Re: Two things about UBI
"It would mean that taxes will be higher and higher on people creating value, while transferring money to people who don't."
But this is coming, one way or another. Machines are going to diminish the need for low skilled jobs. So the people who can create value will have to be pay for those who can't. Perhaps we hand the money over to them without strings attached. Perhaps we insist government create jobs -- e.g. by paying for social care. But the people who earn are going to have to shoulder a bigger share of the burden.
"There's a reason Germany is where it is, and other countries struggle."
And that reason is the Eurozone periphery is holding down the prices of German products, making them cheaper than they would be if they were priced in Deutsche Marks.
In a sense, the Eurozone is the same problem run with nations instead of people. Germany needs to pay for the rest of the Eurozone but the Germans insist they haven't inherited some structural boon and it's really the worth-ethic of the Mediterraneans that is at fault.