"This legislation is designed ..."
This is not legislation. It's recommendations for possible future action by a recognised set of professional bodies. You may have been influenced by the use of the words, "... sanctions that are proportionate to the nature of the offence ..."; which seems to be about an offence to professional standards, not an offence in law.
Sadly, the law lags behind the development of techniques in many areas of scientific development, especially information technology and data processing. Also, the companies that stand to make lots of money from this have access to politicians and senior civil servants; hence they can influence the law, or lack of it.