@Eq, and everyone who calls copyright violation: this was and remains legal
Lots of "copyright violation" sentiments, but how does copyright law work in China? I personally had no idea of their laws on the issue, so I looked it up - http://www.chinaiprlaw.com/english/laws/laws10.htm was fairly useful.
Any competent lawyer will be able to point out that Google didn't violate Chinese national copyright laws, thanks to the text in section 4, article 22, point 8:
"Article 22 -- In the following cases, a work may be exploited without permission from, and without payment of remuneration to, the copyright owner, provided that the name of the author and the title of the work shall be mentioned and the other rights enjoyed by the copyright owner by virtue of this Law shall not be prejudiced:
"(8) reproduction of a work in its collections by a library, archive, memorial hall, museum, art gallery or any similar institution, for the purposes of the display, or preservation of a copy, of the work;"
Given googles archival purpose (regardless of their real intentions, that is the state intention), they're in the clear, and this is simple a problem of some people feeling treated unfairly. Sadly, the law doesn't cover fair, so: tough.
Of course, this sucks if you're a Chinese author, but there you have it - given China's copyright law, nothing unlawful actually occurred, and Google doesn't have to ask permission OR financially compensate anyone for what they've done. Not even after people cried foul.