Re: STEM question
Hi - I work in STEM and am a researcher in a different field, one of my team was a researcher in this field though.
1) Yes electric is significantly more energy efficient over the life cycle than petrol. This article covers it in a good easy to read way:
2) Yes - It has much lower C02 release and other greenhouse gas, and the mineral extraction 'damage' for the current lithium batteries is within the normal range for mineral extraction (e.g. similar to iron or copper mining, both of which are used in petrol cars). Link to point 1 & point 2 here:
3) Yes, ICE cars have been linked to poisoning in traffic, as well as quite major health effects in cities.