NASA had, of course, planned to use the upgraded rocket to ferry components for its Lunar Gateway mini-space-station into orbit around the Moon. With the additional power now pushed to some unspecified point in the future, there is scope for commercial outfits, such as SpaceX, to take on more of that transportation duty.
Even if the US Space Agency was less than keen on the idea back in 2018.
As for the Lunar Gateway itself, the budget envisages getting the first module of the station into orbit around the Moon by 2022, with a power and propulsion unit going up first, and habitation and logistics elements following soon after. Crew could stay aboard the outpost from 2024, according to the proposal.
Quite unlikely to happen. The entire point of Lunar Gateway was as a payload for SLS to launch and in support of the asteroid redirect project (another - now-dead - SLS-project), which is why it uses an utterly bizarre orbit. It was designed as a project that SLS - and only SLS - could fulfil, therefore justifying the further funding and development of the Senate Launch System. Which is why NASA hates it. They get stuck with a very expensive Lunar Station that's not actually much use for anything.
If SLS (or the SLS upgrade) doesn't happen, Lunar Gateway won't happen - at least not in its current incarnation. What we might (hopefully!) get is a sensible staging post at the Earth-Moon L1 point which Lunar Landers or Transfer Vehicles can come and go from, along with other Deep Space Vehicles (e.g. Mars transfer vehicles). Probably provided cost-effectively by the private sector (SpaceX/BO/Bigelow) on a similar basis to the Commercial Crew programme.
And we need to remember that the whole thing starts to look decidedly under-specced if Musk is successful in launching >100 people at a time on StarShip by 2025-30.
Architectures built around 4-7 person capsules will become a bit cramped rather rapidly!