Yup. had that in apartheid South Africa
I grew up in South Africa during the sanctions. There were many things we could not get - in theory. Of course it was available at inflated prices so the richest and most powerful could still get everything they wanted. It was the others that lost out - regardless of race or political persuasion.
Of course it makes everyone that imposes the sanctions feel very righteous.
Many governments were still doing lots of business with South Africa behind closed doors because that still allowed you to get stuff done in Africa.
My landlord (mid 1980s) was a multi-millionaire with a trucking business. He made a lot of money brokering food aid deals for various government releif organisaions (eg. Canadian govt). He openly told them he was from South Africa and how his operation worked: he would take products (eg. maize) in unmarked sacks to Botswana. From there his other fleet would take them to Zimbabwe and have Product of Zimbabwe labels applied, then send them off to whereever.
At the end of the day, he got the most aid through to help the most people with a documented paper trail showing stuff actually got there. Dates, times, photgraphs of recipients. Sure he took a hefty cut, but it was way better outcome than if they had run through the normal channels of corruption, bribery etc.
And being quiet, the Canadian public could still hold their heads high that they were not dealing with those terrible South Africans.
No doubt this all plays out pretty much the same in Russia. The bootleggers will just profit while western citizens get to feel smug.