WD has uprated its four-platter, 2TB disk technology to 7200rpm with Caviar Black and WD-RE4 models. This move was foreshadowed by leaks from European resellers earlier this month. The first 3.5in 2TB products from WD spun at 5,400rpm. WD Caviar Black 2TB Capacities range from 500GB, through 640GB, 750GB and 1TB, up to 2TB. …
And to think my ReadyNAS NV+ has 2TB available storage across 4 HDDs. I guess that is progress for you.
Several questions I have and that are getting harder and harder to answer.... how the hell do you backup that amount of data safely? And as data-densities increase, surely that is increasing the amount of risk from a single drive failure, even in a RAID?
With the second question consider this: it is possible for multiple disks to fail at the same time, rare but possible. So you have RAID 5/6, so far so good. Previously you would have maybe 2TB spread over 5 or 6 500GB drives (just for example). Meaning if the RAID was lost, it was "only" 2TB of data. Now: using 2TB drives that could be 12TB of data lost if the RAID fails. That to me is massively increased risk surely?
Meh! It's still early....
Yeah but its not the amount of data that is the problem the amount you can fit on a drive is irrelevant
Because lets say you only have 40 gig disks you can still only back them up with (at the time) other 40 gig disks
So to answer your question were in exactly the same boat as yesterday or last year or last decade !!
"Previously you would have maybe 2TB spread over 5 or 6 500GB drives (just for example). Meaning if the RAID was lost, it was "only" 2TB of data"
You'd have to expect a lot of things to go wrong to lose the whole 2TB! :) As far as I'm aware, MTBF hasn't changed as the drives have gotten bigger.
Back-up's always been a problem, especially if you're running at the larger disk sizes (hint, it's why enterprises generally don't) as you need at least twice the storage capacity somewhere. It was the same the first time I had a 20GB drive I wanted to back-up, pretty much the upper end of storage at the time. Tape or equivalent HD was the only option (or about 30 CDs - unweildy and expensive - just like 40 BD discs would be for the 2TB drive), and at least as expensive as the initial purchase.
Unfortunately in my recent experience, 400 and 500gig RE2 drives, a lot *does* go wrong. I've had at least 50% of the 500gig drives fail, and all the 400gig drives failed. When they fail they just start going into the "spin up, click click click, spin down repeat until false" loop.
Luckily as they were all in raid configurations I was able to replace each drive before the next failure on all but one occasion when two failed within a day of each other, and I was out of spares. Due to the high death rate I had already experienced I had been very strict with my backup schedules, so I didn't loose anything important.
However it has made me very very wary of WD RE drives. Especially as there seems to have been little to no coverage of the problems in the eMedia, despite plenty of forum chatter. Maybe if they renamed themselves to Apple/Microsoft they might have picked up a grilling.
In comparison a test trial with cheap 1TB Samsung spinpoint drives has worked faultlessly for months. Maybe I should focus more on the "I" in RAID... Inexpensive
RAID rebuild on these...
... is the main problem. A 250GB drive can be written at normal speeds (50MB/s) for let's say 5000 secods (a hour and something), 2TB drive at 150MB/s (which is pretty generous) would take ~13333 seconds(3 hours and a bit), which makes the exposure time (in which another drive failure will fuck you up) 2-3 times larger. Drives are getting bigger, but the speed to them doesn't grow as fast as we'd like it to...
136 year run time?
interesting so if the drive is rated to run 1.2 million hours so thats 1,200,000 / 24 hours in a day, divide that by 365....by my calculations the drive should run for almost 137 years. of course if storage doubles every year for the next 136 years...a 2TB drive would pale in comparison to the latest WD 87,112,285,931,760,200,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000TB drive...lol.
..what does that format to? My 1Tb samsung format's to 931Gb, 'losing' 69Gb. Does a 2Tb format to 1,862Gb, 'losing' 138Gb?
@Steve Evans - common-mode failure
WD drives no good? More probably, you got unlucky, and your RAID array was populated with drives all from the same bad batch (built with a batch of faulty components). Google, and you'll find a few people swearing never to touch Hitachi / Seagate / Samsung drives again, having likewise experienced batched failures. A batch of defective components could happen to any of them.
Herein is a warning for anyone using RAID. If all the disks in an array are purchased at once from a single supplier, it is far more likely than is commonly thought that when one fails, the rest will be going the same way *soon* - so be prepared and buy an extra spare! You can spot the danger by checking the manufacturing dates and serial numbers of the drives.
I don't know of any supplier of RAID arrays that does the obvious right thing. Buy batches of disks from all the major manufacturers at (say) monthly intervals. Build arrays for customers such that no two disks in an array come from the same batch. For example, a safer 4-drive RAID array might contain Hitachi-July, WD-August, Seagate-August and WD-October, rather than 4x WD-October.
Trouble is that the typical suit wouldn't get it. If they ever noticed, they'd probably deduce that the RAID vendor was in financial distress because the drives weren't a "matched set"! Sometimes, a matched set is the absolutely last thing one wants.
Another warning about hard drives. Accelerated ageing tests can only go so far. Every drive we buy is in some ways a prototype - by the time it has run for long enough to prove its design, it is also obsolete! And the corollary is, that even if the drives that manufacturer X shipped 3 or more years ago prove to be unreliable, it might not be a reason to avoid that manufacturer today, just as long as they've learned their lesson. How do you know if they have? There's the problem.
Airlines understand common-mode failure. They never, ever, have both jet engines serviced at the same time, to make certain that the same mistake is never made on both of them at the same time, and discovered mid-takeoff or at 35000 ft. mid-Atlantic.
TB vs TiB
1 TB formats as 1 TB, if your OS shows less, blame the OS for reporting incorrect values
and learn the difference between binary and decimal prefixes.
its 1000 GB with decimal prefixes but 931 GiB using binary prefixes (you cannot use decimal prefixes for binary numbers - learn the difference between GB and GiB)
1 TB = 1 000 000 000 000 bytes
my hdd is actually showing 1 000 201 977 856 bytes so in fact i've got 200 megs for free