shore of Okanagan Lake, surrounded by provincial parks, pine forest, vineyards, orchards and mountains.
If they put the guy on a No Fly list, he would have a long way to drive ... anywhere!
require that they be filled.
Older people can get away with murder, so to speak. They aren't quite sure what social media is. So confuse the ICE men:
http://wickedspatula.com; www.dogforum.com; http://www.birdforum.net.
But remember, lying to a US Federal official is a felony - so at least sign up.
You'll be denied entry on the grounds that you are a morality risk to the gentle folk who inhabit that country.
The ICE types who greet you on arrival call it "Moral Turpitude", that is a legal concept in the United States that refers to "conduct that is considered contrary to community standards of justice, honesty or good morals.
Plan on never re-entering.
this marriage appears to be a good match.
Shhh ... you ask too many intelligent based questions.
Remember, these are make work programs and this is undoubtedly designed for another expensive upgrade.
is neither technical nor a cop. He was the United States Deputy Attorney General from December 2003 to August 2005 under Bush 2.
Memory swapping has been available in ShangHai for years - and around USD$100.
I use Metability QuickFix. It’s a small, free program that will wipe the GPS data from photos you have.
With a a smartphone camera you can delete their GPS coordinates, by opening the Camera app and hunt through its settings until you find the Location option. Different places on different smartphones. With Android phones alone, manufacturers heavily customize the Camera App, even from phone to phone.
iPhone, you’ll need to open the Location Services configuration pane and disable location access for the Camera app.
QUOTE: "BriteCloud detects RF emissions and cross-references them against its pre-programmed threat library. Upon finding a match, the decoy applies advanced algorithms and emits a deception signal to defeat the threat radar and incoming missile.”
We must agree with our enemies they won't make changes to their transmitted patterns OR to switch to laser guidance for the last few seconds. Then it might work.
If by 'Precision Guided 500lb Bomb' you are referring to laser guided, more accurately laser marked target bombs, they are only as accurate as their markers.
The target is identified by the laser carrying marker being identified using a 4-digit number entered by the pilot. This number is conveyed to the bomber pilot who dials it in to the ''Precision Guided 500lb Bomb". The bomb ignores all other 4-digit identifiers.
The alternative can be infra-red markers placed around/near by ground based accomplices OR a laser target marking system. These are often referred to as Ground Laser Target Designator (GLTD) and are used in conjunction with Paveway bombs and Hellfire missiles.
The transmitted marker is from a Nd:YAG laser with a wavelength of 1.064 micrometres (3.93701e-5 inches) and a pulse energy energy of up to 80 Millijoules (0.0010 watt seconds). They are good for -32 degrees C to +45 degrees C operation.
Unaligned nations are using IR receivers that decode the marker signal and transmit the codes, in real time, to alternative IR decoy markers which then become the target for the incoming weapons, thereby rendering the 'Precision Guided 500lb Bomb' less ineffective.
So much for 'precision'.
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