52 posts • joined 26 Jun 2007
Please, the capitalisation ... It's Fortran. It's been officially Fortran for almost 25 years now. And if you look at the original Fortran manual
you'll see it was Fortran in 1956
Re: What's with that?
Not my area, but my guess is that it is becuase the spectrum gets messed up in strong magnetic fields. See e.g.
Note that refers to first order perturbation terms - I suspect (but don't know) that the fields use at CERN are strong enough to make that a very poor approximation, and that many more terms are needed.
Re: And cry you might
Please, factual posts like this look much better if you give at least some references so support your assertions. At the very least please quote your primary source, which I believe is www.pluckedoutmyass.com
Not the snappiest acronym for the bill. How about the "Courtesy Unto Normal TravellerS" act?
Re: No, the -ene ending is entirely inappropriate.
"(And can one manufacture perfluorographene, which might make PTFE look sticky if it can exist at all? )"
Yes you can. Carbon monofluoride has been known for years, and mre recently graphene fluoride has been made.
Personally even if, and it's a big if, the predicted properties are found to be true I doubt stanene will ever be made, and if it is it will be highly unstable under any useful conditions - it will just disproportionate to elemental tin and either the di or tetra-fluoride. Tin just ain't carbon!
Re: Mr Blue Sky
"Well, given most of the population of the planet, when presented with a decent description, would gibber and their heads would explode, probably not a good idea."
Ideal for one of the recent party conferences, then,
Re: If it's too hard for the experts...
Re: Why bother?
'In "The Age of Austerity", do we really need any toothless (or muzzled) regulators?'
Of course we do! Regulation inhibits growth!! Under no circumstances should we regulate, that's anti-business!!! Your're not one of these red commie socialists, are you ?!!!!
Re: Yes, the Intel compiler is faster
"Unless you're doing some obscenely computationally intensive tasks, the Intel compiler isn't going to make a jot of difference other than scoring Intel a tick-in-a-box. Not really worth all the signing up."
I'm from the HPC world and while I agree with the "computationally intensive" bit that's not the only reason for getting a compiler. Different compilers have different debugging capabilities and expose different problems in code, and so I always try out code with a number of different compilers while developing - to get sucked into a "one true compiler" mentality can be very dangerous. So while I'm not sure about the relevance of the execution speed here, the possibility of checking the code with another compiler can only be a good thing.
"Wait a minute..... so 30 degrees of global warming is a good thing, but 30.5 would suddenly be a catastrophe?"
Please define catastrophe, otherwise that has little to do with science.
All one can say scientifically is that
a) Current models estimate that the greenhouse effect warms the planet by ~30 degrees
b) Those models seem to do a reasonable job at describing (pre-)historic climates
c) These models correlate increasing CO2 in the atmosphere with increasing temperature
d) According to the models increasing global temperature has a number of climatic consequences
Anything beyond his is politics, and not science.
"CO2 isn't (by an order of magnitude or so) the largest component of "green house gas". Good old dihydrogen oxide is."
Certainly H2O is the major comtributor to the Green House effect (order of magnitude is debatable). However that's irrelevant. The greenhouse effct is mostly a good thing, making the planet on average ~30 degrees warmer than one would expect. The problem is pushing a good thing too far, so what is at issue is not the major contributor to the greenhouse effect, but how the different contributions are changing. And CO2 is certainly a major contributor to the effect, and also it's concentration in the atmosphere has markedly increased over recent history.
Good luck Nvidia. My personal experience of the PGI compiler suite is that it is one that gives mediocre performance while failing to help me spot my stupidites. This is supported by
though of course this is hardly full and complete coverage.
Personally I much prefer gfortran, not for political reasons, just because I think it's a better compiler.
"There were no differences in initial conditions or in processing methods. The same starting conditions and same processing methods should lead to the same results"
Errrrrr, no. The initial conditions may be the same, but looking at the (not yet peer reviewed paper) shows that the model was run using a number of different compilers at a number of different optimisation levels using a number of different MPI implementations. All of these can lead to differences in operations as simple as adding up a list of numbers, and thus over time the result of the calculations may diverge. Hell, depending on the way the MPI (and possibly OpenMP) is implemented it's perfectly possible to get differing results from two runs on the same machine with the same executable.
And that's even before I consider whether the machine itself is strictly IEEE 754 compliant (maybe, probably not if you look at the grubby details), whether the code is being is being compiled to exploit the machine is a IEEE 754 manner (probably not in all cases), and whether you can expect all complier/library combinations used by the code can be expected to give identical answers in every single case (probably not). And then there's comparing runs done on differening numbers of cores. Et cetera, et cetera, et cetera ...
This is usual behavior. And what is being presented looks like (I haven't read the paper in detail) an reasonable attempt at trying to quantify the observed divergences.
You might take a look at
"I suspect most people would squirm with that question. Even if you believe the Big Bang theory, where did the energy come from to create the Big Bang? As far as I am aware there is currently no good answer for that."
Not my area of science but I was under the impression that
summarises the current position
Re: Where is the fourth estate?
It was killed by Ronnie
"Obviously, Windows 8.1 isn't as dramatic an upgrade as the leap from Windows 7 to Windows 8."
Indeed. But what is required is as dramatic a leap as from Windows 8 to Windows 7.
Re: no peeks or pokes?
Guessing here but the RANDOMIZE "convention" might come from the ZX81 where it may have been used in preference to the let form as it took up less memory than the LET form, both in storing the source (key words were tokenised) and possibly avoiding having to store a variable - when you've only got ~3/4kByte for your program every little counted!
Well Fortran, as it has been spelt for 20+ years, is probably there as the gnu compiler collection contains a fortran front end, gfortran
Ian, who doesn't work in a bank
Re: Calligraphically Challenged
It's quite simple - the 2nd film is entirely about escaping from the goblin's dungeon
"Last time I looked (tried), ignorance was no defence."
Well you're probably not a director of a multinational media company then. Or a minister in her majesty's government.
Re: Re:Tone is wrong
There's even a special Journal for publishing such articles - It's called "The Daily Mail"
but on a somewhat larger scale?
Re: Completely ignorant question
Depends on what you have (obviously), but in the region of 10 GFlops will be the right sort of ball park.
There are a number of reasons why clouds can't meet all needs, at least in the scientific area. One is that many scientific codes need the low latencies that these machines provide to scale to
anything like the number cores they contain, and the network in clouds just don't cut it. There are also I/O and other issues. For a recent report take a look at
there's a key findings section of about a page and a half near the beginning.
Certainly looks like he's in a pickle
"The eclipse will also allow stargazers good views of other planets, by cutting out a major source of light pollution"
The moon is light pollution? So I suppose the big yellow shiny thing during the say is as well? Or is it a case of BLOW UP THE MOON SO WE CAN SEE THE STARS!
As I understand it, yes. But take this with a pinch of salt, it is second hand and I don't have many more details than I've said already.
A Number or Two
The network is just not up to it. I have an associate who has benchmarked these things using applications that currently run on 1000s of cores of various dedicated HPC resource, and get outside one node and there is no competition. For instance one chemistry example runs in 194 seconds on 4 nodes (32 cores) of a University HPC server, but 450 seconds on 4 nodes (32 cores) of the cloud even though the single node speeds are about the same (534 v. 520).
To be fair if you don't need good, low latency comms it's not nearly that bad. Fortunately not a lot of proper scientific HPC falls into that camp - this keeps me in a job!
Plus Ca Change
Well according to
one way is just as god intended - Fortran, message passing and OpenMP,
A fully considered response
"where people trade their personal information for the chance to watch TV programmes"
Well they are idiots then.
Re: I didn't understand the finale of the last series...
> ... with Big Bang 2.0 and all (Did we learn why the Tardis is exploding?)
It was jump started by Lister
OK, having a degree in chemistry and being a tedious pedant I had to comment.
Gold is what is produced by this reaction, not what goes in (Citric acid dissolve gold? Wedding rings wouldn't last long in the kitchen). What is input is AuCl4-, and this is photoreduced to produce gold nanoparticles, the reaction being catalyzed by the protein. And it is the nanoparticles that cause the purple colour.
So purest purple is actually gold ... Percy didn't stand a chance!
(Also why is the El Reg spill chucker objecting to "colour")
Well someone has to say it ...
This is political correctness gone mad
And so the tyranny of the matrix multiply continues
So yet again machines are being judged by how well they can run matrix multiplies (hidden as a linear equation solve), an algorithm that is
1) All but ideally suited to achieve macho flops to be quoted by hardware vendors, whatever the architecture
2) All but ideal for scaling to many compute cores
3) All but totally divorced from how the vast majority of real apps works
And now it's on a machine that the vast, vast majority of the small number of HPC coders can't program, at least in the scientific arena.
Given this I fully expect performance for the Linpack benchmark to continue being crucial to many procurement exercises.
Not parallel until Jan
Hmmm, it's difficult to find any kind of interesting technical detail, but one of the news articles does say
"Parallelizing applications will be performed by the upcoming Blue Cheetah product called Coalition, which is scheduled for release in the January 2011 timeframe."
Living in the past
"The decision means major projects such as the Diamond Light Source can go ahead."
Ermmmm, I'm a bit confused. Obviously the big building I see when I visit the Rutherford Appleton Lab is a figment of my imagination and
is wrong where it says "Construction of this new scientific facility began in early 2003 and Diamond became operational on schedule in January 2007." Well it's either that or El Reg is a little confused and talking rubbish, which would never happen
Yes, very taxing
And then there's
One reason why it is as difficult for public sector spending to be as "efficient" (whatever that may mean) as private sector is that whilst in the private sector you are spending your own money so you can take as big a risk as you like, in the public sector you are spending the public's money, hence there must be greater checks that it is being done with the best interests of the public in mind. Hence it is more difficult to get the same potential bang for your buck.
Then again maybe Mr Green is the man for the job, as when it comes to spending public money he definitely has a idea how to do it. This is to cut out the middle man, so not paying it to government, and spend it himself. Allegedly.
Thanks for the memory
Well for the moment I'll ignore the excellent point that hardware costs are far from the end of the story, and simply ask does this table refer to a Fermi based system with the same total memory footprint as Jaguar? After all, if you ain't got the memory, you can't solve the problem.
Of Moments and Neutrons
Well complete non-expert here, not my area of science at all (I'm a chemist), but a few points
1) Your average bar magnet is essentially charge neutral
2) Note even the humble neutron has a magnetic moment, see the font of all knowledge at
3) I strongly suspect that it is not really relevant, but El Reg has slightly simplified things! I realize many of the readers will be saying "no, this can not be true!" but it is! Actually a neutron star isn't just neutrons, its more complicated than that, but neutrons are a big part of one.
I wanted to mention "The Gimp."
That is all.
"Want to pay less, drive a more fuel-efficient car when it's not congested."
The problem with this is that everybody will be driving when it's not congested ...
Oh how the memories fade
Thatcher was a disaster. The laissez-faire economic policy introduced under her has lead us to where we are today. Labout tinkered, and in a good number of ways improved things (e.g. the minimum wage, independence of the Bank of England, 3rd world debt relief), but for whatever reason felt they could not regulate where regulation has been clearly appropriate for many years (the city and the banks). Ultimately we still have an economy based upon "supply sided" aka "trickle-down" ideas where the poor get shafted more and more as each day passes, despite an apparently "communist" government (as it was described in the comments on this article). 3,000,000 unemployed anybody?
Mr Brown as PM has had his problems, that is undeniably true, and I didn't vote for his party. However I worry much more about the coming problems for large sections of our society now the "I'm alright Jack" party is probably back in at least part of the coming government.
Yes, It's A Funny System
Yes it's a funny system when a party that almost 2/3rds of the electorate votes against thinks it has a clear mandate from the people.
And it's going to be awful. We may have a government that represents at least in some way over half the people who voted. Whatever next?
What's wrong with "I'm a PC"?
It implies that a PC is synonymous with Microsoft Windows
If you want to be heard
Could I just encourage you all to go to
if you've got something to sat about the BBC's review? I know it's theraputic to rant in El Reg, but there's a chance you might actually be heard if you rant there!
One more for 6 Music
Just to add my support for 6 Music, not that it's worth anything. Especially now that Lamb has been shoved into a corner slot it is a superb station playing a great variety of interesting music which is generally somewhat out of the main stream. It's worth it for Stuart Maconie's Freak zone alone. Surely this is the kind of thing that the BBC should support? Indeed, though it pains me to say this, if the BBC is not supporting this kind of station what point does the BBC have?
Fortran Dead ?
Well FORTRAN is dead, it's been Fortran for for almost 2 decades. That said
1) Virtually all people in my area (HPC) program in Fortran
2) I teach fortran all around the UK - and it is one of out most popular courses
I will barely start on the misconceptions that people have about what modern Fortran. Suffice to say that Fortran, post the Forrtan 90 standard which compilers have implemented for well over a decade, has little to do with the language that the prejudiced refer to,
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