@ Graham Wilson -- Here we go again! ... part 2
[El Reg. Geez this new 2k-character post limit is a damn pain. Please go back to previous]
2. Many Geographical or demographic areas exist over a country: London, Manchester, Edinburgh; Sydney, Melbourne; New York, Boston etc., thus spectrum licensing, advertising charges--the complete holus bolus--can be repeated many times over in different area with the either the same or different players.
3. Essentially, this is how the commercial world has divvied up the finances, rights management and everything else since broadcasting's year-dot. It's area and demographic based which means under copyright law you can and have to count the numbers of those consuming copyrighted material.
4. The Internet fucks up this cosy area-based arrangement which has existed for the past 100 years:
(a) as Internet listeners/viewers/users can be located anywhere, or
(b) grouped by blocks of IP addresses, or,
(c) grouped by ISP or some other specific category.
Therefore, those who receive broadcasts outside traditionally allocated service areas are deemed to be freebie interlopers and copyright violators as they've not paid royalties (or the broadcasters haven't paid the royalties for them as has been traditional practice).
5. Unlike traditional broadcasting where broadcasters pay royalties based on estimated numbers and surveys, Internet copyright royalties are more precise as they're:
(a) based on specific numbers across the whole Internet (royalties all being the same), or
(b) negotiated as a block amount by a specific network, ISP or owner (here it's Telstra), or
(c) negotiated by country (charged by the ability to pay--rich countries charged large amounts, poor countries by a lesser amount and so on).