Re: insert Benjamin Franklin quote on freedom
Took me a moment, but well done!
Your name is proven inappropriate.
427 posts • joined 2 Jul 2008
Took me a moment, but well done!
Your name is proven inappropriate.
Taxes for contractors aren't actually as generous as many believe.
Corp tax is 20% ish, depending on the year. Out of this are taken expenses. For a services contractor, expenses are fairly low, and there is a special VAT scheme that recognises this.
This applies in all cases, unless there's some evasion scheme or other.
To actually get the money from the company to your pocket there's a few methods. You could pay a salary, and pay paye. You then pay paye taxes, between 10 to 40%. Alongside that, there's national insurance, both employee and employer.
Both PAYE and NI are blocked as expenses against the Corp tax liability and act to reduce it.
You'll end up with an effective rate of around 35-45% on all money received by the contractors company if you do this. This is high.
The alternate method, you pay dividend to the owner of the company. This is taxed at 10%. You then declare this income, along with a small salary and pay personal taxes on it.
These are similar in rate to PAYE.
The big tax missing from this system is employer side NI. So you gain around 12%.
You'll end up with an effective tax rate, over everything, of between 25-35%.
This is one of the reasons employers like contractors, the removal of employer NI. They can just pay it directly to the contractor, through a really simple invoicing system.
If you sign up to IR35, expenses are removed and employer side NI are added, and you end up paying more than the average employee, due to the employee never seeing employer side NI or realising it's there (it's added on top of your salary).
Contracting can be a good life, I recommend it. The vast majority of contractors arrange things the way I describe.
Tax is necessary to sustain our civilisation, however I don't like the jump to declare it a 'moral' thing to do.
Gave me a window on computing.
It was awesome.
I fear James Anderson and bitmap animal have got me bang to rights there on the first two paragraphs and I was wrong.
I stand by my third paragraph (that is until someone pulls that to bits as well)
As a pragmatic libertarian (if there is such a thing), I have a loathing of tax being seen as a 'good thing'. I agree that it's necessary for a high functioning civilization, but is still fundamentally theft applied via the states monopoly on force. So I certainly don't embrace it and shiver whenever the state is invoked to overpower a section of society for the 'common good', whatever the intentions.
The bit that is missed in this discussion (about income tax brackets) is VAT. VAT is applied at every point in the value chain. It is then ultimately charged to consumers, individuals. Since this doesn't take into account relative income, it falls disproportionately harder on lower income individuals. I'm convinced (although I have no proof to hand) that this has a larger effect that income tax.
There are a variety of VAT exemptions designed to mitigate this. From a certain point of view, they could be seen as tax breaks one stuff needed to live, food, childrens clothes etc. I see it as the government not demanding it's pound of flesh in certain circumstances.
Also, it turns those of us that own/ run businesses into unpaid tax collectors operating on behalf of HMRC, on pain of fine/ jail. Do not annoy the VAT man, he is far less forgiving than the other side of HMRC.
Well done on writing an article solely to deliver that line.
I salute you!
apparently, publicly posting personal details such as address and phone number with the intention that they are then harassed by others.
Repeat after me 'tax breaks do not equal a subsidy'
Try a passport! It's awesome.
First world = western liberal democracies.
Second world = communist.
Third world = everyone else.
This does not mean what you think it does. Yes UAE is third world, a term so thoroughly debased as to be meaningless.
I just can't believe Apple would spend $3bn to get their hands on streaming technology. The technology behind media streaming hasn't been innovative for at least 10 years. There's nothing really that they could add that would make a difference beyond what apple already has or is industry standard.
It has to have been more than this, with the most likely thing being the brand and to a lesser extent the hardware.
Tim, any chance of an article describing what the economic cycle actually is?
It get's bandied around as if it's a fixed thing, but seems to be very ill defined, at least in media usage.
Strange understanding of economies here. I don't recognise the world you paint as reality.
Frankly, it's an 'employee' mindset, where you believe the forces of the economy are run for abstract concepts like 'the company', or 'the state'. Not recognising that both of those things are simply convenient labels on groups of people. They are fictional. This is one of the reasons why macroeconomics is essentially guess work, you are attempting to generate a model that describes trillions of human interactions.
The idea that the entirety of the human involvement in the economy could be replaced with an AI is completely fanciful, as it completely misrepresents what that economic activity is for. It doesn't exist for it's own benefit, ultimately there are owners of all companies which are people.
Whether it's pension funds, 'the state', individuals, via other companies. It simply doesn't matter, people own everything. The fact that you feel somewhat powerless when faced with the economy doesn't change this.
So, in any new economy, that wouldn't change unless we give AI ownership rights.
Everything flows from that.
Unless your hyper intelligent AI can displace us as the owners of stuff, the economy will always be run for the benefit of humanity, either in whole or in part.
Before modern economies formed, everyone had to make their own economic activity just to eat. If push comes to shove, that will happen again. AI's may be able to do all jobs, but would they actually do that?
What would really happen is that humans, the drivers and consumers of all economic activity, would be shoved higher up the value chain. Some people won't make it, but the majority of us will. Look around London right now, the population has moved away from mass manufacture into mostly knowledge work. (outside of London, it's more weighted towards light manufacture).
We've had huge automation, really, massive. This should be seen as part of the great industrialisation move. If this didn't happen, we would still, for the most part, be doing subsistence agriculture. That's not a good life.
So, bring on these magical AIs, they will not have the effect you believe they will.
That seems a very odd position to take. AI is far from being capable of emulating a human, if that's every going to be possible. There are very, very specific things that robots can do, and we use them to good effect in those, but outside that, not possible.
It also misses the point on where and by whom people are employed. Companies are 'legal persons', so they can make contracts, but that doesn't make them real. They are fictional social constructs that we find it convenient to keep around.
People are the only thing, the market is made of individuals acting out their desires. Companies act the way they do as an aggregation of the humans owning them and those working in them.
What this boils down to is that, if there were mass layoffs, then those people will build a new economy for themselves.
The UK economy is not dominated by large employers, far from it. SMEs employ around 60% of all the workforce, up to 10% (according to some estimates) are freelancers and self employed.
All of them together are focused on finding something to do that people will pay them for, creating new value where before there was none.
A robot could be a useful tool in making that more efficient, but replace the people entirely?
Not. A. Chance. What would be the point? You'd destroy the economy, which is made up solely of the people.
Welfare is not the answer, it's a temporary fix. Education on how economies work, and how you can work that to your advantage is.
surely you aren't saying that charities will perform DDOS extortion attacks?
Or that the next logical step for cyber crims is to employ chuggers?
It's a conspiracy!
"The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man"
Elon Musk seems to be the archetype of this. Unreasonable at every level, reshaping the world on a grand scale.
We need people like this, I'm not totally sure we'd get along :-)
The article image is for Pivotal CF, which is the commercial derivative of cloud foundry that Pivotal makes. It is not open source.
Cloud foundry has been open source since the start, which is now a bunch of years ago. The work Microsoft have done is on the deployment side of things, the bosh tool. This means that it can be easily (<cough>) deployed to azure using the standard tooling for cloud foundry.
Ah, good old terry. I miss him.
With a clear text protocol it's then trivial to alter the digest in flight.
To make this work, you need to establish a cryptographic chain of trust to ensure that the server you think is sending you data actually is.
Establishing that trust is the key, and is what ssl certs are used for. You delegate trust to a central authority that acts as a mediator. That they are also used to establish a fully encrypted transport is a separate thing to my mind.
All the financial and operational costs will still be there. The minimal runtime overhead of always on encryption on't be, but it's really small.
It's a fair point, however all employment and service contracts for banks have very wide ranging copyright assignment clauses. These are to the point that if you work on something, say some open source, out of working hours then the employer owns it, not the employee.
Algorithms of this type are highly sought after, and are a valuable thing.
He deserved to be punished for this, it was theft.
I'm sure it was some dude called chad...
Methinks Dan doth protest too much.
The benefits of containers are really twofold, one is efficiency for ops, the others is standardisation for development.
For ops, containers really can be seen as just the next step in virtualisation. They give lower isolation guarantees than VMs, which in turn give lower guarantees than bare metal. Containers give much of the same benefits as VMs too, potentially denser deployment of software.
This density can be seen in the lower overhead they have as compared to VMs
Memory overhead of just booting a VM on vsphere (ie, before the OS is loaded)
Comparison of VMs and containers (PDF)
Overall, containers have a lower penalty on CPU usage, and a much lower overhead on memory usage, as the guest OS and hypervisor penalties are removed. This comes at the cost of using linux as the host and overall lower isolation. It's a trade off. For the linux as host point, it has a larger surface area to attack as compared to VM hypervisors.
For development, the container acts as a standardised deployment artifact, that is much, much, much (really) smaller than a VM image. It'll effectively be the application binaries, with supporting scripts. The lower levels are stored as seperate portions and downloaded separately.
They are a good tool, and not a replacement for VMs. Instead, it let's use be a bit more nuanced in the way things are done. They certainly will replace VMs in many situations, but by no means all, and probably not the majority, in my opinion.
This is correct. Ministers happen to be mostly picked from the commons, but this is not a necessity.
The office of MP and HM minister are separate.
I read that as
"HBase is a non-relational, distributed database for Hadoop"
"Hadoop is written on blueprint of Google’s MapReduce"
Which is correct, no?
It's not a replacement for HTTP per se. It's a transport that sits underneath HTTP. So HTTP 1.1 traffic will still flow, but over a SPDY link rather than vanilla TCP.
In this way, it can understand the HTTP traffic flowing over it and enhance it. For example, getting the multi connnections over a single TCP socket, which HTTP totally messed up with the aborted pipelining feature (all browsers switch that off, because it's broken).
No, the one does not follow the other.
Hacking tools are built by clever devs, yes. They are sometimes picked up by script kiddies, sure. Where the vulnerability information they are based on comes from is an open question.
There are established market places for information like this, which wouldn't be the case if it all came from public disclosure reports. It seems likely that a goodly proportion of the data publicly disclosed is actually being rediscovered by legitimate researchers, and is in use already as an attack vector.
Publicly disclosing ASAP in those cases is essential.
Part of the problem is that it's very often unclear when those cases are, hence some in the industry leaning towards general disclosure (as Google and Linus promote), and others leaning towards selective disclosure.
If we're to occupy the high moral ground in relation to terrorism we've first of all got to get there.
Last I heard they hadn't moved amazon.com onto AWS.
It was more of a re-use of skills, tech and systems to build a new product area rather than somewhere to put amazon.com onto
Might not be the case now
This is a complete fallacy. Embassies are NOT part of their sponsoring country.
The treaty of Vienna is the root of most agreements regarding embassies. It talks about access to the embassy by the forces of the host being by agreement of the ambassador. Not territorial exchange, no claims.
This is international treaties, that our government has signed up to.
I don't want politicians who can use html, I want politicians who ask awkward questions like "why are we locking all these people up for drug possession when all the evidence is that it doesn't work, and exactly why do we need a nuclear deterrent when if it ever gets used it will because the country has ceased to exist?"
You had me until there. Drugs policy isn't quite comparable to a nuclear deterrent. I'd generally agree with you on drugs policy, the evidence isn't there, more research required. We've got a penal system built around rehabilitation, not vengeance, so the policies that puts people into it should be in tune with that.
Nuclear deterrent isn't the same thing. It's stated aim was to prevent another world war, by making war between the great powers too terrible to contemplate. In that, it seems to have succeeded... There was never a war between the first and second worlds (to use the old terms), only small scale proxy conflicts that gave enough of a gap that the main blocks could back out without risking their own destruction.
So, 50 years worth of evidence says that a nuclear deterrent does what it says on the tin.
I'm not sure that scientists are really the right people, as a group, to be in charge of policy. Technocracy seems as poor a choice as anything else. One group, believing they know better. Politics is not science, no matter how much we want it to be. Not defending the current state of affairs, however politics is often making fixed decisions in the absence of good enough information. Science is not, it's the pursuit of that information.
I think that we should go back to the old greek system. Politics as a punishment. Lots are cast, and the losers are the ones that have to serve for a year, and they should be regularly punished for mistakes. Make the job horrible, so that no one wants it. Anyone who wants power is fundamentally untrustworthy.
In Stalybridge, Tameside.
They're blaming storm damage.
they still do a reasonably good line in awesome ideas. http://www8.hp.com/hpnext/posts/discover-day-two-future-now-machine-hp
Execution, still waiting :-(
If HP drop, there'll be very, very few companies still doing basic materials research beyond the 'make it smaller' that the fabs can do themselves.
Never had a blackberry before, but I'm going to get one of these.
I'm with Tim on this one, debasing a word to try to manipulate people doesn't help a cause.
Reduction inequality is a laudable goal in an of itself when you're attempting to gain a more equal society for the expected social good that brings; why not discuss that up front?
In 2009 (from memory, might have been '08), poverty in the UK dropped for the first time in a while. The reason? Not because incomes went up, in fact they went down. No, the financial crisis meant that the median income dropped, thus meaning that many people on 13kish a year went from being in poverty, to being out of poverty. No change in financial conditions, food actually became more expensive in the period, yet they were now part of the celebration that poverty was being reduced. I found this quite distasteful.
There is a stated goal of ending child poverty in the UK, according to the relative median income measure. The most straight forward way to do this is to take a significant proportion of those earning above that median and sack them. This will have the desired effect, however it will also tank the economy.
By using a relative, percentage based measure, you will find that it is statistically virtually impossible to eliminate child poverty in a functioning economy.
This is one cost of debasing words, you lose the ability to have rational discussions using them, because the concepts they used to describe are being rewritten by anyone who wants to, in any way they see fit.
New network protocols required to be adopted. Unless you tunnel it over http, it's not going to be easy these days :-(
I think they're maybe missing a trick. The old "should you use many or much".
1 huge is many of not very much as all the processors are a few generations behind, but there's loads and loads of them in not very much space. For some types of app, this could be epic. We're building lots of microservice based apps, this fits perfectly. If you run on an app on a software VM (eg, the V8/ Node VM , Java JVM etc), whether you are on Intel or ARM makes no difference to the code itself, the VM handles all that.
Personally, I want to see what The Machine would be able to do, if it ever comes out, this feels like something of a halfway house to that piece of HP magic.
Transcoding and rendering are unrelated.
This allows people using Maya, blender(?) etc to gain extra compute/ storage power to generate new video. Transcoding that into an mpeg suitable for iPad afterwards, for example, is what you'd go to AWS' elastic transcoder service for.
The BBC were waiting for the police to arrive at his house, therefore they weren't just aware that there was an investigation in progress, but the date and time of the raid. That information was given to them, by the police, by their own admission.
The reason they gave was they the BBC said "we'll wait to publish if you tell us when the raid is", which they agreed to.
This is wrong, the BBC shouldn't be proposing deals like this, but the police should certainly not accept them.
What is now happening is that they are effectively investigating him completely in public, while he's not in the country. So, they haven't given him notification or questioned him yet, it might come to nothing.
To my mind, that seems somewhat prejudicial. By all means say "wait for the evidence", but this is trial by mob.
In these cases, there are broadly two totally conflicting and opposed points of view; one side says "we need to publicise the name so that others have the courage to come forward", like with Saville and the others over the past few months. On the other side, these allegations will never leave him now, he will forever be branded 'pervert', no matter the result of the investigation or any subsequent court case
A complex ethical question like this deserves a thoughtful answer, not the blunt destructive tool that is trial by media and collusion by the police with journalists.
It doesn't use LXC anymore, it uses it's own library called libcontainer instead, as of version 1.
Both base onto the kernel primitive containerisation stuff like cgroups that Google originally contributed in.
if an object is truly that big, then if you were to break it up and the earth were to be hit by the resulting buckshot, we'd be burned to a crisp by the firestorms that would sweep the globe as the debris entered the atmosphere and heats it up hundreds of degrees due to the thousands of compression waves all at once. So it wouldn't really help....
android is linux.
It actually appears that they are adding debian compatible libraries to an android distribution.
There, I've bitten.
Which begs the question.... why didn't they go with the F1? That thing worked.
Raises the question.
Begging the question is a rhetorical device where you try to ask (/ verbally coerce) your listeners to assume that your point of view (a potential answer to the 'question'), is a given and can be assumed; when in fact, it cannot.
I'd still quite like my jetpack, but this is really cool.
That's strange, I know no one that cooks bacon in oil.
I've heard of it, but never come across it outside of the papers.
However, cooking bacon in a pan just used to cook a good steak in adds a while extra layer of flavour to the bacon sarnie.
Time to break out the bacon now.
Would the reg fancy doing a comparison of openstack, cloudstack, eucalyptus, the many faces of vmware... ?
If so, I'd love to read it. Openstack seems to take the headlines, but everything I've read so far says that cloudstack is an easier install, eucalyptus is the most mature of the open(ish) source ones and vsphere et al is simply better. I want to be corrected, but the hype is a PITA.
These things can all be automated away. It really is possible to do deployments this often, including full regression testing.
As already noted, if you have hundreds of components, which I'm sure they do, these deploy schedules aren't particularly heavy.
Internally, Amazon and AWS use web services heavily. In this instance that means that there are hard contracts for using services, each service expects to be abused, and you can have multiple versions of an API in use at any once time.
This gives a huge tolerance in the system for change.
They have also obviously invested very heavily in serious amounts of automation. They certainly will be able to throw up environments simulating full data centres for regression testing.
David Dawson: "Being treated equally does not mean being treated the same."
Uhuh. What precisely does that mean? Please explain. I need to know. Really, I do.
What do the NSA and gender feminist ideologues have in common? The same mindwarping semantic word games.
This is the first time I've ever been called a feminist. I think I might have a good cry ;-)
If you look, I'm not actually spouting feminist ideology, the opposite in fact, and I did explain, you just didn't care to read it.
I don't want a world where all women are treated the same as I am, as there aren't any 6'6" ginger northern english women software developers.
I think of myself as an individualist. Everyone should be equal under the law, but that doesn't mean they are treated the same way, as they aren't all the same.
David, are you comparing being a women to being handicapped and wheelchair bound? Absolutely disgusting, I expect some level of sexism when I'm on the internet but this just goes way over the line.
HAHAHAHAHAHAHA ... HAHAHA ...
( ... got tired of laughing ... )
I make a comment saying that someone should be valued as an individual, and you turn it into this. To answer "is being born a (wo)man (your choice) like being born into a wheel chair". Yes, it is, to an extent.
You get weird stereotypes applied to you all the time, forced into patterns of behaviour you don't want, denied certain opportunities for no reason than an accident of birth. Sure, that actually fits the point I'm making.
Deal with people. Some people need different things, that's the world. Trying to stick everyone into a generic box marked 'human' and thinking that's equality is delusion.
BTW, are you saying someone born into a chair is less valuable than a woman? (don't answer, that was hyperbole)
I expect some delusion when I'm on the internet, but this is AMAZING. ;-)