"......Militias do not drill. They do not train and they do not have standing membership....." Correct. The English were the first to impose actual training by law on militias, with the requirement that bowmen had to practice weekly. Other medieval countries, such as France, simply called up all the available men without any standardized training. The results can be seen in Agincourt, but strangely enough the Continentals still didn't introduce proper militia training over the next few hundred years, preferring to go the later route of conscription. The local militias at the time of the War of Independence often rolled into battle with no set training, simply following the direction of their local leader, against Redcoats at least used to drilling and volley-fire tactics.