I had a problem when trying to reinstall Windows on a laptop that only had USB 3.0 ports. None of them were accepted (the USB stick failed to boot on any of them). It seemed like UEFI limitation.
Luckily, I had USB 2.0 ports on the docking station and it booted without a hitch from them.
What I haven't tried is disabling USB 3.0 in UEFI setup. I suppose this has to be a potential solution, but it only occurred to me after I have already installed the OS, and I also haven't tried a USB 3.0 stick in a USB 3.0 port.
It failed to boot live Linux USB sticks as well, though, not just Windows.