Huawei does the rounds of the Engineering programs at Chinese universities and ships them off to Shenzhen. Many of them have a second degree. It pays them close to Western rates (on average 3 times more than Foxconn across the highway - but teens assembling mobile phones would expect to earn less right).They also get a 60% bonus as well as company shares (which no-one knows what they are worth). OK long hours are expected but you can retire at 45. Its rumoured you may get an interest free mortgage as well which given Shenzhen property prices (higher than New York) is huge - this type of golden handcuffs is not unusual.
Huawei also recently took over the relationship that BlackBerry had with Univ.o.Waterloo in Canada and set up a research centre so they likely got some IP in that department. They have numourous others around the world.
An accounting nuance is that R&D at Huawei typically also includes all product development stuff as well which others may term manufacturing.
You might think I've spent some time at the Unicomplex, I couldnt comment. Resistance in futile. I believe Cisco are (rightly) shitting themselves, Apple might wake up as well.