The internet is just as vital to people in the country as it is in the city. What's your problem?
A House of Lords committee this week declared that British taxpayers must foot the bill for an internet that nobody wants - unless perhaps they have a second home in the country. You may have caught the highlights of this report yesterday, and some observations are accurate: Britain's broadband is slower than its rivals. But …
a) is it vital, as in as essential as air and water and electricity
Or is it only vital because other services such as post offices and mobile libraries have been cut?
b) does it bring the benefit the lords claim to the economy
the report implies that our be-furred second chamber is either widely optimistic, or under stating the benefit. (Or they really don't know, and just picked the avergae figure)
People in the country pay for broadband too but why should we pay ten times as much for one tenth the speed as a city person? (even assuming we can even get that)
Broadband is infrastructure as much as roads, electricity or telephones and it's the government's job to make sure the infrastructure is there, not just in the profitable locations.
The system costs X dollars to build across the country and there is Y people so the cost X / Y
I could apply your argument to say country areas don't deserve electricity, phones or hospitals as well. It's a crap argument.
> That people in the city pay for their own broadband and now are being asked to pay for somebody else's.
I live in the country. Over the years I've paid bucketloads of money to BT. Seems to me that BT has spent the bulk of that money in the cities (because it can make the best return there). Who's been subsidising who?
Surely this is a foreward-looking proposal, based on where the world is headed and not what people happen to like now? Mobile internet usage is ballooning, the number of net-connected devices is exploding, TV watching is.. um..
So yeah, free up the airwaves for the internet. People managed to move from analogue to digital, I'm sure they'll manage to go from aerial to DSL. It's not like it's going to happen next year, so the tech should be ready for it by then, and video will probably be considered a low-bandwidth thing too.
Besides, a lot of people (especially in the high-tech sectors) can work from home now. I can see that increasing. And a lot of them choose to do so from the country. All you need is a fast internet link (although a stable electricity supply is probably higher up the list).
Written from my armchair looking out at open fields full of cows :) (And I have a respectable link here already at >6mbit, so no accusing me of pushing to get this rushed through for my own benefit. That stable electric supply though, that I definitely want!)
Yep, I can imagine all the old people who don't even know what the f*ck DSL is just lining up to be reamed by the likes of BT just so they can watch via a cable what they used to be able to just tune in to. TV is well suited to the medium currently used to broadcast it - having to pay a license fee is punishment enough and you believe we should then have to pay for fast broadband on top?
Add on to that the mobile providers don't deserve any more of the spectrum until they bother covering the country properly with what they have. I was recently unfortunate enough to travel to Portsmouth city centre. No 3G reception in the middle of the place and about 2 bars of 2G, f*cking disgraceful in 2012. Even when you can get a 3G connection the backhaul is so pathetic it's like downloading a webpage on dialup.
As for tech workers being able to work from home, I'd love to however the World seem full of luddites in middle and upper management that consider that if you aren't in the office you must be sat around scratching your nuts watching TV. You must have stumbled onto the ones with brains. Lucky you.
I know that lord-bashing creates a juicy headline, but I think the analysis here is well off the mark.
There are lots of poor people who live in rural areas. Improved access to the Net will provide more scope for enterprise - heck, even if they spend their time selling stuff on eBay - and with it increased prosperity for rural areas.
Our economy will surely work best if all of our land is utilised to its maximum potential. Leaving vast tracts of that land as areas that cannot properly participate in the 21st century is a recipe for disaster. If we want people to live in that land, we need to ensure that they have - amongst other things - good Net access.
"There are lots of poor people who live in rural areas. Improved access to the Net will provide more scope for enterprise - heck, even if they spend their time selling stuff on eBay - and with it increased prosperity for rural areas."
So the rural poor are sitting on mountains of valuable posessions that they could only shift with access to Ebay? What are you on?
Spending billions connecting sparsely populated rural areas won't magic up yet more billions from previously stifled entrepreneurs (of the stay at home, not very enterprising type). What it will do is crowd out more sensible uses of the cash, the best of which include may well be not spending it at all.
As you're clearly a believer in the magic of infrastructure, perhaps you should look at how the Channel Tunnel was justified on fictious benefits and over-optimistic traffic forecasts, resulting in about £5bn being written off. Not learning from this, the bunglers of government underwrote the UK HS1 link, result, another £5bn of debt hung round the UK taxpayers neck. And now the same criminals are hoping to saddle us with many more billions of debt for the ill-begotten HS2.
Moving information faster is just like moving people faster - just because you can do it doesn't mean it makes financial sense to do so.
Dear city dwellers, I offer a deal. If I can get decent broadband - and I shan't be greedy, 2 meg would do - nor am I asking for this for free, just the opportunity to be able to buy it - then I'll stop clogging up your roads commuting into the office. Think of investment into rural broadband as investment into city traffic reduction instead.
Not quite a fail. The money would come from mobile users. i.e. those benefiting from the increased spectrum. So not from people who stand to gain nothing, but from people who are directly benefitting.
If you think about it, its a pretty logic train of thought. Move TV to IP, to do this you need very near universal ftth and significant investment in the backbone. The benefit of ending broadcast tv is a large chunk of attractive and useful spectrum. The people who want / need this are the folks who really should be paying for it.
As for how it will change bills, I pay less these days for mobile \ cell phone bills then I ever did in the past and I get more. 3g (and the associated spectrum sale) didn't kill my bank account.
This is probably one of least out of touch ideas the gin soaked coma patients have managed to come up with.
"The money would come from mobile users"
In return for what? As a ball park figure, we appear to be talking about around £30bn, and that's around £1,000 a household for the entire UK, or a smaller number of households paying a lot more. Who needs the TV spectrum, and for what? On the one hand you are mooting that mobile has got cheaper (which in like for like terms I accept), and yet you say that some proportion of the population will pony up an extra £30bn.
"The people who want / need this are the folks who really should be paying for it."
We agree! Huzzah! But you to judge by the conversation in this and other related threads, the rural dwellers most certainly don't want to pay for their broadband at cost. So if they won't, why will mobile users be any different?
On the first point, people who want more and faster mobile data.
I like the way you reduced it to a solid figure, I wish I was at a desktop to pull up some more solid figures but I would suggest the maths would run like this.
1000 over 5 years. Say on average each house hold has TV, 1 broadband connection and one contract cellphone. The TV network doesn't need to maintain a physical broadcast network so theres a saving. Part of the cost would be covered in your physical internet connection and part in your mobile bill.
So 16-17 per month per household. However, part of that they would have already paid for anyway. Either to their telco for vdsl upgrades then vdls 2 then vdsl 3, or to their mobile telco for them to roll out lte etc etc.
I'm not saying the idea is perfect, just that it does seem to make a degree of sense. Considerably more sense than normal. TV gets the ability to scale significantly to 4k or 8k, perhaps even the ability to pay extra for less compressed footage (great for sports). Everyone who wants it gets faster fixed and mobile broadband and the physical infrastruture makes a jump it should have 20 years ago.
I don't see this strictly as fibre for sheep, but rather a larger picture that leaves quite a few people with several better services.Yes there is a cost, but how much of it would they have paid out anyway for inferior services in that time?
I'd agree people want more and more data, and faster. But there's a couple of fundamental problems.
First is that economic demand is a desire for something backed by an ability and a willingness to pay. At the moment no company believes that there's a queue of people waving a total of £30 bn in cash. And having extensive experience in infrastructure programme management, I'm inclined to agree with them.
Second is that many of the "give us a gigabit" demands for broadband seem to assume near limitless demand for speed and content. We've seen similar presumptions of limitless demands in the transport sector - look at the tumbleweed strewn Humber Bridge, the empty M50, the under utilisation of the Channel Tunnel link, the same nonsense being used to justify airport expansions. There's certainly a baseline of rising demand in many of these situations, but it is rather foolhardy to extrapolate previous fast growth and restricted capacity forward, as the transport examples show. OFCOM and the Lords are apparently fervent believers in the idea that broadcast TV will be dead in due course, and it will become TV over IP, but that's a very big gamble, with some potentially troublesome outcomes as casual audiences dry up, and low and mid level popularity content disappears. If VOD/Youtube is the future of TV, then it is going to be a very grim future. I'd accept the idea that VOD sits alongside scheduled broadcast, but it looks to me as though those in charge are quite happy to sweep aside scheduled broadcasting altogether.
Regarding the £1,000 per household, that's the capital cost. In practical terms that's probably going to involve a lot of borrowing, so factor in some interest, then you need to factor in a commercial return on the investment, and we're probably talking about £25 per month. And why do I want to pay this? I have 100Mbit capable cable (and even then only using and paying for 10Mbit), which I'm happily paying for without any subsidy. Why would I want to pay an extra £25 a month for ever, in order for smock-wearers to have super fast access to agricultural dating sites?
Taking some of your examples, I can't abide sport. But those who want it can currently subscribe to Sky. Why make everybody pay for something that's currently fairly widely available for those who wish to buy it? As for 8k TV, we're then talking about replacing every set top box, PVR and TV in the land, when there's no content for it. I know you're alluding to the longer term, but look at Blu ray. That hasn't been a stunning success, with most people more than happy with a conventional HDTV and DVD with upscaling. In music, the move has been from quality to convenience, with hi-fi now a real niche interest, and the masses delighted with low bit rate MP3s, even where they do have broadband that could cope with uncompressed content.
So again, "just because we can" isn't a good argument for spending this sort of money, nor for effectively funding it from tax. I'm quite happy with modest government support to identify better ways of providing better rural broadband at realistic cost, but I'm not happy with a vast investment in optimistic "build and they will come" infrastructure that will never pay off. Is that really unreasonable?
Thanks again for a good reasoned reply. You are right 30bn is beyond most companies bar perhaps the likes of Vodafone or maybe a petrochem or mining company. I think thats where the government leadership comes from. I believe Australia is actually doing something similar.
I agree that often you shouldnLt do something just because you can. Sometimes you should, going to the moon, concorde, the iss are fine examples of hideously expensive things that were fine examples of what mankind can do. Sadly our legacy seems likely to be going to Asda in your pj's. However, a nationwide fibre network isn't something that should be built on anything other than a solid financial footing. On this we agree it would seem!
Is there a financial justification without resorting to % gdp voodoo. Perhaps.
I mentioned sport because it was the first thing to come to mind as an example of how the current digital tv offerings (freeview, freesat, sky and virgin) all suffer from piss poor quality due to overcompression. Going to sky won't help, we have reached a point where we want to send more information then we can without compromising quality. To improve quality we need more capacity to the viewer.
You mention replacing stb's etc. This is pretty much my point. Cable companies replace stb's and cable modems as new technology comes along. Docsis 3 resulted in a lot of new modems but this is offset by new adopters paying more for a faster service using less frequency. Freeview boxes will all need to be replaced at some point in the next decade or they won't be able to support new codecs. Sky brings out new boxes and at some point will likely need to switch the compression codec out to support things like 4/8k. We are going to spend money over and over again doing just enough rather than doing a decent job in the first place.
This isn't a we need it today thing. This is a we will be spending a fortune anyway on various different plans such as ftth, fttc, vdsl, lte a etc, why no just give 95% of the population ftth then give the rest extremely fast wireless by shifting tv to iptv. 30bn sounds a lot, but over the next 10 years how much will bt / sky / virgin / mobile phone companies spend combined on infrastructure? Whilst the cost may be 25 a month, the effect on your bills would be lower.
You are right it would be borrowed money and the underlying cost would be higher, but a significant part of that sat 25 a month you would have paid anyway. So is there a point at which it does make sense?
IIRC we nearly had ftth. Murdoch said he would deliver 100%ftth if he alone could use it for TV rather than having to allow others access. Maggs refused. The will has been there in the past, it would be a huge gamble for any company, but if companies are guaranteed a fair chance at getting their money back at least some will consider it. The enormity of the amount in the current market and the governments past history with BT are things standing in the way, hence perhaps the suggestion of the government leading it.
I think it is worthwhile to look into it. If the government can finance it, on the strict understanding it has to be paid back with interest and not just some promise that 'it will make everything better', it may be worth a shot.
At its most basic, if the free market value of the spectrum exceeds the cost of the transition (ftth rollout + new stb's), it's worth serious consideration. Hopefully the lords would start discussing how much that spectrum is worth to to cellcos, that would probably be the first step in the process. Given they came up with 22bn before (albeit they suffered pain afterwards but partially because they thought 3g would sell videocalls when in the end they found out it sold data), it's not beyond the realms of possibility they could find 30bn. If not then hopefully the idea is dead in the water.
"Whilst the cost may be 25 a month, the effect on your bills would be lower."
I think there's the rub - that's an extra twenty five quid, not instead of. So my VM connection is already being funded by me, and can support any forseeable needs of me and my neighbours for many years yet. So FTTH doesn't give me any benefit. In the case of our rural cousins, FTTH might replace their damp string, but there is still the stranded costs of the damp string network, which will need to be recovered somehow. Maybe that's in the £30bn - I haven't looked to find out.
Sorry, I wrote out a reply but it seems not to have been published.
I like the idea of breaking it down to the cost. It won't be quite that simple and clearcut as there will be savings in not running a broadcast network with transmitters for TV and no doubt investment in fibre would replace investment in other technologies like say vdsl, then vdsl 2, then vdsl max, then vdsl max 3 ad nauseum, all putting off the need to actually just get on with it and put in fibre. A portion of what everyone pays for mobile and fixed internet already goes (directly or indirectly via openreach) to infrastructure costs, present and past.
Will mobile users pay for the spectrum (which in turn pays for broadcast tv to move to multicast IP by providing fibre to all the population). It wouldn't solely be mobile users, it would be mobile and fixed line users as the whole scheme would be providing the infrastructure for fixed line internet as well as spectrum for mobile internet.
So 1000 per household over sa 5 years.
There are approximately 18m broadband connections in the uk, so about 2/3rds of households based on your 30m hosueholds figure. Mobile broadband is lower at about 13% of adults but climbing quickly. There are about 90m mobile phones in use, with about hald on contracts. So on a per hosuehold basis you are looking at about .66 of a fixed line connection and 1.47 contract mobiles per household. So 1000 (minus broadcast network savings) over 5 years across roughly 2 bills per household. That means that about 9 pounds a month per bill.
It doesn't entirely stop there though, its unlikely that neither cell phone providers or fixed line providers would spend nothing on their infrastructure over those 5 years so part of that cost would be mitigated by that. It's not likely that there would be an increase of 9 pounds a month on both your mobile and fixed line internet bills, but they probably would see a mild increase.
I think theres also a possibility to allow for 'premium' quality TV, so channels or programs requiring additional quality could have a premium stream at a higher bitrate. F1 races come to mind, that kind of situation where you have very fast action that gets screwed by compression. TV can also scale to 4k and 8k without trauma.
I initially dismissed the idea, the Lords aren't known for common sense, but when you look at the underlying logic it's fairly solid. Mobile companies want more spectrum to cope with ever increasing demand for mobile data. What uses spectrum, in the right frequency range, that could be delivered by a fixed line (yes folks in caravans would need to use their mobile phones to watch tv), Tv stands out as a great possibility. Maybe it's a case of 1 million drunk comatose monkeys at 1 million typewriters, but it would seem they managed to come up with something here. To get that spectrum we need to fibre the entire country, not just cities. The really remote places, it might make more sense to provide fast cover via something like LTE advanced, they would likely not have much contention on the cells anyway and would quite likely see 1-200mbps speeds. I'm not sure on the cost of deploying lte a vs fibre in remote rural areas, perhaps someone else has some figures?
The cost is significant when you look at it as one large number, but the 3g auction in the uk raised 22.5 billion and other than some amusingly priced and underused video calling pricing things largely didn't go down the shitter pricewise. That was 12 years ago, so the 30bn is likely to be amortized over a decade rather than 5 years which would reduce the pricing further. Put simply, my guess is people who use mobile data and broadband might see each bill rise by say 5 a month, but only those wanting faster services.
I'm not sure their argument is solely that rural broadband is worth it to give every last farmhouse 50mbps. I think the argument is twofold,
1- in the future the internet, and fast access to it, will become more important. Not life and death, but increasing useful shall we say. Having lived 'in the fields' where dual isdn was about as fast as it got for a long time (and 2mbps is about it there these days), theres no way to realistically afford faster internet.
So why should folks in the smoke pay for woolybacks to have superfast connections. This leads to point 2.
It allows broadcast tv for the whole country to be sent via IP (which supports multicast right?) freeing up a large amount of useful spectrum across the entire country which benefits everyone. As alluded to above, the sale of this spectrum may even cover the cost of the rollout to rural areas.
It isn't entirely a one sided deal.
Now should the public purse pay for it anyway? Perhaps, personally I feel that after numerous variants of adsl have been released over the years, we should have just bit the bullet years ago and rolled out fiber in the first place. The expense would have been considerable, but how does it compare to upgrading adsl every few years in a vain attempt to stave off installing fiber anyway. FTTH is coming at some point. The public purse should pay for it only if it can recup it in real revenue not smoke and mirrors % growth in gdp calculations. Frankly, it probably can pay for itself over enough time. Lets drop the half arsed efforts and just get it done, then flog the spectrum so everyone gets the benefits.
Since the demise of satellite broadband, some of these areas lost out on a connection completely. Others that had initially had their own provision lost it when a certain large telecom company pulled the rug out from under them by bringing in ADSL to villages. However I have friends 14km of wet string from the exchange and their chance of getting broadband is basically nil - the population/subscriber density is too low for it to be economic.
Saying that, I'm 2km from an exchange and can't get broadband at all, nay they tried to get POTS working for 3 months and finally gave me my line rental back. Oh the delights of living in a "notspot"!
Only it doesn't have to be government money. I am all for leaning out gov't spending, we waste fortunes on non essential spending. However, this stands the chance of being self funding so it worth serious consideration. This isn't lets give sheep broadband, this is we need more mobile spectrum in the right frequency range, we can bump tv to IPTV BUT to do so we need to ensure everyone has fast enough internet, which means even rural properties (whilst they might not have broadband, most will have TV) not just city slickers.
Rather than just piss about with minor fibre rollouts and large scale frequent upgrades to new adsl and vdsl technologies, how about we seriously consider a country wide rollout of fibre. BT et al already spend a fortune on their networks, as do mobile providers, why not get together and see if for once we can't actually do something that makes sense.
The title of this 'article' might seem witty, but unfortunately it creates a false impression of what is trying to be achieved.
So the city dwellers (and lord, no less) have decided that the country bumpkins are incapable of deciding for themselves what they want and must be told. And we all have to pay for it. How nice. But, hark, what is this I see before me? b4rn
Maybe these peers are more concerned about local initiative hitting their share investments; are worried that the great unwashed may realised they can do things for themselves? Or could it be that the high-and-mighty just can't stream their grumble flicks fast enough when relaxing at their second mansion?
>How do you suggest that those living in the country get their broadband delivered?
Lay your own cable or if it's that important then move.
People have been moving from rural areas for centuries after they've ceased to be viable.
St Kilda was evacuated because basic living supplies and medical care were impossible to provide. No doubt if one of them had hung on you lot would want to be laying fibre out there (at my expense rather than your own of course).
A lot of people on here are very free with other people's money.
Water, electricity, sewerage and gas are not universal but there are alternatives. I have a borehole and pump for water, mains electricity, my own septic tank for sewage and no gas. So I use alternatives to mains for three items, water, sewage and oil for heating and hot water instead of gas. I do have the luxury of mains electricity. Electricity is all but universal these days though we did not have it in my youth but had a small hydro plant. I could, expensively, have an alternative for electricity too using a diesel generator. Now tell me how I could provide my own broadband connexion to the backbone without outside help from one of the big players?
Hell no. That is a pretty desperate image - a mother and father so addicted to online gambling that they are placing bets while making little johnny his eggy bread for din dins, in the kitchen, on their Beko fridge, brought from the Freeman's catalogue on tick no doubt - (does Freeman's even still exist anyone know?) damn what a horrid thought!
Thank you for that depressing image! Words are powerful you know, theatre of the mind and all that! And those few words of yours produced in my mind a depressing made for TV kitchen sink drama set in Stoke-on-Trent during a Big Society+Facebook induced nuclear apocalypse directed by Ken Loach!
The fact is internet access is almost a de facto essential utility nowadays. The sheer - well - utility of it leaves those with no or substandard access at a significant disadvantage. If you agree it should be a utility alongside water and power, then it is practically a right of the people and efforts must be made to provide a decent service across the whole of the UK regardless of commercial viability. If you don't agree it's a utility then I challenge you to live without it for a month. I would hazard a guess that some of El Reg's contributors would struggle to maintain a job writing for a website for example.
Where the report does wander into nutter territory is where they suggest killing of TV though.
Yup - we have a child in primary school and living in rural Scotland the standard message in the winter is "If it snows, check the council's website for a list of school closures before 8:30am, then if your school is closed check the 'Glow' network (website for pupils and teachers) for details of work to be done at home and handed in when the school reopens".
It is already getting to the point where life without the internet is significantly more difficult than with it - and in five or ten years it is likely to be even more vital. Just because some city-dwellers think that all properties in the countryside are either hovels for the terminally poor, or second homes for toffs doesn't mean it's true.
If someone suggested that maybe 2% of the population would have to live with no prospect of getting electricity, or a normal phone line, that would be thought ridiculous; in a few years time suggesting that some people will have to live without the internet is going to be as bad.
Also, look at your average group of 14-/15-year-olds today; how many of them don't ever use the internet (even if just for Facebook or Twitter)? In ten years time they will be 24 or 25 and probably married with kids. Do you think they will suddenly turn their backs on the internet? If they are all likely to need it in ten years time we don't have much time to start rolling out better coverage when you consider how long it is likely to take to achieve.
I'm sorry, but if you choose to live out in the countryside then you take what comes with country life. If I choose to live in a city for the amenities it affords me and the other conditions that I have to put up with such as pollution and overcrowding then so be it. But please don't come to me or any other such taxpayer asking to have an economically unviable internet connection subsidised by the rest of us else perhaps we should ask you to upgrade our shitty, tiny little gardens in a quid pro quo. After all, a space for the children to safely play in is important is it not?
Yes, I have made this post deliberately inflammatory but sometimes the whining from the country folk about broadband really does start to get on your tits.
Like city dwellers you made the choice to live where you do knowing full well the pros and cons, deal with it.
I love the way you assume I live in the countryside. For the record I live in a city*, I just happen to believe that internet access should be a universal British right for the quality of life it affords. I am arguing that is an essential, please don't compare it to upgrading your "shitty, tiny little garden". As an essential it should be subsidised by all.
However I was specifically NOT arguing for an "economically unviable" broadband network, I was arguing that it should be looked at even if it is commercially unviable. The difference being a company will walk away if there is no way to make meaningful money off the investment. What I would like is for the government to order the network extended to (almost) everyone at a reasonable cost which they write off as money spent improving the country. I am not advocating building fibre to Orkney regardless of the cost; but there needs to be an acceptance that universal access takes priority over profit.
"Like city dwellers you made the choice to live where you do knowing full well the pros and cons"
Again, I live in a nice cosy city flat, but we've covered that; what irks me about this comment is the 'choice to live where you do' bit. Are you seriously suggesting that families should have to choose to leave behind the friends and communities they grew up in if they want proper internet access? And what about children, as you mention? They don't choose where to live, but proper internet access could growing up could change their life.
*incidentally, has it occurred to you that if the countryside had more amenities, then more people might live there and it might have an effect on the overcrowding and high rent in the cities?
"Are you seriously suggesting that families should have to choose to leave behind the friends and communities they grew up in if they want proper internet access?"
Yes I am. I had to give up the self same thing to get a job, or should the Government make the employers come to me? My statement stands more than ever - you (that's people in the countryside not you in particular in case you still don't get that bit) choose to live where you do knowing the pros and cons so get on with it. Internet access is not essential it is a luxury item. It is not water, sanitation, food or electricity. Some people state "try living without it", you could say the same about TV and that's no more an essential but a luxury item people have become used to.
Incidentally has it occurred to you that if the countryside had more amenities and more people chose to live there it would soon cease to be the rural ideal that it is and become very much more city-like as the population density evened out across the land - I doubt the country dwellers would go for that bit.
The internet is not essential in my view. I accept your right to feel differently, but you can then pay for others to enjoy rural broadband. I don't want to.
As for "families should have to choose to leave behind the friends and communities they grew up in if they want proper internet access?" What complete 5hit. People have to move for education, for jobs, travel for healthcare, for better weather, for quality of life. There's nothing special about broadband internet, it is a utility that cannot be economically provided everywhere, and if those who want the access won't pay the appropriate cost, then they need to find another solution to whatever problem they have, instead of expecting everybody else to pay up.
Looking out of my window over the Welsh countryside I can see lots of sheep, none of whom appear to be using broadband for anything. Meanwhile I am trying to use a broadband the speed of which is a tiny fraction of the one I left behind in Sussex last year. I want better broadband. I want it here and I want it now. Sod the sheep.
"Meanwhile I am trying to use a broadband the speed of which is a tiny fraction of the one I left behind in Sussex last year. I want better broadband. I want it here and I want it now."
Don't move to rural Wales from Sussex if you need an important bit of infrastructure that's not there, then.
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