Try and see what happens when Chrome hits the Steam Community Market pages which eventually cause the "redirect loop" message to appear.
I guarantee that no matter how many times you clear cookies or whatever, it will come back eventually.
And there is NO way to configure how many HTTP redirects you want to allow, or turn it off, or access the page when it decides it's redirected too much. And there have been bugs open for years for exactly this problem.
Sadly, this also infects every Chrome-based browser (Vivaldi, etc.), which is probably why the Steam in-built browser is actually WebKit.