back to article EU to accuse Ireland of giving Apple an overly peachy tax deal – report

The European Commission is set to accuse Apple of profiting from unlawful state aid from Ireland thanks to the sweet tax deals the firm has enjoyed for the last 20 years, a newspaper has reported. Sources whispered to The Financial Times reported (behind its paywall) that the EC’s antitrust authority will this week reveal some …

  1. Steve Davies 3 Silver badge

    Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

    At the present time, they'd be foolish to do so.

    They have a deal with a democratically elected Government. The US has a beef with said Gov over that deal. Until the Gov and the EU come to some agreement, then it is (And so it should be) not a matter for Apple or Microsoft or Adobe or Starbucks etc etc etc.

    Apple might renegociate the deal with the Eire Gov or it might move to another EU Country (queue for EU cycle to start all over again)

    But this is really a matter between the EU and the Soverign (or not if you are a UKIP fan) Goverment.

    Personally, I'd like the EU to win here. Then Google might not get away with their slight of hand in the UK over where their orders are placed despite their salesteams being in the UK, paid in GBP and signing the contracts in the UK etc etc etc.

    A more level playing field (are you listeneing Luxembourg....) would help all round.

    The companies are just trying to get the best deals for their Shareholders. Nowt wrong with that.

    1. Anonymous Coward
      Anonymous Coward

      Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

      This is indeed a matter of State Aids and whether or not the bounds have been exceeded. It is quite different from the separate issue of whether the US government should permit Apple's current tax arrangements.

      Eire has basically repurposed itself as a tax haven, not totally successfully. They have presumably got away with it because they are small and the EU core countries don't want to be seen as bullying them. But times have changed and really it is time, as you say, that the EU (and the US) cleaned up their acts on a taxation system which means that your local shop pays far more tax as a percentage than does a large corporation. The original idea of the level playing field has been lobbied and bribed out of existence, and it's time for the pendulum to swing back.

    2. james 68

      Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

      "But this is really a matter between the EU and the Soverign (or not if you are a UKIP fan) Goverment."

      You realise that Ireland and Northern Ireland are totally different right? Where UKIP have some very definite opinions on Northern Ireland they have nothing to say on the subject of Ireland, which is as it should be considering that Ireland is a separate sovereign nation and in no way falls under UKIPs purview or any British political purview for that matter unlike Northern Ireland which is a territory of the United Kingdom (though not part of Great Britain).

      1. Anonymous Coward
        Anonymous Coward

        Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

        He wasn't saying that at all. He was using the term "Sovereign[sic] Government" to refer to the Government of Eire, which is correct, and he was alluding to the fact that UKIP say that the EU has destroyed national sovereignty in EU states, which is correct. Nowhere did he say that the UK owned the Eire government.

        The issue of State Aids is between the EU and national governments. If the Aid is found to be illegal Eire will have to try to get it back from Apple (long sarcastic guffaw) or try and find it themselves (even longer sarcastic guffaw.) Quite honestly, it couldn't happen to a nicer collection of crooks and accountants.

    3. Jah

      Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

      And their employees benefits from security, social, transport and health services. These need to be paid for through the various tax systems, not just national insurance and income tax! All rules have "bugs" which means there will always be a way around them. No rule book can cover all circumstances. The basic concept is that we all pay taxes for national services that we all benefit from, unless you are Apple, Google, Starbucks etc

      1. John Robson Silver badge

        Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

        "No rule book can cover all circumstances"

        Yes it can - it just needs to be made simpler than the tomes which are currently provided to define tax law.

        1. Jah

          Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

          Obviously not involved in testing software! Why do you think software (rules) always have bugs?

        2. Anonymous Coward
          Anonymous Coward

          Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

          Or the law on State Aids.

          Amazon UK top of list

          The one coming out later this year is even more expensive. You practically need a State Aid just to afford the books.

    4. jonathanb Silver badge

      Re: Not surprised that Apple didn't respond

      Apple never respond to enquiries from EL Reg. That is a standard footnote at the bottom of fruit related articles in this organ.

  2. Marvin O'Gravel Balloon Face

    "In the current context of tight public budgets..."

    These people need a reality check. Despite all the austerity measures, public spending in Ireland is three times what it was in 1997.

    1. Anonymous Coward
      Anonymous Coward

      Re: "In the current context of tight public budgets..."

      Statistics always lag behind but if we take the time period 1994 to 2011 time Irish GDP increased by more than three times which puts a slightly different perspective on a three times growth in expenditure from 1997 to date. Expenditure inceaases in line with income - shock.

    2. Slx

      Re: "In the current context of tight public budgets..."

      GDP per capita increased by 4.1 times over the same period (over 5 times in 2008).

      Public expenditure as a % of GDP is what matters. Not the raw figures. Taking Ireland back to 1997 levels of public expenditure would cause social collapse like you saw in Greece.

      That didn't happen and the economy's showing the strongest growth in Europe at the moment.

  3. Anonymous Coward
    Anonymous Coward

    IRIP here we come..

    No. not another routing protocol, the 'get Ireland out of the EU' party.. ;-)

    Suddenly US megacorps pour money into national independence parties as EU tax laws splinters into a race to the bottom...

    Irish Republican Independence Party. Oh what IRony...

  4. Anonymous Coward
    Anonymous Coward


    It's time to harmonise corporation taxes across the E.U.

    Ireland, Luxembourg etc might complain, but they don't have much power.

    1. Steve Mw

      Re: Harmonisation

      It most certainly is not. The last thing we need is harmonised taxes and it's not going to happen outside of the Euro countries.

      What is needed is the end of the - EU sanctioned - arrangements where a company can domicile itself in one EU country and then pay all of it's corporation tax in that country. Rather, these companies (all of them, not just Apple or Google or Starbucks) pay tax in the country that the profit was made and not be able to claim that they made no profit in the UK because their nasty Irish (or Lux or wherever) parent company charged them lots for stock

      1. gbru2606

        Re: Harmonisation

        The City of London might be a little worried by your remarks. The UK hosts the global headquarters for many multinational companies that have minimal operations, or sales, inside of the UK. Likewise, what will happen to the UK's offshore banking system?

        1. Anonymous Coward
          Anonymous Coward

          Re: Harmonisation

          I can't think why they'd be worried, the UK corporate tax is about average. If the EU rates were harmoised the higher rate coutries would have to cut it, the lower rate countries would raise it and we would stay about the same. As a major business center more business would be attracted to the UK because there would no longer be an incentive to locate in Beneluxir

      2. DougS Silver badge

        @Steve Mw

        That's a great idea in theory, but how are you going to decide what "lots" is, and what a fair transfer price should be?

        If it was that simple, it would have been done that way when the EU was formed. But different countries have different costs for labor, energy, production/importation of raw materials, etc. so it was never going as cut and dried as you seem to wish it would be.

      3. Anonymous Coward
        Anonymous Coward

        Re: Harmonisation

        When you have a large multinational organisation with loads of subsidiaries it's impossible to define any law that would adequately apportion the profits across the different companies and countries.

        If, for example, UK Starbucks purchase expensive coffee beans from their own subsidiary based on the other side of the world and the bean producing company makes a profit but the UK branch does not, do you really think some bean counter in Whitehall can devise a law that would fix a price for beans that would force them to make a profit in the UK? Who on earth can set a fair price for Starbucks coffee beans?

  5. ratfox Silver badge

    Is it even relevant?

    That I understand, Apple hardly pays anything to Ireland anyway, thanks to its double Irish Dutch sandwich… 2% or 20% of nothing is still nothing.

    1. DougS Silver badge

      Re: Is it even relevant?

      They've actually paid billions to Ireland, because "hardly anything" of the many billions they've made over the years (especially in recent years) adds up to real money.

      The reason Ireland did this in the first place was to attract just this sort of trade in companies running their taxes through Ireland. Better to take a small bite of something than a large bite of nothing.

  6. johnnymotel

    for a more balanced understanding

    1. Squander Two

      Re: for a more balanced understanding

      You'd think, since Tim writes for The Reg twice a week and is an expert on this sort of thing, they might have dropped him a quick mail to check if this was bollocks before publishing it.

  7. werdsmith Silver badge

    If its OK for Renault, PSA-Peugeot-Citroen and Airbus to receive unlawful state aid then surely it must be ok for the astute Irish. I hope Irish government stands up and tells EU to feck off and get their own house in order.

    1. Anonymous Coward
      Anonymous Coward


      The loan they received was peanuts compared to what Apple has saved by "locating" to Eire, and peanuts compared to what Boeing has had in overpriced military contracts. From a document published by Maastrich university:

      "It is evident that in the absence of state aid measures, Airbus would exist today in a much different form, if at all. Without being held artificially alive, the Airbus Consortium could not have achieved to become global market share leader in the LCA industry. Its American counterpart was obviously not pleased with Airbus’ increasing competitive pressure and started proceedings before the WTO’s dispute settlement body in 2004, claiming that Airbus had received illegal subsidies.

      In how far is Boeing actually right with its claim? From an industrial policy perspective, it seems rather legitimate for the EU to aim at industrial competitiveness, growth and job creation."

      In short, State Aids for Airbus promoted competition in the world aircraft industry and boosted the EU economy, rather than giving a profit boost to a US company. Airbus is an enormous European success story. Is that why you don't like it?

  8. Carbon life unit 5,232,556

    This is where IScotland

    Could've cleaned up

    1. All names Taken
      Paris Hilton

      Re: This is where IScotland

      Yes, they could have said to intel, MS, Dell, inovo, woteva, ... come to Scotland and you will pay no more than 2% tax.

      Yes, shame iScotland does not exist - it could set some excellent examples for the 21st C.

  9. knarf

    Win Win for Ireland

    If they are forced to Tax Apple say...20% then they get $billions, if they don't they still get 2% for doing dam all.

    1. Anonymous Coward
      Anonymous Coward

      Re: Win Win for Ireland

      Until Apple open their new headquarters in some even smaller and more banana shaped country, or Uncle Sam decides that, if they are now going to have to pay tax, it might as well go to Washington.

      1. jonathanb Silver badge

        Re: Win Win for Ireland

        The thing is that as Ireland is part of the EU, they can easily move their money there. Most countries levy withholding taxes on money transferred to offshore tax havens. Ireland does not, so they move it to the tax haven via Ireland.

  10. TeeCee Gold badge

    Squeeze 'em 'til the pips squeak...

  11. Slx

    Well if we're going to get the house in order, lets do it right!

    City of London on the chopping board for a start.

    The French car industry and aerospace industry.

    Full audit of everyone's effective corporation tax, including Germany on its own businesses.

    Very few countries can really be too heavily critical.

    I think what Apple and others are doing is quite frankly taking the %%%% however Ireland's #actual# low corporation tax rate is fair enough.

    It's still an attractive location : English speaking, full Euro member, similar business culture and legal structure to the US and UK, access to huge pool of talent via local graduates and business friendly visa system and one of the most flexible and productive workforces in the EU.

    Let's face it, you'd want to be bonkers to locate in certain EU countries due to incredibly inflexible labour laws etc

    Apple and others are exploiting a loophole in both Irish and US tax law and declaring income elsewhere entirely.

    The EU really doesn't have a mandate to harmonise tax rates. If it does enter that territory it would need total restructuring to make it fully democratically accountable which would need the European Commission replaced with some kind of Euro Senate and the parliament given a lot more power.

    Without that, they're really straying into areas outside the treaties.

    Also to say the Irish or other small countries don't have power in the EU is really not true.

    Many further treaties can only be passed with agreement of the Irish people by referendum. If they think Brussels has screwed them over, nothing will pass ever again. That's a VERY big stick

  12. DougS Silver badge

    Jurisdiction shopping

    This is a problem anytime you have different governmental bodies competing for tax revenue. It becomes a race to the bottom as undercutting what the "other guys" charge is worth it if you can get enough extra to make up what you lose from who you already have.

    You even see this down to the local level. Not long ago where I live a large department store was induced to move from the mall in the town where I live to a new development in a suburb. It moved about 5 miles and got $15 million in property tax breaks to do so. It was worth it for the suburb, as even with the tax break they're getting a lot of tax revenue they wouldn't otherwise. Of course, next time my town might give a tax break to get someone to move from the suburb, and if it continues this behavior will destroy the large commercial tax base in both places and put more of the burden on residential property taxes - I'm certainly not seeing any offers for tax breaks if I build a house in the suburb and move there!

    That's the problem with this - only the big boys can play. A small business, if even able to take advantage of the tax break Apple/Google/Microsoft/Intel/etc. do in Ireland, couldn't afford the overhead of accounting and legal expenses to make sure they're moving all the money around in the right ways and complying with any little changes in the law in Ireland or other EU countries.

    The only solution is a government larger than the competing governments stepping in to prevent this. If my state government made a law banning this type of inducement, there won't be a war of attrition that reduces the commercial tax break and favors larger businesses over smaller ones that won't receive such inducements. If the EU banned the type of arrangement Apple et al have they'd prevent the possibility of another country coming along and undercutting Ireland's deal by providing them even lower taxes elsewhere.

    On a nation versus nation standpoint, where there is no larger government, such as for instance USA vs Japan vs China, you have to hope market forces work because that's all you have to rely on. Where the market fails (and while Randians refuse to acknowledge the possibility, markets do indeed fail where there is not a truly level playing field, which is more often than not the case) you have to hope the outcome isn't too suboptimal.

    1. James 100

      Re: Jurisdiction shopping

      "It becomes a race to the bottom as undercutting what the "other guys" charge is worth it if you can get enough extra to make up what you lose from who you already have."

      That doesn't sound like a bad thing, or any different from other areas of competition: if, say, O2 offer me a cheaper mobile tariff, I'll jump - or get Three to match it as a retentions deal. There's a limit to how low either telco will go since they don't want to take a bath on it, but the end result is that we reach a price where neither of us is getting ripped off. Not a race to "the bottom" - just a race to the best price for both sides.

      Even as regular individuals it happens now to some extent, particularly on a local level with council tax levels - just as it should: we can each make our own choices about levels of tax and spending.

      1. DougS Silver badge

        Re: Jurisdiction shopping

        It is a bad thing when it transfers commercial property taxes to residential, and large businesses transfer property taxes to small businesses.

        When O2 offers you a cheaper mobile tariff, the money they lose giving you a discount doesn't have to be involuntarily made up by someone else. So no, it isn't the same thing at all.

  13. All names Taken
    Paris Hilton

    Chopping blox?


    All that the residents of a nation may wish and hope for is that their nation has reasonable tax system(s)?

    It must - as in M-U-S-T - be screamingly obvious that every person in that nation is likely to agree to a minuscule increase in taxation just to keep me well paid and unjustifiably rewarded?

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