Not a lot
6.5E11 cubic light years.
A cube of side 8.7E3 light years. Does not even get beyond our own galaxy.
Poor reporting somewhere, I expect.
712 posts • joined 31 Oct 2010
6.5E11 cubic light years.
A cube of side 8.7E3 light years. Does not even get beyond our own galaxy.
Poor reporting somewhere, I expect.
In my student days about 5% of children went to uni, and giving them the money was affordable to the rest of the population.
Nowadays, with up to 50% of children eligible for a three year bonanza, it is not affordable.
The mistake has been to suppose that many rather than few can benefit from a genuine university education. That's what happens when our arts graduate masters are allowed to ignore the concept of IQ because it is based on statistics, i.e. numbers.
All they have found in asteroids are a few relatively simple organic compounds such as the less difficult amino acids. No RNA, no proteins, no chlorophyll or haemoglobin.
So our DNA was probably invented on planet Earth.
While I was a physics undergraduate, I had courses on statistics. I concluded that it was a difficult subject to teach.
To prove the results that applied stats uses needs very advanced maths, which only a mathematical specialist will master. So those results are one-off recipes that have to be memorised individually. Contrast this with the classical geometry of Euclid, where the proofs are relatively straightorward and can easily be checked and re-proved if one needs to do that.
We therefore reach the situation in statistics where in the physical sciences they are usually reasonable, in the biosciences they are wobbly, and in the social "sciences" they are non-existent. That last is particularly grievous because a lot of public expenditure is at stake there.
Even in Europe, once you are away from the touristy places, English produces blank looks. Supermarkets, ordinary bars, ordinary bus and train services, petrol stations off the main motorways,...
In my experience more East Europeans speak German then English. The French may find a language forced upon them that they dislike even more than English.
I do wonder if the so-called speed awareness courses are like that.
When I stood for election to my local council, I saw ballot papers marked with a tick instead of a cross.
Does the scanning of ballot papers cope with this?
The textbooks tell us that if a molecule with L- and R- forms is synthesised in the lab from non-chiral components, then equal quantities of each will be produced. Some chiral molecules if left in the lab will racemize: turn into equal amounts of L- and R-. That is the equilibrium state of affairs.
Biosynthesis uses enzymes which themselves are L- or R- and so produce one result only.
I have wondered what might happen in a steady-state non-equilibrium situation: for example, if water was slowly streaming through a system. Then a chance fluctuation might lead to a build-up of one chirality rather than the other. Needs suitable experiments, of course.
The alternative is anarchy.
At the end of WW1 and of WW2, Eastern Europe was in sheer chaos. Twice in a lifetime for many people. Even communism might seem less worse.
So Government, like so much else, is compromise. We argue where the compromise should be, but there will have to be some rules.
It is called 'pairing'. The advice to every new MP is to grow a pair (or whatever, depending on sex).
So the PM is paired with the leader of the opposition and so on all the way down; as a result they don't have to be bothered with minor votes.
The ones who get left out are the newest MPs in the governing party. It is not surprising that sometimes they feel rebellious. The junior opposition MPs have great fun choosing who will be their pair.
In 1963 after MacMillan resigned she invited Lord Home (pronounced Hume) to be PM. From the House of Lords, not the Commons.
For practical purposes she has to invite someone who can get laws through parliament, especially tax laws.
H in his memoirs described going into hospital for a spinal operation. Afterwards he congratulated the surgeon for putting backbone into a politician.
@crazy ops guy
The EU could be repaired if they ever actually listened to us. But they never have before, why change the habit of a lifetime?
Mrs Thatcher descibes an EU summit in her memoirs, where one day after lunch all the other leaders had disappeared. She tracked them down and they were all very embarrassed when she burst into the room.
The reason the EU has stopped them fighting each other is that they are all conspiring against us.
"During temperate periods, such as the current epoch..." says the article.
No sir! we are still semi-frigid, not by a long way out of the last ice age. When the dinosaurs basked in the sunshine by British lakes and rivers, they did not have to worry about frosty winters. The plant(*) eaters among them had a choice of tropical delicacies.
(*)Plant as in English. In Welsh, plant means child.
Three of my fellow students (one physicist, two chemists) retrained as accountants.
As for Devops, this looks to me like just another buzzword for people who are actually not very good at actual programming. I spent my career wondering how to turn graduates into capable programmers, and never did find an answer.
Thanks for the info. But Cynic_999 is right, the Reg reporter should have told us that.
Looks like it's POETS day (*) at Reggie McIsterface.
Everyone knows the British National Health Service is stoney broke. This looks like desperate NHS 'management' taking the money offered by Google, egged on by the myopic British Treasury..
Google are only partly to blame; there are many faults in the NHS.
When I tried to get specs corrected during review, before coding, I was told by management to stop holding up progress on the workplan.
Sometimes it seems the customer/contractor model needs a major reset.
Like, hire a bright professor and some of his better students. Even if the total job is 1000 man years, you will get a useful prototype out of them. Most contractors can follow a prototype but are incapable of original design.
Is it stupidity or perversity?
My nectar card regularly receives vouchers for immense discounts if:
I wonder why I bother.
Take it from me, another XP user: the update is very likely the malicious software removal tool.
I keep wondering when MS will consider anything other than Windows 10 to be malicious software.
XP is fairly safe if you run as a non-admin user. Fine, if you don't have to use some shoddy old in-house app that won't run unless it is an admin user.
It is all very well for us experts (some real, some self-proclaimed) here to criticise outsiders efforts to regulate, but there are real and general problems which concern everybody, not just us. If we do not listen to public concerns, our work will eventually be overthrown.
The world has changed immensely since I was born about seventy years ago. In particular, many problems are world-wide and cannot be solved by a single nation. What is a minimum standard of decency in one country is an outrageous imposition in another, yet the Internet brings it to us all (unless you are behind a Great Firewall).
What has not changed is the difficulty of getting politicians, democratic or otherwise, to listen to good advice. If you can't beat them, join them!
I save, for personal use, the occasional worthwhile web wisdom (aka www) and then edit it to clean text.
The average el Reg piece is 2K to 3K bytes, but up to 10K for extended articles. Other publications are 5K to 15K bytes.
So most of our bandwidth goes on pictures and video, which add little to the occasional well written piece; and mostly to adverts which add nothing.
I resent the way adverts dominate the byte count, with their feeble excuse that they are paying the bills.
The Civil Service are, as an almost forgotten election slogan once put it, "Failing the nation". They should therefore be taken into public ownership, er, or something.
It would indeed be a punishment for the mandarins if they were lectured and ordered to do better by the ordinary people they so despise, for our ignorance of "higher considerations" i.e. departmental policy.
In other news today, the deputy chief of the Home Office was ordered out of a parliamentary committee hearing for failing to give proper answers. That is an example of mandarinate arrogance.
It looks like a press release edited by an arts graduate who can manipulate words but not grasp their meaning.
Well said, sir!
U-235 has a half life of 700 million years, and U-238 of 4500 my. They are not the problem; it is fission products that are.
I believe, though I would like to see someone else do it first, that one can safely walk past a freshly manufactured fuel rod. But a rod just withdrawn from a reactor is spitting wild rates of radiation from isotopes with a half life of just a few minutes, and would probably kill you. So those rods are left in a deep pool of water for a year, until there are two main fission products left: caesium-137 and strontium-90. These have half lives of about 30 years.
A half life of 30 years makes them emit, weight for weight, over 50 times more radiation than the classical radium (half life ca 1700 years). They could, however, be useful for peaceful applications of radiation. This may be why the story mentions hospital uses. Or, as commented above, they can be turned into glass and buried.
I have read that much of the earth's internal heat comes from the decay of potassium-40 in the earth's crust, with a half life of many billions of years. So I calculated the internal temperature of a football-sized sphere of sodium strontium silicate (glass). It would be red hot at the centre. So burying glass needs some thought and design.
But the story is unconvincing, a cloud of ackamarackus to hide some real objective, which may even be as mundane as money.
At one place I worked, you could easily spot the chief security officer. Everywhere he went people asked to see his pass.
I am the Treasurer of my local town twinning committee. We use cheques for two main reasons: we do not have the business status to collect direct debits for subscriptions; and we require two signatures for payments. That latter is a protection for us committee officers as well as for the money.
Our German counterparts, however, use giro transfers to receive payments for the events they organise. I have not yet asked them about payments: do they need multiple authorisation, and if so, how is that arranged?
One problem we have: for every event we organise, some cheques arrive payable to the organiser personally rather than to the twinning association. Fortunately our bank is sympathetic to these things.
My experience of looking at outsourced code was to conclude that the coders never had a chance to query what the specification really meant. It may have been due to the price of phone calls from some countries, and also a reluctance by the outsourced bosses to admit to problems.
I have read that there are very few personal names used by the Chinese. How, then, does one distinguish Messrs Ho, Ho, and Ho?
Social security numbers, I suppose; or whatever the Chinese call them.We live in a world of sophists, economists, and calculators, wrote Edmund Burke long ago.
"makes Twitter look like a Mensa pub quiz".
Well written, sir! Have an upvote.
Can't they just put all their data into some marvellous cloud? Then all they need for each important staff member is a PC running MS Access. Bring Your Own would save costs, the Treasury might suggest.
Except, of course, they have to get data into the cloud. I suspect that is where the problems are.
No, this is not US non-recognition of foreigners. It seems to be hinting at the Naples version of the mafia, the Ndrangheta.
No, they were not respected by the plebs (e.g. my grandparents, on one side at least). It is a middle class delusion to say the police were respected - and they lost that respect after everyone bcame a motorist.
No, sir, not Owen's.
I guess my old place is not the only one now restricted to the rich.
Once upon atime, the activities of GCHQ and the other security services were limited to thwarting the efforts of states and other groups that were hostile or unsympathetic to us as a country. But since the "end of the Cold War" and the advent of the glorious "peace dividend", their activites have been extended to counter ordinary "serious crime". That's what happens when we are ruled by bean counters.
We are told they work against "organised crime", i.e. gangsters, and against child molesters. If they say so, perhaps; but meanwhile don't recycle too many goody-goody recyclables into the plain old black bag, and be careful what address you choose to get your child into a good school (*).
I would like to see the remit of the security services firmly reset to its old position of thwarting the Queen's enemies.
(*)When my old grammar school was made comprehensive, it was relocated to the most expensive suburb of that city, where my parents could never have afforded to live.
In the 1980s I was taught how to develop microcode for a processor built by Norsk Data. It was hard. There were different objects within the CPU addressed by different fields within a very long instruction word. These objects had to be kept working together consistently, and with regard to their timing needs.
It makes me wonder if things have evolved since then; whether perhaps one can do a software emulation of microcode; and whether such an emulation could be more rigorously tested.
People say they want secure, bug-free systems; but will they pay for them? Hell, no!
Why did the article give a clear table for the US Gov results but not for Netmarket and Statcount?
And what was the actual XP number for Netmarket?
It is a pity Microsoft do not have the same positive attitude to us users who demand a Windows 7+, not that 8/10 spyware rubbish.
They could even call it Windows 24/7, since it will probably take them until v24 to get things the way we want them as opposed to what MSFT marketing want.
I had to sort out various problems by looking at the output of the C preprocessor, to see the real code after the macros were deciphered.
However, the raw output contained an excessive amount of spaces and blank lines, and had to be edited and pretty-printed.
As others above have noted, code inspection must include some degree of machine verification. Like, does it actually compile, without warnings?
Virgin Internet struggle to hit two-nines reliability, let alone five-nines.
I did get as far as the QR code. Then on my PC I used a QR reader program I found via Google, which does seem to read other QR codes. But it would not recognise the GCHQ one.
I was given an Android tablet as a Xmas prezzie, but have not worked out how to read QR codes with it, using just the standard apps it came with. I can photograph them, but not decipher them.
"They" aboolished sterling bank notes of more then £5 during World War 2, to stifle the black market.
You delude yourseld. It is us, the plebs, who would suffer negative interest rates while the money rolls in for the banksters.
More seriously, the paper, at least as summarised in El Reg, does not mention the issue of trust. Also, it seems to be written in long words for little people.
I can't remember any specific examples, but I did notice that very few programmers ever got lists and pointers right.
Driving your own car is dangerous
Being driven by Google is dangerous
"Anyone not there for there debate is likely not competent to vote."
I strongly disgree. Most issues in politics are decided along party lines; most MPs are elected with the support of their party; in return they are expected to follow the party whip. Exceptions can be made where an MP has especially strong feelings or knowledge of a particular matter.
Few MPs are really interested in the whole range of issues that parliament deals with. So they generally support their party on "other issues", and expect their colleagues to repay that support when the issue is important to them. Those party mechanisms generally reflect the mood of the voters.
MPs are expected to answer constituents' letters (assisted by office staff) and where necessary to find the information for those answers, by asking ministers or researching other sources. There is more to being an MP than being gasbag lobby fodder. They are also expected to have a life outside parliament so they are better qualified to vote on matters before them.
So they bring outside knowledge to their vote, not just the proceedings of the debate. It would be entirely wrong to limit the vote to those in the debating chamber.
In return, the voters pass their own judgement every four or five years.
The EU parliament is much better organised. The voting divisions are held at a preset time. So MEPs can turn up a quarter hour before, find out the party line from their whips, and then proceed to do their democratic duty.
Saves listening to all those absurd foreigners.