The key point of the piece?
There are a lot of interesting comments above, but mostly about the ultimate outcomes.
However it's already apparent that Kat Hall's main point is valid. Many anti-ICE pollution initiatives to date are simply centred on charging money for the privilege of carrying on as normal (emissions zones for example). All that really does is restrict the freedoms of the poor, and in some cases it can cause real hardship. A guy I know had his small business fold because his local council imposed a massively unaffordable daily charge for keeping his diesel van on the road, just because of its age - not because of its emissions, which were within legal spec.