Re: Paternalistic, undoubtedly, but colonialist?
I find this distinction to be quite like that between marxism, socialism, and communism: of real interest only to academics who would argue about how many angels can dance on the head of a pin. In both cases the root cause is such that for practical purposes there is no difference. Thus making the distinction is of use only to those who wish to distract from the immorality of the underlying assumptions.
And yes, in India I'd expect that to the extent there is a differentiation, it will be lost because of it's history. But that's another outcome of the marxist/socialist/communist worldview.