2096 posts • joined Friday 23rd November 2007 08:43 GMT
Suspiciously dressed in regular clothing
Don't you mean AAC?
Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. Designed to be the successor of the MP3 format, AAC generally achieves better sound quality than MP3 at similar bit rates.
It's not just about Patents, Open vs Closed.
I was involved with VOIP development. We looked at Speex and iLBC as "free" codecs, Speex is "gnu type free" and iLBC is "free" in the ordinary sense. iLBC was already supported by Cisco routers and the user ATA already with customers, but the "safe" decision was to stick with G.729 and G.711 (default). Speex support is much poorer.
All DVB TV is migrating from MPEG2 to MPEG4 H.264 (without exception) from MPEG2.
All newer Digital Radio formats and sound on newer Digital TV is migrating from MP2 to AAC.
Icom use the proprietary fairly poor AMBE codec for Audio.
Most companies would rather pay the money and back the winning standard.
AAC may displace MP2 and MP3 eventually, ogg won't.
MPEG4 H.264 has already won for video. Why use a poorer performance, less supported codec that needs transcoding if converting from Broadcast for Streaming?
All commercial payTV VOD / IPTV is migrating fast from MPEG2 to MPEG4 H.264
It's thus commercial suicide NOT to support MP3 (or possibly the better AAC) for Audio and MPEG4 H.264 for video.
We might not like it, esp. the religious zealots of FSF / GNU / Open Sauce, but it's the reality.
Win CE is not Windows NT Embedded.
Perhaps there will be Phone 7 version of Windows CE for Embedded. But the article seems to be talking about the NT family, not CE family,
It's hard to see how this Windows 7 version of NT embedded will get traction in more than ATMs, Terminals and POS (Point of Sale Terminals/Tills/Cash registers), which already use Windows. These don't get updated, support for Win 3.1x only just finished for Embedded (POS mostly). Only new products get the new OS.
Win CE --> ARM
NT Embedded (AKA Win 7 embedded now) --> x86, x64
There are also plenty other chip families used for embedded. Also neither Linux nor Windows NT are "Real Time Systems". Even Real Time Java/Solaris or Real Time Linux Kernel are fudges compared to "real" Real Time Systems.
Only a small fraction of embedded systems need a RTOS.
Also only a very tiny fraction of Embedded Applications are Terminals (like the Wyse), ATMs or POS. Maybe the POS for the petrol (gas in USA) pumps may use Windows, it's unlikely the actual pumps do.
Windows CE (ARM) and Windows Embedded (NT4.0, XP, Win 7) won't run on many of these
Anyway, back in 1993 the big selling points of NT (3.1 then) was
* true 32 bit OS with pre-emptive multi-tasking and protected kernel
At one stage they supported MIPS, Alpha, 64bit Alpha on NT4.0, power PC, 386, 486, Pentium, and Pentium Pro. I think since NT 4.0 embedded (which is componentised) they have gone backwards. CE was always a sort of cut down simplified version of NT with very limited number of processes. Originally it too supported a few more CPU families than ARM.
NT4.0 was less layered than NT3.51 as they moved the GDI into the Kernel to get a 10% or so improvement in Media playback/ Video/Animation. Direct X was a reversal also ot layering and HAL basically to encourage porting DOS game designs. It goes against all principles of clean API (have you seen how much docs it is?), HAL and clean OS design. Ditto the change with Vista and Win7 of how GUI is done to now make it use Direct X/Direct 3D essentially rather than the original layered HAL concept of design. So that Eye Candy runs faster.
They need to throw away Windows and start again. The new Windows 7 phone seems to be just ditching the stupid Desktop GUI and bolting Zune GUI on the same underlying Windows CE, but I could be wrong.
Apple did it going to OS X from OS 9, though their choice is hardly a new OS design, just new eye candy on basically a 1976 design.
ha hahah haha haha
The last decent embedded from MS was NT4.0 embedded or maybe WinCe 2.x
QNX (just bought by RIM), Linux, VXworks etc are the OS of choice. Even Microchip has working ethernet-WiFi-TCP/IP and USB stacks
Yes, a lot of tills/POS and ATM got MS OS in past. Less likely in future.
Anyone using Win7 proprietary bloatware or WinCE anymore on embedded need head examined.
Let's see < 7% Smart Phone and less 1% of Phone use WinCE/WinMob.
How many Setboxex compared to Windows Media Centres used with Living room TV (>99%)?
How many setboxes run ANY version of any MS OS? I'd guess < 0.1%
Yes, embedded systems outnumber PCs and Phones. A percentage are ARM. many are AVR, Microchip, 8051, ST20, 68HC11, MIPS etc. Hardly any are x86.
Which CPUs does Windows 7 (aka servers & desktop, not the new Zune like GUI on on WinCE which is ARM only?) support?
A lot less than NT 4,0 supported.
Lou Gosselin; Fantasy
"I mentioned this above, since mp3s are a better representation of the wave form. Bit for bit mp3s have far superior fidelity than CDs."
Nonsense. Read up on the difference between quantisation, sampling, linear encoding and compression.
MP3s are not better representation, they don't really represent the waveform at all directly. They are a pysco-acoustical lossy fudge to reduce storage. CD's use PCM encoding, they are an exact copy of the waveform, to the temporal limit of 1/2 sampling rate and amplitude limit of the digital quantisation.
To non-humans or maybe Aliens, mp3's at *ANY* bit rate might sound terrible. MP3 is a lossy compression method that takes advantage of how we perceive stuff. It does this "better" than MP2 and "worse" than AAC. But Identical bitrate and quantisation PCM encoding is the "gold" benchmark. That's what EVERY scheme starts and ends with. Where do you think they get the data for MP3s and how do you hear them?
blackjack and hookers?
The rectangular liquorice chewy sweets and the West of Ireland rowing boats?
I suppose you can chew the Blackjacks while Rowing? But how does this relate to Phone APIs?
WinMob is less than 8% and Symbian > 40%
in USA RIM is up there with iPhone and Android. Windows Mobile has dropped in USA from over 26% to less than 7 % I think.
There is also an attempt to launch two new platforms: Samsung's Bada and Nokia/Intel Meego
We have 8 significant phone platforms (there is also Brew and various other Linux versions apart from Android/Meego etc). Win CE/ Windows Mobile is Dying. The WebOS has been making no traction.
HP are backing the two bottom of market OSes. What next? Support for Bada?
Alternatives? What alternatives?
The high end Atmel and the PA Semi use ARM licensed core.
Microchip use MIPS core for 32F series.
Qualcomm, PA, Samsung, Analog Devices, Freescale (Ex Motorola), Intel(they didn't sell all ARM to Marvell), Marvell, Nat. Semi. NXP (ex philips) Atmel, Renesas (formerly Hitachi and Mitsubishi), Sony, Broadcomm, Infineon, Toshiba, Texas, NEC, Fujitsu, Zilog and many others licence ARM cores or IP.
ARMs account for over 75% of all 32-bit embedded CPUs. The new Cortex M series (priced down to $1 go after Microchip/AVR/Atmel/8051 8bit and 16bit embedded CPU markets. The Cortex A series chase the Atom MID/Netbook market.
Also other ARMs displacing MIPS, ST20 etc. and x86/Geodes from Routers and Setboxes.
ARM powers more than Smart phones. At least 80% of phones use ARM
This would be like MS buying Via, AMD and Intel to prevent production of Apple Mac and Linux PCs.
Even an iPad is more sense.
If these sell well, it proves that Humans are on average pretty stupid.
An identical spec HW running Linux and Firefox will do everything these do. Can be locked down to have only a Browser. Has no SW tax.
With Google you are paying. Via every product you buy advertised via Google.
If Ireland had stayed in the Union (1922, 1948), the Celts would now be in a position to control Westminster and make England Independent federated Monarchy of Yorkshire, The Home Counties, and the rest. Cornwall would of course be invited to secede from England and joint the Celtic Alliance.
Then the next target would be Brittany and part of Spain. Then the Celts would have a strong voice in Europe. N.I. Could have dual Sovereignty to Ireland and Scotland.
Perhaps the IoM could come in from the non-UK cold and join the Celtic Alliance too. The Channel Is can either stay as they are, be independent, join France or Become part of the United Kingdom Of Yorkshire, England, Gibraltar, Falklands and CI.
mine's the one with a celtic fringe on the bottom.
I'm looking forward to the sequel
It may be weird and arcane, illogical an d not really a programming language as we know it, but it's far better than the alternatives.
It is indeed very unpleasant to swap btween DB2, Oracle, MySQL and MS-SQL even on a fresh project, never mind trying to port a large one.
And ODBC and VB6 + IIS on MS-SQL and you'll really want to start over to use PHP, Java and MySQL. :(
It's made clear at purchase that all PVR functions are subscription based, only the basic receiver works without a sub, on FTA channels.
I have 100% sympathy on that, but KNOWING this is the basis on which it's sold I'll only buy a Freesat or other non-Sky PVR.
Which is more stupid?
Google or anyone that uses this.
Privacy & Security fail.
Well, the 1st iPhone *DOES* multitask, just not 3rd party. Much lesser chips can run a RTOS.
The iPhone OS4 is only what the original should have been. Most of apple's new iPhone releases are to my mind just service packs.
It's still overpriced bling for people more interested in posing and looking at stuff than making phone calls. It's not a smart phone, it's an iPod that can make phone calls.
Just like my Archos 605 wifi is NOT an Internet tablet, but a personal video player that happens to have an Opera browser (with Widgets and flash (8?) without ever crashing).
It's not simple
No matter if your transmitter is PERFECT, receivers on neighbouring bands will have limited out of band rejection that varies with frequency. Sometimes receivers at IF image frequencies (0.07MHz to 400Mhz lower or higher depending on IF and actual Receive band).
With the lack of 3G data capacity for iThings MID and smartGadgets, they need more bases, closer together.
There should ALWAYS be power limits. Why should other people have to replace ALL their receivers with ones that have much larger and more expensive filters?
RF screened goggles to avoid cataracts, obviously,
Seems to me that whatever Silverlight 3 was is irrelevant to Silverlight 4.
executes outside the Silverlight3 sandbox and an access numerous HW direct. Looks like an ActiveX / DCOM / COM / OLE type disaster waiting to happen. Don't they learn?
Less choice than you think!
you don't want IE8
you should avoid Chrome
Safari has been known to install Apple's installer updater that nags for iTunes
Some of the others are really IE8. One is maybe a rework of Firefox.
So Opera or Firefox, or if you like Safari, get an Webkit not by apple, say arora http://arora-browser.org
The browser choice is a strange collection on the 2nd group.
This isn't the SCO you are thinking of.
There have been two unrelated Companies called SCO.
Also once MS had a UNIX (Xenix?) based on their AT&T Version 7 licence (1980), and sold it to various people, including SCO (founded in 1979). SCO released their port to the IBM PC in September 1983.
In 1987 Microsoft transferred ownership of Xenix to SCO in an agreement that left Microsoft owning 25% of SCO. This is the "old SCO" Santa Cruz Operation.
The current SCO is actually not related, Caldera did buy a lot of SCO assets in 2001, and then the original SCO became Tarantella and Claldera became SCO group., only being separate from parent company in about 2005. Tarantella was sold to Sun in 2005., which is now part of Oracle.
So really Oracle is SCO as you know it. Caldera aka SCO group appear to have done nothing of value in the last 5 years.
In related irony MS-DOS (The people that sold the original SCO, Xenix) was a clone on CP/M. The IBM PC version of CP/M was CP/M86 and then DR DOS. Digital Research's CPM & DR DOS was bought by Novell who sold it (perceiving it of no value) to Caldera in 1996.
Caldera aka SCO Group would be on firmer ground sue Microsoft for infringing FAT, DOS, Windows 7 Batch scripts, Win7 / NT Console etc since they appear to own the original CP/M & DR DOS (CP/M 86) that MS's DOS and FAT is based on.
Massively overpriced then, massively overpriced now.
Light pipes to illuminate?
It's not worthy of a patent.
An implementation might be worthy of being copyright or a registered Design. If this sort of stuff is getting approved it ultimately will bring the system into disrepute.
40 years ago toy cars used this (on the roof) to "light" the headlamps.
Don't "upgrade" to Win7 . Just install XP
Who needs IEx anymore?
Firefox or Opera will likely be a better choice for W2K, XP, Vista, Win7 and Win8
Chrome? No thanks to spyware and the Ministry of Love.
Safari? A browser that in the past tried to install iTunes and produced by the most arrogant Tech Company. No Thanks. Pointless as is everything Apple. Better Ubuntu than OSX as Windows Alternative.
Battery Charger SW
Any sw in a smart charger should be well tested firmware, built in.
Mistreated batteries go on fire or explode.
In my Grandad's day they used relays to build computers.
Later in my Dad's day, they used transistors. Those computers had 1000's of cores. One little core for each bit of storage.
My first computer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SC/MP
Mine's the one with a pocket full of little black beads.
Nothing to do with fixing Mobile Networks.
"which might just mean that all of these handheld devices with broadband links won't absolutely crash networks. "
Mobile Networks are designed for symmetrical 5kbps to 20kbps voice traffic, assuming classic usage patterns of call usage and call duration.
Due to spectrum limitations by the time there are 20 simultaneous data streams on a Mast sector you have dialup speed. With CDMA/EVDO and 3G/UMTS/FOMA/W-CDMA/HSPA the cell also shrinks and up to 1/2 capacity is lost due to "code noise".
LTE only really offers x5 capacity if it's on a 20MHz channel instead of 5MHz.
Unless cell operators quadruple or even higher the number of cells and find x20 more bandwidth, then Mobile can't offer large numbers of people broadband speed.
Only one or two Atoms are x86 only Most are x86 & x64
Intel sold most of the ARM tech (StrongArm/Xscale) it acquired from DEC to Marvell. They kept one comms SoC ARM.
Marvell have an ARM SoC with multiple GigE and SATA ports.. Used as I/O on some x86 Motherboards.
Just Google Stanford page-rank patent
U.S. Patent 6285999
also Stanford pagerank patent
Even if iphone is the best Phone and people are copying it
These patents should NEVER have been awarded.
Some aspects of the iPhone are copyright-able. I doubt ANY aspect of the iPhone is a valid Apple Patent.
BTW I actually played with a "windows" object orientated Graphics workstation in about 1977 in a public retail show room. It was made by Xerox and was monochrome Portrait.
In 1980s I used at least one 90 degree swivel terminal that automatically changed from Portrait to Landscape when you swivel.
I designed a Pad (mini-Tablet) with gesture controlled Touch screen (mono of course) in 1987 .. 1990. I have a patent for a Pen for it that functioned as "mouse" on ordinary surface and worked as cordless handset. 1990.
Apple have innovated very little ever, they are a trend setting fashion design house. They didn't invent the capacitive touch screen. It was unpopular because of low resolution, poor for handwriting recognition.
Let them rely on Copyright, registered Design, Trademarks etc, like other Artists. Not fake patents because the USPO doesn't do it's job.
Not good enough for A4 word/pdf documents.
96 dpi and 11.5" long = 1104 lines / rows of pixels
120 dpi and 11.5" long = 1380
96 dpi and 11.6" long = 1114
I'd normally want other windows/apps open, so even if a screen had a portrait mode, landscape suits better except for an eReader.
WS 16:9 is not too useful if it means losing vertical. Like on laptops, what can equal a 15.4" 4:3 1600x1200 screen for document editing without scrolling up/down? An equivalent modern is 17" 16:9 1920x1080. The still too large but more useful as a Computer 1920x1200 (16:10) seem to be gone.
I don't want a keyboard for my TV. It's going to be film viewing distance away and in a room with no desk.
I'd happily use one of these Eeee Keyboard PCs instead of a laptop if I could get a suitable LCD screen for it. I don't want a 22" HD screen either. At Document / programming / CAD creation/edit distance a 22" Wide screen should be about 1560 lines.
No Worries Yet.
Scroll down page:
"If you're running Windows XP with Service Pack 2 (SP2) and you're not ready to upgrade to Windows 7, you should install Windows XP Service Pack 3 (SP3), a free update. "
Support for XP SP3 will be around a while more.
By then Ubuntu will be at XP level of functionality :)
Make some decent TV programs and don't break R4.
This is pointless
A niche market.
We really should be using LESS gas.
Biogas would maybe supply 5%.
The Americans need to dry clothes on a line outside, cut back on air conditioning, use 40mpg+ fuel efficient cars (Available 30 years ago), not replace electric grid with gas grid.
In UK & Ireland we need more double glazing, wall insulation, roof insulation.
Turn of excessive outdoor lights.
CFLs? Unplugging chargers? Don't fuss about it.
Available most of Europe,
Record better quality than IPlayer rubbish
No PC needed
Watch on TV any time you want.
even if iPlayer worked here, it would eat all my Cap in a few days.
Until we all have FTTH with little contention and no Cap, these streaming apps like YouTube and iPlayer are just wasting the Internet.
A Freesat or Freeview box with 500G to 2T byte drive and record everything on a rotation, deleting wanted content and ingoring flagged unwanted programms.
Total choke risk
Children under 14 ARE more likely to choke to death than be killed by gunshot, but that includes ALL types of choking,
* For Children 14 and Under
Motor Vehicles 3,059
Firearm 181 (2.7% of fatal accidents)
So less than 10% of choke deaths are hotdogs and this is about 0.2% of deaths?
(though the site seems less objective than it claims to be)
I think we should hide the matches and give them free lifejackets and swimming lessons.
Death by Sharks to kids under 14 (with or without lasers) is not listed. Snake bite more likely.
The earlier PDA edition was a miniature windows style GUI and needed a stylus. I ran email, VNC, VOIP, calculator, Opera, text editor on it.
The later Phone edition had finger friendly buttons but almost no applications. Better design for a 320x240 screen and pointless design for a 4.3" 800x480 screen.
My tests since 1987 show that the typical 1/4 VGA is a novelty for Apps (I have an E65 with such a screen and really email, web browsing, IRC, VNC, Putty are pointless, it's a phone and media player). The minimum IMO is about 4" 800x480, or maybe up to 5" wider screen (longer but still fit pocket) maybe upto 1200 x 600, or at least 960x 480 square pixels 2:1 screen.
Series 7 Phone is Microsoft's last chance. They are now less than 9%. Honestly the GUI sounds better suited to a 1/4 VGA (320x240) candy bar, clamshell or slider than a Smart phone with suitably large display. The iPhone even is just too small a display, though much better than 1/4 VGA.
So really Win Mobile 7 is several years behind Qtopia in thinking?
This is why
Windows 6.2 is irrationally called Windows 7 to deliberately confuse people.
This is MS problem from the start. Windows does not fit all. There should be 3 , 4 or 5 families
netbook/workstation/Server AKA Windows.
Embedded with no GUI
Embedded with primitive GUI for LCD and optional OSD GUI in PAL, NTSC, 720p and 1080i and 1080p flavours. (set boxes)
The PDA/PMP version (larger screen)
The Phone version (smart phone screen)
Small Screen Player version (media players and pocket devices with text only or little graphics)
Only one should have windows in the name. idiots. Nor does same APIs make a lot of sense apart from a subset.
It's about reducing Banks' liability not about stopping Fraud :(
I've always said that Chip & PIN was always about reducing the Bank's liability to Fraud. Not actually really more secure or reducing Fraud. With a signature you can prove it's not you and get the money back, with Chip & PIN you can't. Thus Bank "Fraud" drops.
Of course RFID for credit/cash cards or Passports is even more stupid. A technology designed to replace Barcodes (which can be photocopied) and RFID is not inherently a technology designed for Secure applications. Because RFID is unique "fingerprint" even if you don't decode it, an RFID "reader" at each location that your "mark" might use lets you track where the RFID is. If the "mark" realises, you could of course be tracking someone else that had the "tag" dumped on them.
SmallYellowFuzzyDuck, how pweety! Busted, yeah right #
You'll be able to get a kit on eBay or someplace.
How many people bought card readers (as cheap as £10) to edit ITV digital Cards?
How many people do Card Sharing on Satellite receivers.
Same ISO reader will talk to card.
Seems worse than Exchange (Windows For Workgroups Mail with POP and SMTP as afterthoughts)
“There is no need to do this; it's a short-sighted plan to avoid supporting well over a million users who are still running 10.4 for various reasons; i.e., they can't afford to upgrade their equipment; 10.5 and 10.6 drop or break features that work perfectly well in 10.4; that upgrading would require them to purchase new versions of software that works perfectly well under 10.4; or even that many people think both 10.5 and 10.6 suck.”
Mmmm... They could always run Windows XP or Linux or Solaris x86 on their overpriced Hardware. (That's why the OS is cheap and they don't want in on non-Apple boxes, not the driver support issues)
In reality Apple stopped having their own HW & SW with switch from Power PC and end of OS9 development. x86/x64 Macs are just Commodity PC parts and a Pretty GUI on a BSD ripoff. Both add nothing to Computer Science or Engineering, its Marketing. An upmarket Brando gadget.
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