73 posts • joined 3 Jul 2009
TSI isn't the whole story
The sun puts out much more UV radiation in active periods as opposed to quiet periods, enough so that the ionization of the upper atmosphere increases by more than a factor of two over the quiet periods. Not sure if/how these variations affect the weather, my guess is that the differing levels of UV may affect cloud formation.
I remember hearing about Pascal MT+ back in the early 80's, then ran across an ad for it in a 1981 issue of Byte Magazine. Looked at the address and realized it was a house a block away from where my kids attended 3rd through 6th grades.
Re: I wonder...
That's about what I remember as well. The ballot measure creating the California Coastal Commission was on the last state election that took place before I was old enough to vote.
Kind of nice to see the Commission go after the "big guys" for once, though they give way to much deference to the Hollyweird types.
Washington State law vs California law
If the applicable law is from the state of Washington then he won't have much of a case. OTOH, if the applicable law is from California, then Amazon can pretty much intercourse themselves as California permits enforcement of non-compete clauses in very narrowly defined circumstances AND Amazon would have to pay for the guy's salary during the duration of the non-compete clause.
One of the major reasons for Silicon Valley being what it is was that employees were free to move between companies.
Amazon would have a case if the guy divulged trade secrets, but they are pretty much barred from prior restraint in Calif.
Never thought much of Holdren
My first exposure to Holdren was in the run-up on the June 1976 California proposition on nuclear energy in the state. Holdren then claimed that coal would be safer than nuclear and with the proper technology the largest numbers of deaths from using coal would be people killed by coal trains at grade crossings. Why he assumed that after spending money to make the coal power plants safe, he didn't think that any money would be spent on improving grade crossing safety…
Seems to me that he is more of an activist pretending to be a scientist than a scientist turned activist.
Re: How well does it ramp?
The CSIRO solar steam turbine *might* be amenable to thermal energy storage. If so, this may allow the turbines to run for a few hours after sundown. There is a California based company proposing to store steam/water in LP tanks for use in multiple expansion steam engines.
Ionosphere Refracts, not Reflects
The ionosphere refracts radio waves, were the maximum angle of refraction is roughly proportional to the wavelength times the electron density. At a low enough frequency, the refraction angle can equal 180 degrees, where the low enough is on the order of 2 to 10 MHz depending on time of day and sunspot number.
Re: RV Flip
That's the first thing that came to mind when reading TFA. I first saw RV Flip on a San Diego Harbor cruise in 1965 and came close to scoring a tour of the ship a few years ago.
HP65? How about HP35?
I remember first reading about it in the March 1972 issue of Popular Electronics - in the Mac's Service Shop that was a carryover of when Electronics World was folded into PopTronics. Figured the slide rule was soon to be history.
For the Usains, the Bowmar Brains were another classic line.
Re: I'm shocked
Traffic Court has been there at least since the late 1960's, on the north side of CMB and just east of Kearney Villa Rd. To be fair, it doesn't really look like a courthouse.
Good excuse for lunch at The District
For those unfamiliar with Tustin, "The District" is a shopping center with several restaurants in what used to be part of MCAS Tustin. It also happens to be a very short ride from work...
Re: TROPICAL STORM Sandy
It was a hurricane until shortly before landfall and was an impressively large storm. Most of the damage came from the storm surge, coupled with coastline features that exacerbated the surge. The wind and rain from the hurricane caused relatively less damage than the hurricane that hit Long Island and parts north in 1938.
It is not incredibly difficult to make a house resistant to EF3 - EF4 tornadoes, and also not incredibly difficult to make part of a house survive an EF5 tornado. Many of the same details are useful for dealing with hurricanes. What's stupid is building stuff in flood zones of rivers.
As for water, reverse osmosis technology is becoming a practical source of water for arid areas with access to sea water (e.g southern California).
Security Applications International?
Science Applications International sounds more like it.
"U-2" toy plane from the 1960's?
My brother got it as a gift 1964-65, plastic sailplane like body with foam wings and timer for camera (127 film, half frame). He never got the thing to fly long enough to get a picture, but he was all of 9 years old at the time.
Re: Clueless rubes from somewhere else...
Take a look at the California ISO website sometime during late summer and pay special attention to the solar output versus statewide load. Solar production peaks at 12 Noon, where peak load typically occurs at 6PM. This is not exactly news as I heard a PG&E engineer caution solar power enthusiasts about the time difference between peak solar product and peak power system load circa 1975.
There have been proposals for solar thermal plants using molten salts as both a heat transfer mechanism and thermal storage mechanism, permitting several hours of electric energy production after sunset. Another work-around is to redesign structures to have a higher thermal mass, run the A/C like crazy when the sun is shining and using the stored "cool" after sunset.
Re: It's called a slash
QDOS/86-DOS/PC-DOS/MS-DOS copied much of the CP/M API much the same way that Linux copied the UNIX API, but it was a rather different beast underneath. The COPY command was more like the UNIX cp command than PIP, though COPY was internal to command.com. DOS did not have or need anything like the MOVECPM command. TSR capability was part of DOS from the 86-DOS days. MS-DOS 2.X introduced subdirectories, rudimentary stdin/stdout and a form of piping to be a bit more like UNIX.
Re: Dead boomers already?
The peak year for births in the US was 1957, so the baby boom in the US lasted well past the early 1950's. With life expectancies in the high 70's, it will a while before the boomers start dying off in large numbers. WW2 vets on the other hand are starting to get scarce, with the youngest at 85 - and a large number of baby boomers are children of WW2 vets.
My recollection is that the hangars are in Tustin (where I-405 splits off I-5 in Orange County). This is about 2 miles from where I now work, so may have to take some fresh air breaks next week.
MS and researching trademarks
Anyone remember the brouhaha over MS using "Internet Explorer" for its browser without checking to see if "Internet Explorer" was already trademarked?
For you Lost in Space fans...
The Cassinin was launched one day before the fictional launch of the Jupiter 2.
It is great to see that Cassini is still collecting data.
Re: Nut and Bolts
I heard it was the other way around, where the Packard built Merlins used SAE threads and were supposedly bit stronger than the original RR built Merlins.
Re: Important dimensions
But is standard (Stephenson) gauge still 16.5mm with a foot being 4mm long??
On this side of the lagoon, it's 3.5mm all the way, though I had one neighbor who preferred 3/16".
COPY != PIP
IIRC, PIP was a separate executable file, while COPY was internal to COMMAND.COM in at least 86-DOS if not QDOS. What M$ did to make PC-DOS 1.0 out of 86-DOS 1.14 was to change the prompt from A: to A>, added "DEL" as an alias for ERASE and not ship the SCP utilities such as the assembler, the Z80 code translator and READCPM.
86-DOS allowed AUX, CON and PRN to be treated as filenames, where CP/M required some gyrations to use device names in place of a disk filename.
Re: Get 'em in by Friday
Song title was Get 'em OUT by Friday - though I can se wanting to get the brew in by Friday...
Reminds me of when the Reg covered the giant hogweed invasion in New York state...
100 kg a microsatellite?
Sounds more like a mini-satellite to me. A microsatellite would be more along the lines of Vanguard 1, which weighed in at 1.5kg.
Silver and shiny
Cesium needs to be in an inert atmosphere to say silver and shiny. Perusing an MSDS on metallic cesium would discourage most people from wanting to deal with the non-radioactive stuff.
Don't you mean radioactive cesium?
Note that radio-isotopes can easily be detected at levels far below what would be considered harmful. As an example, Carbon 14 dating works because all food sources have some carbon-14 in them, but there has been no hysteria about removing carbon 14 from the food chain.
The global impact of radiation leakage from Fukushima is still dwarfed by the remnants of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. It is also even less of an issue on a global scale than naturally occurring radioactive materials such as the potassium 40 in your body.
The Milwaukee speeds were from timings aboard regular runs of the Hiawatha between Milwaukee and Chicago. While the peak DBHP occurred below 100 MPH. the loco's were still putting out a significant amount of power. One limitation for the top speed of steam locomotives is dynamic augment, which is lessened with 84 inch drivers and just three coupled axles on the 3463.
As far as the Pennsy T-1's, the design spec called for 100 MPH with 1,000 trailing tons.
Also bear in mind that larger American loading gauge allows for larger boilers - with the gas flow area being critical for power production.
I'd bet on the AT&SF Hudson - similarly design loco's used by the Milwaukee (Baltics on the CMStP&P) were hitting 105 - 110 MPH in regular service while pulling a much heavier train than the Mallard on its record run. The Pennsy T-1 would almost certainly be faster, there were reports of it hitting 125 MPH in service.
PWR's??? Make that BWR's
How can one take your posting seriously if you don't know the difference between a Pressurized Water Reactor and a Boiling Water Reactor? FWIW, Fukushima used BWR's.
PWR's can be set up for natural convection cooling, with the main problem in supplying make-up water to the secondary side.
The book came out several years ago
The authors made a pretty good argument that the rivets played an important role, and the press release does a very poor job of summarizing the book.
The key point is that the rivets on the first and last fifth of the ship had to be set by hand, which required that the rivets be made from wrought iron as opposed to steel. The rivets on the other three fifths of the ship were set with hydraulic clamps, which allowed the use of steel rivets. It is extremely difficult to make wrought iron with the same consistency as steel.
The authors pointed out that icebergs have a slushy surface, so an impact would cause the hull plates to bend rather than tear as would be the case of striking a coral reef. The failure of the rivets to hold the hull plates together allowed a much larger volume of water to enter the hull. Had the rivets held, the Titanic may have had enough pumping capacity to allow it to reach port or take a much longer time to sink.
The poor quality of rivets was by no means the only stupid mistake that lead to the sinking of the Titanic.
4,800A/m is the the magnetomotive force ("H") that the watch will withstand before malfunctioning. In free space, that will induce a flux density ("B") of 0.06T or 600 gauss. That's well below what a typical MRI magnet will produce, but high enough that you won't have to worry about letting your watch get close to conductors carrying high currents.
Re: ".. there may be a boom in the field in the coming years"
The XB-70 preceded the Viggen by a few years, though the canard on the '70 was smaller in relation to the main wing than was the case for the Viggen.
The aircraft in the picture reminded me of the "flying sub" from Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea.
Prior art on LED color mixing
I remember an article in a 1970's issue of Model Railroader magazine about using a combined red/green LED to model a 3 color searchlight signal. The red and green aspects were naturally generated by lighting the respective elements of the LED, the yellow aspect was simulated by rapidly alternating between red and green. It would seem obvious to anyone skilled in the art that PWM could be used to control the level of mixing.
If we're going to have a storage equivalent of Godwins law, we might as well name it after the first lady of programming...
Anti-neutrons do exist
The reason that the anti-proton has a negative charge is that the anti-quarks that make up the anti-proton have the opposite charge from the quarks that make up a proton. The proton contains two quarks with plus 2/3 charge and one with minus 1/3 charge. The neutron contains 1 quark with plus 2/3 charge and two with minus 1/3 charge for a net charge of zero. The anti-neutron contains two anti-quarks with plus 1/3 charge and one anti-quark with minus 2/3 charge.
ZFS takes care of reason "E" in two ways. First is a much larger checksum, making it unlikely that disk errors will pass unnoticed. Second is disk scrubbing that regulars reads all of the disk data to spot incipient disk failure, usually signaled by read retries.
Oxygen vacancies - not that odd of an idea
If the oxygen vacancy leads to formation of unpaired electron spins, then there would be an associated magnetic flux. Since there are many materials where the resistance is dependent on magnetic flux, the presence or absence of unpaired spins could have an effect on resistance.
Chua's postulated interaction of charge and flux doesn't make too much sense in classical electrodynamics, but does make more sense at the quantum level.
Interaction chrage and flus
Leon Chua's original definition was an interaction of charge and flux - more precisely a relationship between dphi/dt and dq/dt. The simplest physical mechanism I can think of is that the charge is a set of spins (i.e. charge) and their associated magnetic flux - a form of spintronics if you will. I don't particularly see it coming out of classical electrodynamics (Maxwell's equations) in the same way as a resistor, capacitor or inductor.
I was impressed with Professor Chue's teaching style in EECS 105, ended with my one and only A+ at Cal (this class was also my introduction to SPICE). He mixed in some real world examples with is discussion of the theory.
Thought Cardiff was only 33 degrees N
Oh that's Cardiff and not Cardiff-by-the Sea.... (Latter being 117d16m W, 33d01m N).
Cold for San Diego
FWIW, 50F (15C) was the nighttime low, the high temp being closer to 65F (18C). This pretty well matched the typical lows and highs in coastal San Diego for June and July 2010.
Might slightly increase the likelyhood of meltdowns
The main concern about "the grid" during a solar storm is large DC currents flowing through the windings of the transformers that terminate long distance transmission lines. To save save and money on electrical insulation, the high voltage windings are Wye "Y" connected with a grounded neutral. This allows the common mode (zero sequence) currents to flow from the ground on one transformer to the ground of another. The concern is that there is not enough resources to repair more than a handful of the transformers in a short period of time.
The simplistic way of preventing damage to the transformers is to open up the disconnect switches or circuit breakers. The problem is that these devices are designed to open currents with zero crossings (i.e. AC) and may have problems disrupting a large DC current.
A better solution is to equip the long AC lines with series capacitors, which will also improve power flow. These would prevent DC current from flowing (realizing that DC current is redundant) and likely prevent the damage from geomagnetic storms.
HVDC lines may be a different story.
Having trouble recognizing sarcasm?
This is Lewis at his finest, taking some story that has a bunch of scaremongers doing their best at scaremongering and making great fun of it.
Then again, he might be off his meds...
Venus based workstation?
If my math is correct, the performance of the Venus processor is above 100 gigaflops per socket. While the total power consumption of the K supercomputer is pretty outrageous, the watts per socket figure is quite reasonable for a desktop.
U233 is relatively nice for weapons
As other posters have pointed out, "U233" has a high gamma output from the U232 that comes as part of the U233 production process, much the same way that Pu240 is produced in conjunction with Pu239. The main gamma line from U232 is relatively low energy and is thus easy to shield to the point where it isn't a major threat to personnel (not so easy to shield from an isotope identification survey).
The "It's tough being a bug" feature at Disney's California adventure had something similar in the seats, designed to feel like bugs crawling under your seat. An even earlier and cruder form of this was the seats in the "Rocket to the Moon" ride back in the 60's and early 70's, the seats vibrated to simulate the vibrations of a real rocket.
If there is any water around, the Cesium will react to form CsOH plus hydrogen gas. Melt-downs from slow uncovering of the fuel (e.g. TMI and Fukushima) still leave copious amounts of water in the reactor vessel to react with the cesium. The earlier estimates for 60% did not take water into account.
The experience with TMI was that six orders of magnitude less radioactive iodine was released compared to what had been expected.
Correction on Libel suit
Tim Paterson "rebuke" by the judge was not due to lack of a case, it doesn't take much digging to demonstrate that QDOS had seriously different internals than CP/M, e.g. INT 21H calls for accessing the API, FAT versus bitmap for managing disks, COPY as a built-in command.com function versus the external PIP, etc.
The rebuke was that Tim Paterson was supposedly a "public" person and thus had to meet a higher standard for libel than a private person.
MS-DOS on SCP hardware
DOS on Seattle Computer Products could address over 900K of memory. Tim Paterson mentioned that Microsoft kept a couple of SCP machines around for linking the linker. Since SCP machines were normally used with terminals, there was no need to set aside memory for the display.
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