No no no
We, the retail consumers, pay for everything. Note: Every. Thing. The multinationals, as noted above, reclaim the cost of the spectrum through lower taxation, any fiscal shortfall is paid for by us. A lot of them don't pay any tax anyway - Vodaphone for example. Oil analogy? When oil goes up, pump prices go up, and usually fail to come down again with any sort of promptness. Fixed costs are passed on to us as a baseline minimum price, on top that it's all profit, which doesn't get taxed because of writing off other costs against tax and moving surpluses offshore, and round we go again.