Fair Use vs Republication...
"“The case shows that judges will pay close attention to fair use defenses, especially when it's simply not credible that the republications had any detrimental effect on the newspapers,” Goldman explained. “The case also shows that judges will tolerate partial quotations of articles.”"
I believe Goldman misspoke.
It is one thing under the 'fair use doctrine' to take a portion of a document as part of a commentary, especially if it include attribution to the cited work. Its another to take the entire document and republish it without compensating the initial author.
Here's an example... A company is selling their product and they include a copy of a positive review that was written for a consumer product magazine. It is one thing to include a reprint of the article because the company is paying for the rights to the reprint, its another to just include a copy of the article that they made on their own. This would be a 'republication' of the work and not covered under the fair use doctrine.
Goldman is correct in that it is a good thing for the courts to uphold the fair use doctrine.