Re: re. Bootnotes
Trying to think how to explain it in terms a non-musician would understand.
Beat - you should generally be able to bang the table or your foot or something at a regular speed, and the changes in notes will generally fall into that beat. In a lot of music, the drummer will do pretty much that, in classical music, the conductor will wave a stick to keep time.
You may notice when listening to the beat, that one beat in every four for example is stronger than the other beats. That stronger beat represents the beginning of the bar.
In Britain we generally use words based on italian words to describe note lengths. These are as follows, with each one half the length of the previous one in the list
Breve, Semi Breve, Minum, Crotchet, Quaver, Semi Quaver
The Americans use english translations of the german words. These are as follows, with each one the same as the equivalent position in the previous list
Double note, whole note, half note, quarter note, eighth note, sixteenth note