Quite right . . .
The judge is quite right to limit Intel's attempts to hijack a component of the language. "intel-" is the root of several long established dictionary words. Both organisations clearly hoped to benefit by association with intelligence, intellect etc. That takes precedence over a later additional association with Intel Corp. However, that defence does not work at all for anyone registering a mark reminiscent of "Kodak".
Attempting to hijack the language and prevent competitors using convenient terminology is an established activity of large companies - witness Microsoft with word, office, excel, windows etc.
For many years (and even today, for all I know) Intel printed materials included an absurd statement along the lines of: " i is a registered trademark of Intel, and may not be used without permission".
Perhaps Kodak should have taken this ancient joke to court: "What's bald and clicks? A Kojack Instamatic."
oops - showing my age.