Forced Downloads -- Do some digging. You can make them manual.
Telemetry -- Don't run the home version. In Pro or Ultimate, you can turn that telemetry off. In the home version there are a bunch of registry hacks to make, but it can be turned off there as well.
Averts -- You can remove those tiles from the start menu or you can install the free classic shell which will do away with the advertising in your start menu.
You can be notified of updates.
You can schedule updates.
I haven't seen the settings changes, but I started using Win10 a month ago on a work machine (I started at a place and they use Win10). I then upgraded one of my machines.
The memory dumps and the error reports are in the system. You have to look for them.