Re: Acceleration pedantry
No one has been able to keep them still long enough to count.
3702 posts • joined 28 Feb 2007
No one has been able to keep them still long enough to count.
Proper Antarctic Research is Science!
Since Erebus and Terror don't have great reputations in polar exploration may I humbly suggest:
RRS Penguin Smasher
Bit hard on pubic lice isn't it? They're just trying to make a living - not trying to reclaim £19.99 for an IKEA bathrobe:
Andy Burnham has a proud tradition of sitting on his hands when it comes to these sorts of votes. Last year he abstained on the Welfare Bill after saying it was a bad piece of legislation, and then when it was on the books, went around saying Labour should have opposed it.
In this case, he's even on record as supporting the aims of the bill and doesn't want to cause a delay to get it on to the statute book. Burnham has no problem with warrantless mass surveillance, he opposes proper judicial oversight and he's too technologically ignorant to realise that increasing the size of the haystack doesn't make it easier to find needles.
So let's not forget, the likes of Burnham would be putting just this sort of legislation in front of Parliament if they'd gained a majority. Our former minister for ID cards is the perfect little authoritarian apparatchik that does so well in the Home Office.
Crap - we actually did need the LibDems...
Meg bloody 'ID cards' Hillier is concerned the government isn't spending money sensibly????
Ah well in that case we're relying on the magisterial oratory skills and persuasive powers of that well-known liberal Andy 'ID cards - yes please!' Burnham.
You'd have to sacrifice the whole population of London in order to upgrade iTunes into a simply dreadful programme. Anything less and you just make it stronger.
Isn't the new Bradwell B going to be a China General Nuclear Power Group or China National Nuclear Corporation PWR of the Hualong 1 or CAP1400 flavour? I'm increasingly doubtful we'll ever see the EPR here with Flamanville Unit 3 still looking like 'un cock up massiv'.
Quite agree about the engineer label. In Germany they're the people who build exquisite pieces of technology that transform lives, here they're the people who come to fix the washing machine.
Am I being unduly cynical in assuming they threw in a clause about kiddie porn to guarantee the bill and whatever sundry hidden horrors and idiocies it contains will be passed with massive majorities and precious little scrutiny?
Bothe NASA and ESA have looked at Uranus orbiters and atmosphere probes, but at about $2 billion they've never reached the top of the pile and the shortage of plutonium has made things worse. But there is a lovely coincidence that the mass of Uranus, its moons and their distances from one another allow an orbiter to follow a Galileo style mission using a series of gravity assists to make a number of close passes of the planet and its satellites.
A mission would take about 9 years with a gravity assist from Jupiter after the first year - Uranus is a long way away!
There's a complication unique to Uranus that makes orbiters only practical every now and again. Because it orbits on its side, it alternates between showing its equator and pokes to the Sun. To survey the moons the probe would need to arrive when the equator is at or close to pointing at the Sun. Right now Uranus rolling round to show its pole but it'll be perfectly aligned in 2049, so hope your're not planning anything.
...he just has to vote the way the government tells him.
It does rather make you wonder what Dido would have to do to get fired from the company.
I've always assumed there is something in the Home Office water supply that turns right-thinking people into authoritarian monsters. Of course, for the likes of Straw, Blunkett and May, they're already most of the way there.
Can anyone think of the last genuinely enlightened Home Secretary? Ken Clarke, or do we have to go back to Roy Jenkins?
The four Zenit boosters that were packed around the Energia core were designed to be reusable, returning to Earth by parachute. Anyone know if the Soviet Union ever recovered them from the two Energia launches?
'How fitting if Captain Kirk gets the command of the under construction USS Enterprise (CVN-80) in 2025.'
The US Navy's publicists should move heaven and earth to make it happen - although they might melt the Internet if it were to happen.
The really accurate ones are aimed at the enemy's missile silos which are hardened against anything short of a near direct hit.
TalkTalk will have magicked up all sorts of sweeteners for people threatening to cancel - suddenly much cheaper contracts and freebies will materialise which couldn't be offered to loyal customers.
Depressing to think that there are still people dumb enough to renew with Dido's Telecom Shysters.
'Who visited Peppa Pig website and who visited the Bullingdon Club website are likely to be two different members of the family...'
Lord Ashcroft's book suggests they could be the same person.
Have a recommend, and here's another link this time to Venus Express which did a lot of work on atmospheric evolution on Venus:
Solar erosion was known of in the late 1970s, but there were still questions about how much of the atmosphere had been blown into space compared to the amount sequestered in the soil as adsorbed and frozen carbon dioxide, converted to carbonates through silicate weathering and trapped as nitrate deposits.
Now we know the lithosphere contains approximately bugger/all.
If there is such a thing as a Reg reader on TalkTalk, it might be worth looking at your contract.
If my parents' experience last week is anything to go by TalkTalk is still auto renewing contracts despite Ofcom ruling it illegal. They mentioned this to TalkTalk and any talk of penalties suddenly ended and lots of really nice offers started coming their way - but they left TalkTalk and made sure Dido knew it was because they couldn't trust the company.
"In the unlikely event that money is stolen from a customer’s bank account as a direct result of the cyber attack (rather than as a result of any information given out by a customer) then as a gesture of goodwill, on a case by case basis, we will waive termination fees."
The bit about 'rather than as a result of any information given out by a customer' is a nasty bit of legalese that allows them to avoid paying *any* compensation. The fraud only works because customers are convinced that the fraudsters are genuine TalkTalk reps. And the fraudsters are only in that position because TalkTalk failed to secure their data.
As soon as a customer provides a fraudster with *any* additional information on top of the names, phone numbers, account details and some bank details TalkTalk couldn't be bothered to secure - they can't request a no-fee termination of contract.
Has anyone had any success in leaving TalkTalk for claiming a breach of Section 18 of their terms and conditions which says: ‘We’re committed to protecting and preserving any information you give to us.’?
And nothing from Dido about TalkTalk repaying customers' money lost to fraudsters.
This proposal must be proof positive that Cameron is working for the Chinese government.
I hope someone asks him how his clever friends in the City have responded to this level of encryption buggery on their whizzo financial transactions.
One estimate is that the police are already making one metadata request every two minutes. Under Darth May's proposals that can only increase. How many jihadi kiddie fiddlers does the Home Office think there are?
Is there anything in the legislation that says how ISPs have to store the data?
Does it have to be a live database that Plod/News International can access at the click of a mouse, or could they store everything about their customers on a pile of C90s in a damp cellar behind a locked door whose key hasn't been seen since Darren in IT left to become a Shoreditch barista?
We get to see the technical grasp of the Cultural Committee as they forensically examine Dido over all aspects of computer security.
'It should be a piece of piss to get this bill knocked back. But will they?'
Of course not, the Tories who don't want the state interfering in things that matter are gagging to impose this law. Labour's shadow Home Secretary is Andy bloody Burnham who tried to drive ID cards on to the statute book.
Anyone who stands up against this bill will be portrayed as a Friend of Saville (by the people who protected Jimmy Saville for so many years) or a wannabe jihadi.
You left out the stage where BAE uses the British taxpayer money to buy a foreign defence contractor and quietly siphon jobs from the UK to the US.
But apart from that, spot on.
It's odd that the government hasn't made a bigger thing about the TalkTalk hack - after all, it is one of the largest leaks of personal information in the UK that hasn't been managed by the government, and they're always telling us about the threat of all things cyber.
Could it be that they don't want to draw attention to the incompetent Dido Harding being a colleague of Cameron's at Oxford PPE, a Tory peer and married to John Penrose MP Lord Commissioner of Her Majesty's Treasury, and assistant government whip?
After that, how long before everyone's browsing history is also shared with Feargul Sharkey and the creeps at the BPI?
The government sees no need for supervision of police access to this data, it will be abused. So it's more than likely we'll see a repeat of the corrupt coppers who were happy to feed celebrity and crime stories to the News of the Screws finding other publications willing to pay for Internet histories of the unfortunate/rich/powerful/stupid.
Berry explained the police's desire to The Times by saying "We want to police by consent..."
"...but then we thought - fuck it, let's just force them to hand over the data."
Heres a sobering thought - even if it goes to $150 billion, it'll be pocket change compared to the F-35 programme.
Not banning encryption doesn't mean the government won't try to ban usable encryption.
If Cameron and the monsters in the Home Office had their way we'd be lucky to be left with ROT13.
TalkTalk is still recommending users change their passwords - but has still not resurrected the system to let them do so.
TalkTalk is hilariously allowing customers to exit their contract without paying a penalty as 'a gesture of goodwill' - so long as the customer can prove their finances were compromised as a consequence of the hack. Clearly Dido (£4 million pay packet last year) is worried about a mass exit of people who don't think TalkTalk is capable of managing a whelk stall let alone personal information.
Rather than a grudging gesture of goodwill, TalkTalk should be begging customers not to sue them for the damage and distress caused by their incompetence and be engaging in a recreational firing o their senior staff who have allowed not one, not two, but three major data breaches in the last year without apparently learning anything.
In an ideal world, the whole wretched company would be destroyed because of this, but they'll get away with a fine (if it is anything less than the maximum £500k it will show how broken the DPA is), and the CEO will probably ooze on to another equally well remunerated job to fit in between being a Tory peer in the HoL.
There's very little atmosphere on Pluto, frozen out it would form a thin frosting across the planet rather than obscuring some stonkingly big geology.
It's a shame New Horizons didn't carry a magnetometer as that would have probably detected any magnetosphere driven by a convecting interior.
'Active geysers of nitrogen had been found on Neptune’s moon Triton in 1989, but the source of heat for that was thought to be tides.'
I'm pretty sure the consensus is that Tritonian geysers are driven by solar warming of a dark layer under the translucent nitrogen crust since they cluster close to the moon's subsolar point in the mid-southern hemisphere. The energy needed to perform the large scale reworking of Triton's crust is almost certainly tidal, the moon has plenty of tidal energy from its retrograde orbit around Neptune.
More phytoplankton in the water would be a bad thing. They might take up some additional carbon from the atmosphere and create more clouds - but - they'd kill the oceans in the process.
When the plankton decay their bodies are consumed by oxygen-metabolising bacteria. Which is fine in a normal, ventilated ocean. However, as plankton populations increase and oceans warm, you run into a hard limit on the availability of oxygen. Not just that more is being consumed, but also that warmer surface waters hold less oxygen, but that there is less overturning and mixing of oxygenated surface waters because of increased temperature driven stratification. In high latitudes where most deep sea ventilation takes place you get a double hit from increased temperatures driving greater productivity and fresher waters from ice melt refusing to overturn.
As oxygen levels fall in deeper waters, conditions favour sulfur metabolising bacteria whose byproduct is hydrogen sulfide - highly toxic to bottom-dwelling communities, and who have the effect of allowing phosphorus and nitrogen to remain in the water column rather than being trapped in sediments. These two elements allow for increased productivity which keeps pushing oxygen levels to the floor.
These are called euxenic conditions which are like the eutrophied ponds you find at this time of year, they are are nowadays found in restricted bodies of water such as strongly stratified lakes, fjords and the Black Sea; but the geological record shows a very strong correlation between global euxenia, high temperatures (from delta 18-O) and high carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and oceans (from CCD reconstructions and 12-C/13-C). The last big one was during the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum when it appears a good part of the world's oceans were anoxic at depth and in places euxenia may have reached the surface creating dead zones for larger organisms.
There's some approachable papers here if you'd like to know the details:
Diaz, R. J. and Rosenberg, R. (2008) ‘Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems’, Science, 321(5891), pp. 926–929.
Meyer, K. M. and Kump, L. R. (2008) ‘Oceanic Euxinia in Earth History: Causes and Consequences’, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 36(1), pp. 251–288.
Except in this case we can firmly say 'the journo done it', the original CLAW paper is referenced in the new work.
You're quite right, it's corroboration of the CLAW hypothesis dating back to 1987:
Charlson, R. J., Lovelock, J. E., Andreae, M. O. and Warren, S. G. (1987) ‘Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate’, Nature, 326(6114), pp. 655–661.
Except volcanism can't explain the thinning and collapse of the floating ice sheets around West Antarctica. Warmer ocean currents can however.
Plus one to blend.
The Great Barrier Reef is 20,000 years old. It is built on an older, (dead) reef that began life about 600,000 years ago.
Since you raise the Cretaceous...
There is a marine extinction marked by widespread anoxic deposits at the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary which is linked to high overall temperatures and very high atmospheric carbon dioxide which may have been emitted by a very large upswing in volcanism caused by lithospheric thickening in the Indian and Pacific oceans.
There are also a pair of events in the late Cretaceous that show how sensitive plankton are to temperature. Beginning around 71Ma, surface and deep waters began to cool, at the same time the number of planktonic species rose by more that 40%. Then from 70-69Ma and then again between 66 and 65Ma, ocean temperatures rose at the same time as atmospheric CO2 reached the peak you mentioned. Planktonic species went into decline at the same time. Only to be delivered another whack when something crashed into Mexico.
Eutrophication and anoxia are strongly associated in the geological record with high temperatures and high atmospheric CO2. As you point out the surface waters become home to large populations of plankton whose decay removes oxygen from deeper waters as their dead bodies fall to the ocean floor. The result is that deep waters become dominated by sulfate-metabolising bacteria who release hydrogen sulfide and turn the deep ocean euxenic. Material accumulates on the bottom as black, carbon and sulfur-rich muds and shales. In the meantime biodiversity of plankton suffers since most can't survive in unventilated oceans. There's very good fossil evidence for planktonic extinctions during the carbon isotope excursions (and very hot episodes) of the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum and the Late Pliensbachian/Early Toarcian thermal event in the Early Jurassic.
This is accentuated in greenhouse climates by the warming of surface waters which not only reduces their available oxygen content, but also makes them less likely to overturn and deliver oxygen to deep waters.
As other people point out, acidification is a problem for carbonate-shelled plankton such as coccolithophorids whose populations in the geological record also crash during warm periods.
Sounds like the Onyx M96 is what you are looking for:
9.7" screen, Android 4, stylus option:
It seems to have a limited European distribution - like one company in Germany, and the price is a bit higher than you were asking for:
Haven't played with it, so it might be brilliant, might be a total Hammond.
There's one limit on oil production that is insurmountable - how much energy it takes to extract and refine that oil. If it equals or exceeds the amount of energy in that oil, it's not worth using it as fuel.
One thing that's noticeable in recent years is the amount of energy needed to get oil out of the ground has been rocketing. Conventional fields have something like a return of 25:1 - that is you get 25 times as much energy out of the oil as you put into getting it. Unconventional fields like the Canadian tar sands are right down at 5-2.9:1 with shale gas doing a little better at 7.6-6.1:1. The real boondoggle though is corn ethanol at just 1.3:1.
There's probably enough oil, gas and coal to keep us going before the economics force a halt. The big question is can we afford to cook the planet and acidify the oceans rather than looking elsewhere for our energy.
You mean geologists?