Re: Allocated spectrum
It doesn't matter if it's a state owned monopoly (Network Rail) or a private monopoly (OpenReach). Monopolies are bad - end of.
Interesting point. Network Rail seems broadly analogous to OpenReach but the former was renationalised. While state-owned has issues, that doesn't necessarily make it worse. Though it doesn't mean it wouldn't be, either, but I think that example shows it's more nuanced than you imply.