83 posts • joined 4 Jan 2008
Re: No price war
We've found that Amazon costs are about double the cost of doing it ourselves. That includes datacenter pace/power/cooling, physical equipment, network, and all associated staff to deal with it.
Amazon, etc are great if you don't have the staff to maintain the infrastructure or you are starting out where spending money on the datacenter is not as good investment as in developers, etc to make your product better. But once you get to a certain capacity, the clouds costs are really out of line compared to doing it yourself.
Re: To use or not to use computers, that is the question
Ummm... no your family car didn't lose it's "drive by wire steering" a few years back, And I'm pretty damn positive your friend also didn't lose his drive by wire steering either. The first production car Q50 that had drive by wire steering came out summer of 2013.
What you probably did have was "electronic power steering" which is dramatically different than "drive by wire steering".
Re: I thought Netflix had its own fat pipes
That's the interesting twist in the whole Net Neutrality thing. January last year Netflix was doing to ISP's what Neutrality was supposed to prevent. Unless your ISP enters into Netflix's OpenConnect, they intentionally give you a lower quality picture (after loud screaming by ISP's over Net Neutrality in September they gave in and allowed all ISP's high quality streams).
This is where I think the world is really going, rather than ISP's being the boogie man, I think the few really big websites, etc are going to start throwing around their weight and try to push ISP's to directly peer with them etc. or give them crappier service. Which under the current Net Neutrality law is legal since they aren't an ISP.
Re: More lols from
Umm... historically Cisco pretty much been the worst on creating proprietary protocols that only they support. Heck they have their own Cisco proprietary protocols wiki page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Cisco_protocols
Re: obvious question
The obvious answer is that... if they did it without removing, the attacker would have been there when the owner walked into the room catching them doing it. Because they removed it from the room, when he came there was no one there to accuse, even though the attack was found out, the attackers remain anonymous.
US will continue to complain... why wouldn't they?
Since absolutely nothing has actually come from US complaints about China, etc spying. I've always thought of it as purely a public way of saying "hey guys you need to be better at spying because it's way too obvious to us. We know you are going to be spying on us, but when you get caught so obviously we are going to publicly shame you for being so lame".
Seriously does anybody think that if you found another country spying on you, that you would intentionally keep it secret (other than in a Churchill keep it quiet that we broke the codes way)?
Asked to via hardware not code
While I wasn't asked to code a NP problem, I have a hardware equivalent request. Was asked to find a solution for a system where they wanted to add 50 million new files a day, and compare each file with 2 billion existing files. In short it ended up mathematically to wanting to do something around 3 million random file updates per second. That is something technically I could do with a large chunk of money, but then they told me they wanted to do it over NFS to a shared dataset which I just started to laugh maniacally. I think they got the point as shortly thereafter they rewrote things.
I'm willing to believe him
As I'm able to buy and run storage from a TLA vendor who starts with an "E" (who also isn't known for being cheap) even after factoring in power, cooling, admin costs, replicating to a different datacenter, etc for half the price of hosting the same amount of data in Amazon... I'd be willing to believe that someone else could do it as well.
Re: I don't think it's fair...
Watching my neighbors car have an internal combustion engine fire in his driveway, I can say that the water used by the firefighters worked extremely well in putting it out.
Re: Yup going to the cloud is inevitable !
I wouldn't say that "Amazon and Microsoft and probably Google are sure to survive". Nirvanix was around for ~6 years, from my experience all I'd I'd say that in the IT business there aren't any guarantees what will be left standing in the wake of change 6 years from now. In 2003 did anybody think Sun would be flailing so badly and sell itself off 6 years later to Oracle in 2009? There are no sure bets, if you need to make a bet, the best thing to do is hedge them and plan for something bad to happen eventually to your provider and either keep a copy of your dataset on premise or across cloud providers.
IT has a huge boneyard of riddled corpses from once huge won't fail companies: Wang, Sequent, SGI, Digital, Novell, Netscape, Cray, Burrows...
Re: I can see it coming...
To an extent, but one of the problems I see with the laws currently is that end websites are not under net neutrality laws either. That seems like something we need not worry about but look at Netflix with their required peering rules, which is using the net neutrality rules to force ISP's to pay to use their specified peers or they will intentionally downgrade end users experience... which seems like something the net neutrality laws were put in place to prevent. The big content providers are doing just what you said "you'll only get into the routing tables if you're in the club" and there are no laws against it. The fact that websites are saying to ISP's, pay up to peer with us or we will make your customer's experience worse is rather is just as bad as ISP's doing it.
That's not my interpretation of ViPR
My interpretation of ViPR is the equivalent of self service for internal infrastructure organizations. If the VMware guys need more storage, they don't have to talk to the storage guys they can just do it via a self-service portal (self service for other infrastructure guys, not end users). If the windows admin guys need more storage for a server they can do it via self-service portal, unix guys, etc. So if you have one platform of storage, or you have 50x it doesn't matter as it's the self-portal portion that they are bringing to the table.
It's not really that new of a concept, i.e. VMware and Oracle have had the ability to carve up storage from an array for years now, but it's something I believe in general most places have been very wary to allow non-storage guys to do... I'll have to wait and see if it brings the proper controls in place to let me feel comfortable allowing non-storage guys to provision directly from the arrays.
Support for more than 256 luns?
At EMC world one of the guys hinted that there might be a fix for that at VMWorld.. I've got 150+ separate oracle databases, when doing the practice of separation of types (redo, data, temp, arch) per instance runs me over the lun count really quickly. If Oracle weren't such asses about licensing it wouldn't be an issue as I'd just spread it across different ESX clusters and have fewer instances in each one.
I'd suggest you lookup "ammo reloading" on Google and see that option is even less controllable than 3D guns. Many people don't do it because the cost savings aren't that much comparatively, but increase the cost and they will. It's been done for decades by people so it's well understood, and doesn't take specialized electronic equipment like a 3D printer.
So under that definition I could dump every government document (including username, passwords, credit card, social security numbers, etc) completely indiscriminately and but because in the massive bundle there was some stuff that was illegal... it's all good you are a whistleblower. You can dump anything you want but as long as you have some small part that includes something bad everything else you did is simply OK.
Re: Twitter twaddle
EMC has been playing that game since... well a long time (when did their WideSky initiative kick off?). The problem always has been (and will continue to be) other vendors don't want to play. It's the same problem SNIA's SMI-S standard has languished forever, vendors don't like others in their sandbox, either only supporting the bare minimum in SMI-S (none of the actual things that make vendor <X> storage cool), if they support it at all.
I'd say that EMC has gone from completely closed down (had to pay EMC to make all your changes) to pretty open (their new mgmt tools everything is done via SMI-S)... but I doubt they'll get other vendors as much on the on the SMI-S bandwagon and will have to play the reverse engineering game or not support vendor <X>, cause at the end of the day vendors make shedloads of money off of their lack of management interoperability.
Re: so, what's new?
Talking with my DBA counterpart a while back he was saying that with 12c Oracle is able to use a shared SGA across DB instances. Where today if you have 5 different instances you have to have 5x different SGA, which made playing with memory parameters "interesting": tuning how much memory each database needed and it requires a bounce of the instance to change, to take from one to give to the other required outage of both. That sounded more like my understanding of how MS SQL works where you have a 1x instance on a box with multiple databases running off it (note I'm not a Oracle DBA, and definitely not a MS SQL guy).
Additionally grid is dead long live the cloud... my guess is it will take off in the cloud about as much as the grid did.
Re: Microsoft *has* NOT won. AT ALL.
As a unix user/admin for multiple decades you are completely ignorant of reality. Really look around at the patent fights that are going on, anybody who believes Linux, etc have no infringing patents is just plain stupid. Seriously just look at the things others are getting sued over and now tell me that there is nothing in Linux that infringes. From stupid bounce-back patents to online shopping carts to how music is sorted... heck just last week bunch of podcasters were sued for infringing patents.
The belief that MS has no case is simply void of any actual critical thinking and is more a delusional fantasy... seriously put the smallest amount of mental effort behind it and think for a second.
Is this the 90's again?
Wasn't legalized fed wiretap ability the argument Clinton made about the clipper chip back then? Let it die already.
In 2007 Virgin TV had 3.6 million subscribers, since the numbers of decliens aren't known publicly. I have worked at a monthly subscription based ISP previously the number of declined charges we had were more than 1% of the subscriber base (I don't know the exact numbers but more than 1% and less than 10%), so with ~3.6 million subs no matter where you are in the range (1-10%) we are talking a rather large numbers of declines monthly (30-300k per month), which would be something rather costly to deal with by hand just to catch the odd unformatted text string .
Re: @Tom 35
Do you know why they have an exception in the first place? Over a decade ago, it came up and the reason given that they should be exempt from sales tax is that when it was enacted (Al Gore was still VP) the government ruled that because shopping on the Internet was very new, but they believed it had great potential and didn't want to hinder it's growth. So to give shopping on the Internet an explicit competitive edge to grow into actually something, they decided to not tax it until it got big enough to sustain itself. Is there any doubt anymore that shopping on the Internet is now able to stand on it's own two feet and no longer needs help from the government anymore? Why does shopping on the Internet need a government mandated cost advantage anymore? I think the Internet has grown up from the 90's and doesn't require getting a government advantage to compete with every other business anymore...
Re: Do your civic duty
Spread over only 144 total cameras all things being equal that averages to a income of $730.59 per day per camera.... holy shikey
Re: Yes but
Problem is that from a normal home power plug estimates a 2 day charge time, which means that you wouldn't be able to have a full charge daily.
The other big massive hole I see in this is that unless I keep my garage heated I will be losing money. Where gas powered vehicles, the power source just gets cold with the Tesla it goes poof into the air so it probably is dramatically worse for the environment as it consumed electricity from the grid, the cold whether took it away and you have to pay and use more resources from the grid to recharge a vehicle sitting still.
Not a windows guy and I didn't see any MS presentations on it, but the way one of the windows admins pitched it to me back in the day; was less on metadata stuff and more of a transaction based filesystem where you have equivalent of redo logs, etc than would allow you to roll a filesystem forward/backward in time and be able to replicate a filesystem by doing log shipping. As a storage guy that part seemed rather interesting to me.
Re: How fast?
Assume a fully pegged 10gig network interface usable capacity is ~2.8TB/hour (1000MB/sec * 3600sec * 80% usable). So to hit a rate of 16.3 TB/hr means it would need to support a sustained injest rate of 5.6x 10gig ethernet interfaces fully consumed.
If they can actually get anywhere near that for non perfectly designed benchmarketing workloads color me surprised... as I'm guessing that it's simply another storage vendor magical stat.
Re: Meanwhile KVM gets more developers
Better performance? That's very subjective and not what I've experienced. I would say that the general consensus on the net is that KVM trails ESX but true the gap that KVM is behind isn't as wide as it used to be.
Yup KVM doesn't have a license cost
Flexibility? Again depends, I'd say ESX has given me more much more flexibility then KVM does, sure you've got access to a more feature full hypervisor-ish layer where you can run apps on the host system rather than only in the guest, but does that functionality there mean the guests have more functionality... I've found it to be lacking. As your own post mentions even now the owners of KVM (Redhat) still don't have an officially supported method of taking online snapshots like vmware; now if you want to run production on a product that you can't call support on, and was released less than a month ago have at it.
Ummm... your example of upcoming KVM snapshots look surprisingly like vmware implementation. A separate file containing disk changes pointing back to the original... which is the same method vmware has been doing for years. By copying vmware's implementation KVM will have the same issues as vmware. So welcome to the party you are a few years late but you eventually did show up.
Even more so since he made that statement in Auguest 2007, just 2 months after the first iphone and a year before the first android phone. It really shows that Apple didn't start suing because all the phone guys were suing them first, like people like to claim.
What the two of you both failed to do is properly convert kb to mb. 56kb = .055mb (technically .0546875mb), you divide kb by 1024 to get to mb. That is unless you are a disk drive manufacturer doing bad math.
Ummm... what are you blathering on about?
There is a an official document from Microsoft on installing a Metro app outside of Microsoft's store.
Waiting for something that is actually grounded to reality and could possibly work. With this the requirement is a world wide grid requiring all countries in the world to sing Kumbaya in a drum circle,.as a country in the chain could throw everybody else awry. Countries would have to give up their ability to manage their energy policy and have one that everybody will just "play nice", most countries maintain their own oil, coal, etc repositories so when a country starts going crazy it won't throw their country into complete chaos.
That doesn't even go into the possibility of a global wide electrical brown out, which would be a distinct reality. What caused half of the entire US to lose power in 2003? A mistake by a single human forgetting to not restart a monitoring tool in a small powerstation in NY... That small powerstation malfunction caused a ripple affect throughout the entire US. Just recently think about what occurred in India a failure in a relay occurred that ended up taking the power out from over half a billion people.
Re: Copycat Microsoft
You do of course know that XBOX has been able to use Netflix, selling full tv/movies videos via their XBOX marketplace, streaming via DLNA and even usable as a media center extender for YEARS before Apple TV came out. If anything Apple has copied Microsoft as a media device.
The bottom line that TV is changing for Microsoft is that it sells XBOX units. I'm actually considering getting another XBOX to use with my bedroom TV, not because I want it to play games but because I can get to Comcast XFinity ondemand content since they have an app that Apple TV doesn't have, PS3 doesn't have, Roku doesn't have, Tivo doesn't have, but Microsoft XBOX does have. The Apple TV sucks compared to the XBOX for a multimedia device, it does everything it does and more.
And if anybody has vendor lock in it's Apple, dear god they threatened to pull their products out of an entire country if they had to license their DRM to third parties to allow itunes purchased content to play on something else.
If only that was true.... let's look at Apple's past history shall we on suing non-IT industries for daring to use an apple logo.
Apple sues a grocer:
Apple sues a school:
Apple sues a coffie shop:
Apple sues Woolworths:
Apple sues an APPLE FARM:
Re: Ass hole
Actually I'd suggest you take a look at a person named Edward Deming... the move of manufacturing tto Asia took off way before the 80's.
Re: He's not an alleged slave
Hmmm... prison in Belize or prison in US. US prisons may not be soothing architectural wonders like in Sweden but I'd venture a guess that a US prison is a bazillion times better than being the lone gringo in a 3rd world prison. If there was any chance of going to prison (even if the evidence looked worse in the US) I'd want the US legal system... maybe I've just watched Midnight Express one too many times.
Your name goes well with your job
Re: os/2 pricing to fail
I remember paying someone $100 for 1MB of used memory back at that time. The minimum requirements for OS/2 was a massive factor as to why I didn't run it even though I wanted to, I'm guessing that for a significant portion of the populace was as well.
The rationalization for me was this: I'm transitioning from the DOS world into the cool new GUI based world... I can either run MS Windows and have enough money to buy it and a number of apps, or have enough money to buy OS/2 and upgrade my hardware but have no apps.
Heck with ONTAP, fix the support organization
The horrid level of support is what turned us off of NetApp, they need to focus inward and get their support organization bulked up. First level are complete idiots, I've gotten people sending me a link to the same document that I opened the case with. Call back days later, incompetent support staff, it takes an act of god to get up to people who actually know something. After having them continuously in our datacenter for close to 10 years; we have since moved away from NetApp not because the competitors tech was really better but that the competition was good enough for our needs. Throw in that the sales & support organization blew them out of the water completely and making their technology value moot.
NetApp needs to focus inward, they need to fix their internal structures and reinvest dollars there, do that and the tech will win deals; continue down their current path and the competition's good enough NAS will win accounts.
Re: Apple users still win...
I'm pretty sure that is not allowed as part of Apple's app store terms, under the Trademark & trade dress section of their rules:
"Apps which appear confusingly similar to an existing Apple product or advertising theme will be
Apple won't let Firefox into the app store because iOS already has a browser providing similar functionality, if they allow Google maps into the app store they will be two-faced on that rule. I think they will cause a shit storm of complaints on randomly following their own rules and some big names might take them to court over it, either forcing Apple to accept apps they don't want (along with Google maps) or forcing them to reject apps they do want in the store.
Re: What's the point?
Instead of thinking of how it directly benefits the candidates, think of how it benefits the people they giving money to make ads. Something like getting a certain amount of $$ per view, and that being able to increase the ammount of people you sent the ad to equating to getting more money from a candidate. Wouldn't be out of the realm of possibility for someone to pay to signup a bunch of followers prior to an ad campaign inexpensively and then be able to charge more because of the increase number of "people" who were sent the ad.
your post is a perfect example of what's wrong
Your post is a shining example of why politics is broken. It's obvious from your post that you pretty much believe only people who are already behind a candidate would want to listen to what they say. Personally I believe in having an open mind and listening to what everybody says rather than closing myself off from them.
Re: Hashing is not encryption
He said *double* ROT13... so rot13 your text and then rot13 it again and just try and guess how that might relate to the original unencrypted data. Actually I believe he is a person who works in security, as double rot13 is kind of a "trick" of the trade these days.
Re: Today's shiny new Smart TV = Tomorrow's dated set you're already wanting to replace
I completely agree, unfortunately you hardly can find a mid to upper end TV that's not had the not-so "smart" additions. I just went through the exercise of replacing my 10 year old rear projection TV this year as it started to go it did 1080i fine until it kicked the bucket and I've got multiple external devices to do all the "smart" goodness (Tivo, Xbox, Blu-Ray, etc) so I didn't really want a smart TV. I ended up getting a "smart" one but don't use any of those features and still let my external devices do their thing.
From my experience is it seems TV manufacturers are separating their high end from their low end how much additional non-tv tasks it can do. The difference between the $500 and $800 model is the $800 can do Netflix (or you could buy the cheap TV and 3x AppleTV's), it costs them next to nothing to put that piece of software on add $1.00 for a ethernet and you've got a nice chunk of profit. You want a high end panel with good response time, etc that is purely a display only device I was unable to really find any in the $2-3k range, if you want to jump to the $5-6k on a TV they have a few that are non-polluted (but that's changing as well). Only the low end models any more are a "dumb" old traditional TV.
Re: Netapp has another ace
What??? Pretty much everybody in the storage industry is saying the exact opposite, NetApp doesn't have a flash/ssd solution and that EMC does. Just look on the blogs, NetApp has been talking how they don't need a flsh/ssd solution because their PAM cards are all that's needed... but are now changing that tune as they have a product. In fact EMC have an all SSD array already shipping that you can purchase. Rather than saying EMC needed it to compete with NetApp, the reality is more that EMC purchased it to keep NetApp from competing with them, delaying their entry into the market EMC is already in and shipping a product for. You gotta have deep, deep pockets but the fact is they have a product and NetApp doesn't.
The way WAFL works is that it always does full raid writes to avoid a penalty of having to read in existing data from disk. The entire point of WAFL is to avoid the partial raid write latency impact of rotating rust, using flash storage removes the rotating disk latency impact so the value of WAFL on flash becomes pretty much null. If you have enough cache in the array any array can do full raid writes just like NetApp (that cache might have to be infinitely large though), WAFL just allows it to write "anywhere" in an aggregate so blocks generally are not sequentially close to each other. If you go to an advanced NetApp performance class the instructor (at least ours did) will directly say that NetApp's are designed for high write performance not read performance because of this. I've found from our NetApp's that reads are generally the speed of a drive seek, for random read workload doesn't impact much, but if your workload has any sequential work load you can drive seek yourself into very slow performance.
Re: Isilon slow?
The Isilon has two series: the X series geared towards sequential video streams (like NetApp's LSI arrays) and the S series geared towards random I/O.
From the specfs benchmark which does test a good chunk of random workload: the Isilon S200 series hits 1.6 million and the largest 24x node NetApp 8.1 cluster hits 1.5 million. So I'd say that fully popped either platform can do an "oh my god" level of random I/O for an "oh my god" price point.
Why would they capture the data? Because SSID's are generally unique to an area, add in more than one and you have a fairly specific physical location reference. GPS doesn't work everywhere (outside around tall buildings, inside buildings, etc), but using the not that acurate cell tower triangulation with wifi SSID's and you can get a fairly specific physical location reference without any GPS signal at all.
I have a Motorolla Razr Maxx and it has an option to due certain things based upon location (i.e. at work change cell phone ring to vibrate, at home audible ring, etc). It uses wifi ssid to identify when you are at each location.
Apple uses (or possibly used now and built their own database) Skyhook for non GPS location via wifi and cell tower mapping.
Re: Thanks GOP
Why do you think I'm a member of the GOP? Oh I get it in your world anybody who is against something is automatically a member of the GOP... a closed minded political bigot. Good to know.
I find it very interesting you intentionally forget to mention that it was unanimously passed in the House, and unanimously passed in the Senate and signed into law by Clinton... but it was only one party who is responsible. It's not like the current VP of the US was invited to a special event by the RIAA/MPAA to honor his and 3x other members of the legislature on getting it through or anything. Oh sure it's just the GOP, not like everybody or anything; oh to be able to live in your black and white world....
On net neutrality have you read the law (also do you know it was sponsored by both GOP & DEM)? I have a similar problems with it... it doesn't do what most people think it does. It only protects lawful data (paragraph 64), so if you are downloading some content not available in your country via an in country proxy net neutrality doesn't protect you at all. Additionally there is no real prevention of degrading service, they can't degrade your torrent download/ netflix stream to where it's unusable but they can make it run at less than a MB legally (paragraph 66). ISP's are still allowed to degrade the service of people who use more than others (paragraph 73), don't get me started on how bizarre they are applying rules to mobile internet. Again like the idea, like most of it, but there are some real problems in the FCC rules.
We should *always* be worried about badly worded bills from both parties, I still don't understand why you seem think that a poorly written bill is just "peachy keen".
As I'm a registered independent who has an open mind and willing to call both parties out, I'm not getting into your whole GOP is evil and Dem are just fine (emphasized by your intentional lack of any complaints about them). But I will disagree in your supposition in that this amendment was good, it was bad, very bad period.
Re: Thanks GOP
Maybe if the writers would actually write a good bill people would vote for it.
I'd vote for an amendment saying that "individuals can not be required or coerced to disclose personal account or password information to current or prospective employers".
I would not for vote an amendment saying that "Congress will give FCC the power to regulate privacy on the internet which also includes the ability to make rules about mandating disclosure of passwords by job applicants ".
If you can't understand the difference between the two than you are simply an idiot. Write a good law to begin with and people from either party will vote for it, write a poorly drafted one even if it has good intentions behind it and (smart) people will not vote for it. What part of that is hard to understand for you?
Really, do you want another poorly written DMCA type law on the books? Because that's what this amendment is another crappy reaction that has basically good intentions but written horribly, how hard would it be to re-write that paragraph to contain what I wrote vs the broad sweeping crat that was actually in the amendment... but I guess you are all for DMCA type laws based on emotion rather than intelligence. Me, I prefer to have a well written law that explicitly says employers can't look at my stuff rather than saying if the FCC decides to in the future do something they can but they don't have to.
Re: Thanks GOP
I'd suggest you read the amendment first (it's literally a paragraph long)... it was way over reaching and removed much of the power from the legislature and gave it to the FCC... as such it *should* have been dumped like the DMCA, not a completely horrible idea but a completely horribly written law.
It was giving the FCC additional power to create rules over *all* privacy matters, not just job seeking social network passwords. It didn't even say that the FCC had to prevent it, it was all about giving the FCC direct power to make rules about online privacy without the need of any congressional oversight and if the future they were to make a rule it could possibly include one about social media passwords and the legislature couldn't do anything about it no matter how bad or good it is. Having seen how messed up the FCC is about showing a nipple on TV, I'm not ready to give them that power; not sure why any sane person would want to give them that power either. Granting power to groups of the government (especially one that isn't voted in by the people) needs to be *explicitly* stated instead of wide sweeping grant of power to regulate all of something. With this amendment, the FCC could make a requirement that everything needs to go through a "great wall of US" firewall to protect the privacy of US citizens from other countries, extreme example yes, but this amendment would allow them to do that completely legally and there really would be no person to vote out of (or into) office about it.
1 SEC. 5. PROTECTING THE PASSWORDS OF ONLINE USERS.
2 Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this
3 Act shall be construed to limit or restrict the ability of
4 the Federal Communications Commission to adopt a rule
5 or to amend an existing rule to protect online privacy, in
6 cluding requirements in such rule that prohibit licensees
7 or regulated entities from mandating that job applicants
8 or employees disclose confidential passwords to social net
9 working web sites.
No entrapment defense here
In the US, entrapment means that law enforcement coerces a person to do something illegal that they normally wouldn't do. Additionally if the government induces (persuades or mild coercion) a person to commit a crime, if the prosecution can show they have a verifiable predisposition to crime already entrapment defense wouldn't hold up either.
A person is 'entrapped' when he is induced or persuaded by law enforcement officers or their agents to commit a crime that he had no previous intent to commit; and the law as a matter of policy forbids conviction in such a case.
However, there is no entrapment where a person is ready and willing to break the law and the Government agents merely provide what appears to be a favorable opportunity for the person to commit the crime. For example, it is not entrapment for a Government agent to pretend to be someone else and to offer, either directly or through an informer or other decoy, to engage in an unlawful transaction with the person. So, a person would not be a victim of entrapment if the person was ready, willing and able to commit the crime charged in the indictment whenever opportunity was afforded, and that Government officers or their agents did no more than offer an opportunity.
Even if inducement has been shown, a finding of predisposition is fatal to an entrapment defense. The predisposition inquiry focuses upon whether the defendant "was an unwary innocent or, instead, an unwary criminal who readily availed himself of the opportunity to perpetrate the crime.
No it doesn't say:
"it could be losing as much as 24 billion tons OR as little as zero".
It says that "it could be losing as much as 24 billion tons or GAINING as much as 16 billion. For some reason you decided to forget about half of the the plus or minus part.
If you are going to go around correcting people, if you don't want to look like a complete ass your complaint should really be correct... or maybe your agenda is showing.
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