"More accurately, payments using phone NFC are vastly more secure than cards during the transaction, mainly due to the use of one-time tokens preventing any possibility of cloning or really copying anything relevant at all."
Exactly the same mechanism is used in a card. The difference is that the card number from a plastic card can generally also be used outside the phone (internet, MOTO) whereas that from a phone cannot. But the number itself is the same from transaction to transaction - it's the cryptogram, not the card number, that is tied to an individual transaction.
"Once you've notified your bank that your card is missing any liability for fraudulent use falls on them, so they're very good at dealing with such reports."
And the same with the phone, if you tell your bank it's missing.