#### Black holes have no basis in General Relativity

Black holes have no basis in General Relativity or in Newton's theory.

All alleged black hole solutions to Einstein's field equations

actually contain no mass. A mass is simply inserted post hoc into the

alleged solutions by sticking in Newton's expression for escape

velocity. But this is entirely arbitrary and is done to satisfy

Einstein's false claim that Ric = 0 describes his gravitational field

"outside" a body such as a star. Newton's expression for escape

velocity is an implicit two-body relation, but all alleged black hole

'solutions' contain only one mass, the mass "outside" of which the

gravitational allegedly exists. Einstein removes all material sources

at the outset by setting his energy-momentum tensor to zero to get Ric

= 0. In the next breath he reinstates the presence of a material

source (a mass) by the deceitful words "outside a body such as a star,

because he must have a mass to be the source, to be the star. But all

the equations of Ric = 0 contain no material source terms. Not only

that, de Sitter's cosmological static solution is acknowledged by

Einstein and his followers to be entirely empty, hence de Sitter's

'empty universe'. But de Sitter's static solution is for Ric = lambda

g_{ij} where lambda is the so-called 'cosmological constant'. The

energy-momentum tensor is zero here too. Thus a zero energy-momentum

tensor both precludes and includes a material source (mass). This is

impossible. Ric = 0 contains no matter by mathematical construction.

de Sitter's empty universe contains no matter by mathematical

construction. Thus General Relativity does not even predict the black

hole at all. Newton's theory does not predict black holes either.

Einstein's "outside" a body such as a star is doubletalk - utter

nonsense.

-Stephen Crothers