Can anyone explain why the unit "litres per 100 km" was chosen
not sure, but one explanation could be that this is the info that you're interested in: "If I have 300km to drive, how much fuel do I need/use ?"
138 posts • joined 10 Nov 2010
Can anyone explain why the unit "litres per 100 km" was chosen
not sure, but one explanation could be that this is the info that you're interested in: "If I have 300km to drive, how much fuel do I need/use ?"
That is because the ABI compatibility that Linux it talking about is *userland* ie programs.
not to mention that people have asked userspace drivers for ages. Now claiming that the kernel is compatible with userland when they refuse to let drivers in userland is a bit rich.
The problem being: userland ie programs. No, userland is whatever is not kernel space, and in Linux userland is programs, but that doesn't have to be. There was a thesis by a German guy who made changes to the FreeBSD kernel to allow userspace drivers, seamlessly.
This could happen with Linux if the even&odd naming scheme had been preserved, instead of the current lazyness à-la Windows: "Hey, let's put everything in the kernel, it's sooooooooo much easier". If a user can plug and unplug a device, that's userland: what is there not to understand about that ? A USB stick driver, a USB joystick driver, a video screen driver, must logically be in userspace: they are industry standards, FFS ! Of course that scheduler and memory management must run in kernel space.
If I had time, I would dump Linux and switch over to FreeBSD. The systemd debacle might actually provide the necessary incentive. Yeah, monolithic kernel my arse.
X has had a pregnancy, suicide from a bully terrorist
you're missing the words Al Quaeda, Ben Laden, bomb, drugs. I suggest:
"Ben Laden has committed suicide with a bomber terrorist from Al Quaeda because of a pregnant bully on drugs."
If I'm paying for the network use and the device then it's reasonable for me to...
I'm paying for the house, including his room, the toilets and the bathroom, therefore it's reasonable for me to install spy cameras to see what he's up-to. Sounds creepier, doesn't it ? But it's exactly the same. Leave the kids alone, we did look at porn magazines when we were 15, even though it was also forbidden.
The positive side-effect could be that the kids learn computing (in order to bypass the spyware).
Baron Harkonnen was so fat he needed - actually, he will need, it's SciFi - suspensors to move around. While this man looks quite skinny. More like Nefud then, but that one was - will be, ouch, confusing - younger.
@ AC: with what are you planning to replace you Macbook with?
No need to replace the machine, it's the OS that sucks. The machine (assuming it's a unibody) is awesome. As for the OS, Debian stable (Wheezy) is a good choice, I also know people using Ubuntu or Mint. Guess that Slackware or LinuxFromScratch would be overkill.
Install Debian. Works like a charm. Haven't booted MacOS-X since ... well, ever, used it only to partition the drive and install rEffit.
"PCs and laptops do get booted, because they are turned off"
my uptime currently is 46 days, with Debian stable on a MacBook Pro, launching heavy-dute 3D CAD in Windows virtual machine, external monitor sometimes, kids playing Minecraft or Dofus, put to sleep each evening.
Self-compiled kernel, goes without saying.
No, really, booting is for sissies. But even then, with an SSD, boot-time is less than 10 seconds, KDE takes more time to load than the boot process. And in the boot process, rEffit and GRUB take up most of the time. So what is the gain of 2-3 seconds boot ?
"Everything was flat, until the CPU/GPU power existed to give a UI a faux 3D look"
no, it all begun with MacOS System 8, when the window borders and UI buttons took that 3D shape. Before that, with System 7, it was all flat. And there where no GPUs then, hey, some CPUs didn't even have the math coprocessor. You're confusing with 3D CAD, but on UIs it's only pixmaps, no GPUs needed. I even remember having installed a System 7 "extension" giving my System 7 a System 8-ish look.
it was 1995 (or 1997 ?)
Or go back to windows 3.1, where there was a distinctive 3D effect on buttons when pressed.
This "flatness" thing was (re)invented by Microsoft and the Metro interface. It's just the new rage, until the next trend comes (diagonals ? you heard it first here)
What GPUs allow is transparency, alpha-blending, translucent menus.
I use KDE with 1 click (to open files and folders), and I also configured my Win7 workstation to function like that. To drag, rename ... you click and hold, and it knows that you're not opening. Also, make good use of right-click, and now I feel that double-clicking is soooooo old-school.
Much less clicking overall.
"Let's call it a £1M transaction to keep the numbers small and easy. You tax that at 1%."
ok, lets. Why would I tax it to 1% ? If this money goes to a "friendly" place, I might indeed tax it at 1%, or even 0.1%, but if it's going to a place where I know you're going to leverage 100:1 and do HFT that destroys my economy, you can bet I won't let you get away that cheap. Let's rather talk about a 30% tax here.
"If I repatriate a small slice of the profit, you might get to tax that.... then again, you might not. I'd just buy the Rolex abroad and wear it home.
sure. Then I'll see you travelling, and my custom agents might ask you to open your bag. And how are you going to transport that Porsche, that Bose home-cinema, those boxes of fine Champagne, that private jet ... that you want to buy with your hard earned money ? Because they are manufactured by people living here and thanks to good infrastructure and education, all paid-for by taxes.
"All you've really achieved is to drive the vast bulk of financial transactions offshore"
no, I have effectively made them unprofitable, but not only here, in many places. Because even if the financial world pretends to have its own life, at some point there is collateral, and a financial transaction tax is effective when you need that collateral, so it will, in effect, starve the financial world of real-world collateral. Especially as most collateral is government bonds, which are geographically bound.
offshored a lot of bank workers job
good riddance. But it's also funny in a historic perspective.
"once that money has left the UK, it will never return. Why would it?"
you're talking about a different problem: multinational corporations can avoid paying taxes on real and legitimate businesses by artificially locating the profits in tax heavens. What's happening is that in the real place real people are paid with real money doing real stuff, that stuff is sold at 0 profit to a sister corporation located in a tax heaven, which resells said stuff to the real place with a huge margin, and that stuff is then sold to real people in the real world for real money with 0 profit: all the profit is made in the tax heaven, but absolutely no real work is done there.
But since the real business is still done in real places, the real money is still needed in the real place. So the money would return to the UK to pay people doing the job and to buy stuff. And as soon as the money leaves the tax-heaven to be used for something (like buying a Porsche or a Rolex) it's taxed.
"Track down these imports (not really), and slap an Import Duty on them (really!)"
it's actually very easy: a tax on financial transactions. Make this tax tiny when the transaction is with a "friendly" partner, make it HUGE when dealing with a tax heaven.
The problem you're mentioning is not technical, it's political: the overlords (= banks) don't want this, therefore the politicians and journalists (= the mercenaries) don't do it, only talk and talk and talk about it.
"If there is another fundamental requirement for growth, I don’t know what it is."
let me help: in our current "western" world, money is created by debt. Thus, all money in circulation has an equivalent in a credit. It's called the fractional reserve system.
BUT: with each credit also comes its interest, therefore you owe a bank MORE than the credit they gave you. The credit the bank gave you when you took on the debt is money (created out of nothing), but the debt you owe to the bank is made up of the credit and the interest. In other words, there is more debt in the world than money in circulation. The amount of money for the interest needs to be created also, therefore it's also some sort of a new credit.
Which means that the monetary supply needs to be ever increasing. Which means that the economy also needs to grow for the ratio debt/economy to remain stable.
Else .... bubbles, inflation, default, war.
"if Steve (the devil incarnate) Jobs would like the offerings from Motorola"
the Moto 360 certainly. Actually, I thought that Apple would present a round and slim iWatch, and incarnate the next Swatch. THAT would have shaken the market, but a Casio clone from 20 years ago...
- WIndows Phone 7
soooooo ... there are no more non-US smartphone OS-es out there, because M$ bought and killed the only and last non-US company able to do it on a large scale. Of course, any coincidence with the NSA spying on everybody is, well, coincidence. And Samsung getting sued over-and-over the other US company - and delaying Tizen - is also coincidence.
"listening to Iron Maiden - it's a simple, if slightly guilty, pleasure"
why do you feel guilty listening to The Band ? Shouldn't you rather turn towards London and praise Lord that he has created them ? It's for comments like this, entirely expected in their unexpectedness, that I read articles and then comments about KK's arse.
If you add a keyboard to an iPad, you get the best of both worlds. But of course, Asus has done that before, therefore Apple would be hard pressed to pretend to innovate.
Isn't this Sabu the guy from LulzSec who used the credit cards that where stolen through raids - against politically motivated targets like Sony or others - to pay for his bills because he had no proper job, and that's how he got caught ? While the others didn't use those credit cards for any purpose other than to "punish" Sony (and for the Lulz of it) this Sabu guy actually stole the money of the people ? And now, he is free and his fellows are in jail !!!
In other times, he would be called a traitor.
For Linux, that's just a theme. For OSX, it's a revolution. You're new here, aren't you ?
Samsung has been preparing for that, as have Nokia (with the X series) and Amazon (for the Kindle). Come in Sailfish, Tizen, CyanogenMod, FirefoxOS, and fight. The premium over Google ? less spying.
Google has already lost, thanks to Snowden and NSA.
If you bond the hydrogen to carbon atoms, it's much easier to handle - and much denser too.
those are called hydro-carbons, like alcohol or .... petrol. Next time you'll invent cars with wheels ?
I were to move away from Kubuntu, it would probably be to Debian Testing.
Good choice. I'm running Debian stable with KDE from testing (4.11), because "stable" uses an old KMail, not the 4.8 branch which introduced some very interesting features.
"unfiltered Bloomberg news feed - new headlines there appear so fast, the old ones are scrolled off the screen"
you should try to live a real life. You might be pleasantly surprised, it's actually fun. And nothing happens at the millisecond time-scale.
in other words:
- can I, from at home, trade on the markets ? yes, but I need a financial intermediary who will execute my orders.
- can the intermediary trade on the markets ? yes, directly, at any speed, in my name or for his own profit.
- can I, from at home, do HFT ? no. because the delay between the time I place an order and said order is executed is several seconds/minutes. And during this time the intermediary knows what I'm going to sell/buy, and he can contra-buy/sell to outmanoeuvre me. If I make a smart move, he even can do it before me, even if I thought about it first.
HFT trading was already known by the very capitalist and free-market economist James Tobin, and he said that HFT trading actually screws real investors, by making profits on tiny margins in the noise of all the transactions. That's why he propose his famous Tobin Tax on all financial transactions, so only real investors make money and not the parasites doing HFT.
As for, technically, how HFT is bad: very simple ! Who can actually DO trading at the highest speed ? Those with direct access to the market's computers, in other words the financial intermediaries ... but if those intermediaries do also trading in their own name, they have an insider advantage by knowing in advance what their clients are trading and can front-run them by making decisions based on information they have only because they are the intermediaries.
It's not only the reading bit that's difficult on small screens, but also the typing part : it's soooooooo much easier to type on a 5 incher !!! I don't have the same finger-size as a lady or a kid, FFS.
"Can it offset costs in other materials such as regular books?"
exactly my thought. I'd also add the weight to carry all those books, as seeing from my kids' backpacks: 5 kg could be replaced by a 300g tablet. Considering that this tablet could also do other stuff - like displaying animations - and whose content could be updated regularly - as opposed to every 5 years - it would actually be cheaper and better than all those schoolbooks. And save some trees.
Only make sure it doesn't use Android or iOS, or any other commercial OS. Some pure Debian probably the best.
But one thing not to replace: regular paper for writing.
I wanted a Windows workstation for 3D CAD, but I wanted it silent. So I got a Silverstone Fortress FT03 housing, with passive PSU (actually, hybrid but the fan never switches on), and an AMD FirePro v5800 with passive heatsink, all of this cooled via a large vertical fan at the bottom that increases the convective vertical flux of the case. The mini-ATX motherboard is turned 90°, the PCI ports facing upwards.
It's so silent that I can hear the neons and the halogen lamps in my office.
OK, it's not as powerful as this MacPro, but Apple could have gone the same way and build a traditional case but turned vertically, allowing easy upgrading and commercial parts. A real Pro machine, not this toy that will go into history's trashcan like the Cube did.
I prefer the HP-15c, and it has it's Android andro11c emulator also (the HP-11C actually, but they're nearly identical)
Then there is also the HP-15C emulator for computers.
These have put my real HP-15C to rest, even though it still works perfectly (aaahh, those keys were a pleasure to type on)
Errr ... you do know that Apple has $145bn in cash in tax-heavens, don't you ? Therefore, taking a credit of $150bn to buy back it's own shares leaves Apple naked, without any disposable money anymore. There was an article here yesterday about what Apple should do for it's future, and some argued that there is nothing to worry for a company having $145bn in cash, but this is a sure way of blowing it all up at once, and leave absolutely nothing in return.
Apart for those "investors" who profited from the buyback.
That money in tax-heavens is not really available, if Apple now repatriated this money and paid taxes on it and paid dividend with part of the remaining, and invested the rest in new developments, that would be a bold move.
This iCahn looks to be for Apple what Elop was for Nokia.
@AC: right, the sentence is bad english : Samsung makes the Galaxy Note with a pen, and because of the lawsuit where Apple accuses Samsung to only copy and not innovate, Apple can't now make an iNote with a pen because that would invalidate the Samsung-are-copying-us argument (imagine how silly they would look in the court). Even though Apple did the Newton 15 years ago, and even though many people would buy it.
"Develop a plethora of barely indistinguishable products? That didn't help them either."
it did with the iPod: from the Nano to the Shuffle, the Touch, the Classic ... why wouldn't that work for tablets ? Especially as a 5 inch iNote with a pen would be very popular with business-men, and would go pack to the original Newton. Except that Samsung did it first, and they couldn't paint themselves as "innovators" with that.
"if I am somewhere that doesn't have wireless coverage"
"But seriously, how often do you actually visit the 80s?
in my building, there is no WiFi because some people are concerned about the electromagnetic waves. Also, for security reasons, we're encouraged by the admins to use wired ethernet. Those people with MacBook Airs need the extra USB<=>ETH dongle, that they regularly forget.
"FTT assumes that *all* trading is speculative and therefore punishable."
no, quite the opposite: FTT says that long-term investments won't feel the pain of a 0.1% tax, as they are in the business for at least 10% or 20% return, but high-frequency short-term speculations which are in for every fraction of % will loose if their margin is less than that. An FTT wants to limit transactions with tiny margins, that's all.
What are the costs and benefits of putting sand into the engine oil as a way of slowing a car down?
Actually, that's exactly the reason Mr Tobin has proposed this tax: to create friction, to slow down speculation, which has a tendency to overshoot in corrections (because of the sheep-like behaviour of speculators).
Such a tax has the same effect as oil in the dampers: to take away some energy from a system, to allow it to be closer to it's equilibrium at all times, instead of oscillating all the time : boom and bust.
So can you please answer now the following question: what are the cost and benefits of dampers in a car ?
The Blerch: http://theoatmeal.com/comics/running
that's bloody freakin genius, thank-you
They *can't* put a back door in, because it would be quickly spotted by everyone who audits the kernel source
ah ... except for the binary drivers then, that run also in kernel space.
And who provide binary drivers ? Network card suppliers like Broadcom for example. Now, you have a system connected to a network, and the first-line device is a black box supplied by a company subjected to NSA authority !
Call me paranoid.
@ Kristian Walsh: "Tesco in that example would have every right to ask you to leave if you've been caught stealing from them on repeated occasions"
You confuse things: Pirate-Bay doesn't steal anything from Visa or MasterCard, they offer a service independent of them, but some people accuse PB's customers to use that service for stuff that is illegal in the US (but may-be legal in Sweden !). If anything, some of the customers steal from Hollywood, and some use it for perfectly reasonable and legal purposes.
In this Tesco example, it's as if Visa forbid payment to Tesco because they accused some of the customers to use some of the products purchased there for activities that they disapprove.
if I go in the local TESCO, it's private property, private company they have every right to refuse to me service
no. you have obviously no clue. If Tesco refused to serve you because you're black arguing that they're privat and can choose their customers, would you understand your error ? Said otherwise, if a company advertises a product or service, and they do deliver that product or service to some customers, they can't refuse you that same service without judicial justification.
In Europe, that is. Visa and MasterCard ar US companies, where the rule of law doesn't apply, the one with the bigger purse writes the rules. BTW, is there a European credit card company ?
"The fact is, fixed currency standards don't work; they cannot scale to the level of growth in the economy"
and what if the economy doesn't grow ?
"Banks create money when they create loans, and they now create the vast majority of money (...) Fiat currency allows the supply of money to approximately match the aggregate demand of the economy"
Correct, except that you are missing here the interests : when a bank creates money by making a loan, the amount of money created is equal to the amount of principal of said loan, but the amount of money corresponding to the interests is not created. So how are you supposed to pay something that hasn't been created ?
Therefore, in such - our - monetary system, the amount of money must always grow, but when the economy cannot grow (because of the physical limits of resources for example), the system gets out of control. The interest should then become negative, but it cannot because then all investors take their money out of the banks and keep cash, and the fractional reserve banking collapses for lack of deposits.
This is the root of what we are witnessing today: a giant (150 years old !) Ponzi scheme unraveling.
there, said it, feels a lot better.
oops, did I forget to post as AC ?
What's the purpose of having 145 billion dollars if you can't use them ? What good is there having 145 billion ins a bank account if you have to borrow money whenever you need 17 billions ?
you think I can use Linux on a Mac and not know the difference between KDE and Linux ?
"tabbed Finder windows"
"different working area, which Apple calls Spaces, or a full-screen app on a second display"
holy crap !!! my KDE 4.5 does this since 3 years ago. Admittedly, it runs on a MacBook Pro 13, but did they catch up with Linux only now ? What's next ?
- right-click to create a folder here ? (shit, no right click on iMouse)
- drag'n-drop asking if I want to move or copy or link ?
- clickable and editable file path ?
- a button for "open terminal here" in the finder ?
Iceland has also plenty of free and easy energy, and therefore plenty of industries necessitating tremendous amounts of energy, like turning alumina into aluminium. Or forgeries, and this sort of stuff.
@Steve Evans : "(FYI, Somalian pirates have a habit of throwing all the AK47s over the side and claiming to be fishermen when intercepted)"
funny how things go: what I've heard is that the Somali where fishermen, but since the BIG Chinese and Japanese and European fisherboat-factories are fishing in their waters, they don't get to eat, and use their waters to intercept some boats.
In other words, if you want to get rid of Somali pirates, clear their waters from GIANT fisherboat-factories.
probably negative yield. Like shale-gas, solar-cells, electric-cars, and many other newly invented energy "sources".
Invest in bicycles, that's the future.
actually, that's what biomass is: make carbo-hydrates through photosynthesis by turning CO2 + H2O into O2 and CHx, and then burn that CHx with O2 into CO2 + H2O. It's a closed circle, no need to invent fancy words (although, admittedly, Flüssigmetallblasensäulenreaktor is pretty cool).