Internet censorship in China is far more about controlling what people can say, it restricts freedom of speech. In the west you can not visit some sites that allow you to download torrents for example but that isn't about restriction of speech as it is about protecting the rights of owners or the rights of victims (say if you wish to post a photo of a rape victim on facebook i'm sure it would be removed)
Here in China, when you use a messaging app, it is not unusual for a message to go missing if it contains certain keywords. It's generally actually ok to complain online about the government, the chinese have this to a great art form, and the government like to see it rather than suppress it because it gives a heads up on what they need to do to keep the people happy (suppressing that is not good), and therefore the next days headlines can quell any rising unhappiness with a nerw directive aimed to tackle just that.
Watching TV here (i don't anymore) well you watch the BBC, and a news article comes on about rioting in Hong Kong and the TV screen goes black. The moment the BBC moves to the next report it's back on. It happened once i imagined maybe just bad timing, then the same thing on a different channel about the same thing, in the same day, well for sure, it wasn't a fluke.
The internet here is appalling. Google, Facebook, Twitter; all blocked. So, i already know without even looking at the reg's source code that there are links to these sites because the page will not load for minutes on end (but break the connection and it all renders on the screen - read on for why). Most sites have code to only display when the scripts have all loaded. So here, just about every website from the west will not display properly because the browser waits and hangs to download those little icons or scripts from the banned sites. It's not fun, and i assure you you only know how much internet freedom you have enjoyed when you have lived here.
My actual feeling is that most of it is about the economy, it's all rather protectionist, since every service we have come to love or loathe has it's chinese counterpart (albeit with censorship built in), unhindered by international competition and free to go out spending all that cash to buy up internet companies in the west. That should be blocked from the western side since it is clearly using censorship laws to hide the underlying fact that quite simply they are unfairly protecting their IT industry.
Foreign companies attempting to do business in China face a nightmare, being blocked, corruption surrounding every deal, the Chinese government harassing them and imposing regulations on everything (and i mean everything). Harassment in the forms of raiding the offices and locking people up maybe because you didn't give the local mayor or police chief a backhander. The West should really impose very touch economic sanctions on China now that their economy is in a position that if undermined would have so many people up in arms that the government would have to capitulate. There's more money than political will now, and it's clear to me that economics alone would lift the veil.
The current Chinese president seems rather intent on making China a less corrupt place and has some mandate to make this place a land ruled by law. A place ruled by law? Anyone can run a red light in front of a policeman, (so everyone does - everyone = not an exageration), there are no automatic machines capturing these people and issuing automated tickets, they park anywhere (and i mean in the fast lane of the highway!) to save airport parking charges, and cars turn across traffic to cut the corner when the lights go green to cross the oncoming traffic such that oncoming traffic has no right of way (every junction, anytime of the day, that's just how it is), driving up one way streets, intimidating all other road users with constantly pipping the horns (i mean constant like imagine 1000 cars holding down their horns for 1 minute) to intimidate the one road user who wants to follow the real law, It's absolutely f'cked up! Well good luck to him, but i'd start with fixing the basics, like applying your concept of ordering things to the roads before you think you give order to the internet,. If the chinese roads are the goal, then the chinese internet is going to crumble all by itself.