Re: Is this just an English thing ?
Well, in urban speech it may have dropped out by Stuart times. But assuming that one can trust Thomas Hardy on dialect, not in parts of the countryside:
At home in the barton, you said "thee" and "thou"
"The Ruined Maid": https://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/poems/ruined-maid
The only folks I know of who brought "thee" and "thou" into the 20th Century on religious grounds were the Quakers.