I think this is called "Earmarking"
It's a pretty common practice over the pond, by the look of things: A Bill is proposed to do something nice, good and kind; in this case it is to provide Secret Service protection to former Vice Presidents (Former Presidents are already granted protection.
Anybody voting against such a caring sensitive proposal is obviously wrong: Al Gore SHOULD be protected as should Walter Mondale, Dan Quayle and Dick Cheney (after next January). Bush Sr, VP to Reagan, gets it already for being a former president.
The shenanigans is when stuff unrelated to the main bill gets added to it. In this case it's increased powers for cybercrime (They seem a bit "big" on that, "man").
Defence Appropriation bills are popular for this: Allegedly the 1970 bill had 12 earmarks, the 1980 one had 62 and the 2005 one had 2671. Highways bills are also targets: Transportation Appropriation bill of 2005 had over 6000 of them.
Anon and Black Helicopter, because there's no way I'm gonna comment on US Security with my real name.